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Mean Girls Connection to Belonging

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Be objective about Mean Girls Connection to Belonging, your resume career objective. by K B , updated on April 20, 2016. How to create a great resume career objective. As a recruiter some of the resume career objectives I read left me scratching my head. The reason I#8217;ve scratched my head, is that from Job Ad Questionnaire my essays, reading the Girls, resume and the career objective, I have had no idea what that candidate has wanted to do. I also had no idea about the value could bring to the role or the organization.

That means I need to start to think and translate this person#8217;s experience to see whether it matches the role at hand. While my role as a recruiter is to Starting of a, do that, the person who#8217;s most likely to get a look in, is the person who can quickly explain the value they can add, starting with a clearly expressed career objective on their resume. Why should you read this blog post. In this blog post I#8221;ll cover 5 things. 1. Why you should create a resume career objective. 2. Bad examples of Girls Connection to Belonging, a resume career objective and why the example is bad. 3. Good examples of a resume career objective, and Correlation Preference, what works about the Mean to Belonging, example. These are career objectives that have helped my clients win interviews. 4. Rules to help you create a powerful resume career objective. 5. How you can use our myPitch app to create a forward looking career objective for Harlem Duet-Modern Play your resume and for interviews.

1. Mean Girls Connection To Belonging! Why you should create a resume career objective. Skip this bit if you just want to Job Ad Questionnaire, find out how to write one. A resume without a career objective is like a movie without a title, or a trailer. I’m not really going to understand why I should watch the movie, if I can’t at Mean to Belonging, least get an Preference in Class a Behavioral Study idea about what I am about to see, and in fact I probably won’t watch it. A resume career objective invites the reader in. It makes a big difference to the way the recruiter reads your resume. Girls Connection! An career objective does not need to be an essay, you do need to let the rest of the nursing, resume do it#8217;s work, but a succinct and Girls Connection, well written objective means when the recruiter reads the resume, they read it with what you want in mind. Questionnaire My Essays! Even more important, the Mean, recruiter can quickly understand the value you can potentially add. When I was a recruiter, I would see so many resumes.

I really needed candidates to be bold and spell out what they wanted. So a clearly written career objective on Essay, a resume shows not only that you have given this application some detailed thought (always good), but that you have the confidence to announce your ambitions and what you can deliver to an employer. 2. Mean Connection To Belonging! Examples of bad resume career objectives. Here#8217;s an example of a badly written career objective. #8220;To obtain a role in my essays business, which will enable me to utilise my strong skills and Mean Girls, expansive knowledge to make a contribution.#8221; This just sounds like wishy washy theory. The career objective does not state specifically which strong skills and Between Preference Performance:, expansive knowledge the applicant would like to use. These are wasted words on a resume, where you do need to be careful about every word you choose. Here#8217;s another example of a bad resume career objective. #8220;An outstanding Manager with extensive global experience expertise. John’s communication and influencing skills have united stakeholders on business critical projects, leading to successful project completion. His strong management capability and project management skills have also been pivotal in successfully managing a company and transforming teams with over 50 staff to deliver engagement rates of 80% plus. John has managed diverse team members in different locations. At present, he wants to utilise his leadership, influencing, thought leadership and marketing expertise in either business, government, academic or charity sectors.#8221; At first glance this may sound reasonable, but apart from the repeated words and Girls Connection, waffle, the issue with this career objective is that it#8217;s waaaaay too general.

You are more likely to get an interview if you understand the Correlation Between Sitting Preference and Academic Performance: a Behavioral Study, role you are applying for, and explain the Mean Connection to Belonging, value you can add to that particular role. So saying #8220;business, government, academic or charity sectors#8221; is not convincing. Also in this career objective, there#8217;s information that would be better placed in nursing care plans??? other areas of the resume, such as achievements (#8220;80% + engagement rates#8221;) and expertise (stakeholder engagement). 3. Examples of good resume career objectives. This is an to Belonging example of an effective resume career objective explaining a career change. #8220;Having recently achieved Distinctions in HR studies, along with winning award nominations through demonstrating dedication to consistently providing exemplary levels of customer service interpreting complex and detailed travel policies in fast-paced corporate support and in Class Performance:, sales environments; ideally positioned to add value as a Coordinator effectively managing internal policy inquiries in Mean Girls Connection to Belonging an internal corporate HR service centre.#8221; This career objective helped this person secure an interview for College Resume a number of reasons. This person had thought specifically about what they could bring from their past into Girls to Belonging, their new career choice in HR. They had articulated what that next role might be including the ideal environment they could work in. Harlem! This person had a career objective and Girls Connection to Belonging, resume that was built around the Correlation in Class and Academic, advertised role. Here#8217;s another example that worked for a global CFO. Mean To Belonging! #8220; Global CFO with 15 + years’ success delivering growth in diverse operations across international markets for new projects and Greenfield sites; a record of challenging the status-quo, recognizing and Job Ad Questionnaire, executing innovative solutions; strategic and hands-on financial management skills; ideally positioned to build markets and deliver growth for organisations at the start of a global expansion or transformation.#8221; This resume career objective succeeded because this person demonstrated a high degree of self awareness, specifically around which part of the business cycle they could add the most value in. Each and Girls to Belonging, every word in Duet-Modern Essay the career objective were important skills to highlight for someone who was able to drive global expansion.

Another reason that it is better to be more specific than general is that when you have a track record at a senior level and are looking for a role, a recruiter sees it as a given that you can deliver. The choice to hire you is more about your fit with the organisation and therefore how quickly you can deliver. Girls Connection To Belonging! A tailored career objective is one way to show your cultural fit with an organisation and the stage where you are at your most effective. Here#8217;s an example of a graduate#8217;s career objective. #8220;With an honours degree in Accounting, skills gained in previous career investigating immigration applications requiring attention to detail and an ability to understand complex law and individuals’ circumstances; plus a work ethic demonstrated by extensive extra-curricular activities; career ambitions are to investigate problems and highlight issues with risk, commencing as an Audit Graduate with a professional services firm.#8221; 4. Rules around resume career objectives. Rule 1. Keep it short, you want people to read it. Rule 2. Read rule 1 again, and if your career objective is longer than 4-5 lines, get your red pen out. Rule 3. Think about what how you#8217;ve done in the past will allow you to add value in the future.

Rule 5. Correlation Preference And Academic Performance:! Your objective is much more about other people than you. Rule 6. Make sure your career objective matches the role you are applying for. This means you need to be serious about each and Mean Girls Connection, every application you send. Rule 7. Starting Of A! Don#8217;t copy other people#8217;s objectives off the internet, you won#8217;t sound like you and that#8217;s a charisma killer. 5. Still stuck? Try our new app myPitch for some career objective examples. When we talk about a career objective, essentially the recruiter is asking you the to Belonging, question #8220;tell me about yourself.#8221; We#8217;ve created a tool that will help you sell yourself within 30 seconds.

One aim of this app is to keep you concise, and so you can come up with a pitch as compelling as the one in this video below. So if you have an iPhone click this link to download myPitch if you have an Starting debate? Android click this link to Mean, download myPitch and my essays, take a look at the videos we#8217;ve filmed for each stage in your career. This will show you a forward focused way to Girls to Belonging, introduce yourself in life and on your resume. Starting Of A Debate?! Try it out and feel free to come back and tell me what you think. Get prepared for to Belonging your next interview! Download our free e-book . Deborah Barit wrote this book. Harlem Duet-Modern Play! She is one of Australia#8217;s leading interview coaches. It is packed full of easily actionable interview tips. Connection! To get your free e-book and some of our best interview tips direct to Job Ad Questionnaire, your inbox, simply click on this link and answer a couple of quick survey questions. Girls To Belonging! Easy as, hey! Here’s what happy readers said about the e-book and interview tips: “Deborah Barit is a very smart lady#8230;She is my essays good at figuring out what an employer is looking for.

It’s like she has ESP — with her help in preparing, I found no surprises in Mean to Belonging a recent interview and I was prepared for every question#8230;.#8221; Cathy, Leichhardt. “Because I read so many of your posts, I feel as if you were my personal employment coach. I start my new position in two weeks. Girls To Belonging! I had so many obstacles to overcome and each day you posted a solution to Mean Girls Connection to Belonging, my dilemma and Job Ad Questionnaire my essays, how to improve my search. Thank you so much for Mean Connection your input and PLEASE continue to do what you do!” Click here to get access to the e-book. Do you make one of these top 5 insanely dumb mistakes on LinkedIn?

Click on this link , and we’ll send you our FREE report, PLUS some awesome tips to help you lure recruiters and Harlem Duet-Modern Play Essay, employers to Mean Girls Connection to Belonging, your LinkedIn profile.

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Mean Girls | Identity and Belonging

Hidden Costs of Energy: Unpriced Consequences of Mean Girls to Belonging, Energy Production and Use (2010) Looking for other ways to read this? MyNAP members SAVE 10% off online. Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to Harlem Essay start saving and receiving special member only Mean Connection to Belonging, perks. Overall Conclusions and Recommendations. In response to a charge from Congress, the committee defined and evaluated key external costs and benefits associated with the production, distribution, and consumption of energy from care plans??? HeLp!!?, various selected sources. We were asked to focus on health, environmental, security, and infrastructure effects that are notor may not befully incorporated into the market price of energy or into Girls, government policies related to energy production, distribution, or consumption. The external effects of energy are mostly negative, but the overall benefits of Mean Girls, U.S. energy systems to Girls to Belonging society are enormous. However, the estimation of those benefits, which are mostly reflected in energy prices and markets, was not in of a debate?, the committee’s charge. The results of this study are intended to inform public policy choices, such as selecting among fuel types, or to help identify situations in which additional regulation may be warranted for Mean Girls, reducing external costs produced by an energy-related activity.

When sources with large aggregate damages are indentified, analysis of the costs and benefits of reducing the burdens resulting from those damages is warranted. This chapter presents an overview of the of a debate?, results of the committee’s analyses. It provides factors to keep in mind when interpreting the results of the evaluations, overall conclusions, and recommendations for research to inform future consideration of various issues. Our study examined external effects over Mean, the life cycle of electricity generation, transportation, and production of heat for the residential, com- mercial, and College Student Objectives industrial sectors. We estimated damages that remained in 2005 after regulatory actions had taken place as well as damages expected to remain in 2030 in light of possible future regulations. Our boundaries for analysis were not identical in all sectors, but we sought to use existing data and Mean Connection methods for well-recognized externalities. We did not attempt to Harlem Duet-Modern develop wholly new methods for estimating impacts and damages, but we did identify areas where additional research would be particularly valuable.

For electricity generation and production of heat, we focused on monetizing downstream effects related to air pollution from coal-fired and gas-fired processes. Upstream effects and other downstream effects have been quantified but not monetized or have been discussed in qualitative terms. Mean! We did not assess effects associated with power-plant construction, and we did not assess effects from methane emissions from transporting natural gas by pipeline for heat. For transportation, we monetized effects related to air pollution for essentially the full life cycle, including vehicle manufacture. We considered climate-change effects associated with energy production and Questionnaire my essays use, and we reviewed various attempts that have been made in the literature to quantify and monetize the damages associated with the effects of climate change. We also considered the literature on a variety of Mean Girls Connection to Belonging, damages that are associated with the nation’s energy infrastructure: disruption in the electricity transmission grid, vulnerability of energy facilities to accidents and possible attack, external costs of oil consumption, supply security considerations, and national security externalities.

The committee focused its attention on externalities as generally defined by economists. As discussed in Chapter 1, there are many other distortions that occur in markets related to energy production and consumption that may create opportunities for improvement of social welfare but that are not externalities. There are also equity or “fairness” consequences of market activities. Although other distortions and equity concerns may be appropriate for policy formulation, they are beyond the scope of this study and were not considered. Estimating most of the impacts and damages involves a several-step process based on many assumptions; this process is true for HeLp!!?, even relatively well-understood impacts. In summarizing our results, we attempt to convey the uncertainty surrounding our estimates. The results of the committee’s study should be considered in light of important caveats. Although our analysis was able to consider and quantify a wide range of Mean Girls to Belonging, burdens and damages (for example, premature mortality resulting from Job Ad my essays, exposure to air pollution), there are many potential damages that we did not quantify.

Therefore our results should not be interpreted as a full accounting. As discussed in Chapter 1, studying selected sources was necessary because it. would have been infeasible to evaluate the Mean, entire energy system with the time and resources available to the committee. Even within the sources selected by the committee, we were unable to monetize all externalities over a life cycle. Our analysis required use of Questionnaire, a wide set of assumptions and decisions about Connection analytical techniques that can introduce uncertainty into the results. Although we did not attempt to College Resume conduct a formal uncertainty analysis, we have been cautious throughout our discussion of resultsand urge the Connection to Belonging, reader to be cautiousthat is, not to over-interpret small differences in results among the wide range of energy sources and technologies assessed. There is uncertainty in the analyses with respect to the quality of the data available, the completeness of the analyses (factors that may have been left out or have been unintentionally given inappropriate weight), and the degree to which computation models correctly include the most important variables. Job Ad Questionnaire My Essays! Uncertainty also involves unknowns.

For example, some climate effects of Connection, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are poorly understood and might continue to be for some time. In some cases in which effects werre unknown, the committee was able to conclude that the effects were probably small compared with the Correlation in Class Performance: a Behavioral Study, known effects. In other cases, the committee was not able to provide even qualitative estimates of unknown effects; in such cases, we had to accept that we did not know. The summaries that follow point out some of the uncertainties and Mean Girls Connection to Belonging their sources, but for more detail, consult the discussions in previous chapters. Chapter 2 examines burdens, effects, and damages associated with electricity generation from coal, natural gas, nuclear power, wind, solar energy, and of a biomass. In the cases of fossil fuels (coal and natural gas) and nuclear power, the analysis includes externalities associated with upstream activities, exploration, fuel extraction and processing, and the transportation of fuel to generating facilities, as well as damages associated with downstream activities of Girls to Belonging, electricity generation and distribution. Some effects are discussed in qualitative terms and others are quantified and, if possible, monetized. Although this section presents estimates of GHG emissions due to electricity generation, it does not present damages associated with effects related to climate change. Those damages are discussed in Girls to Belonging, separate sections in Mean Connection, this chapter.

For electricity generation from coal, the committee monetized effects on human health, visibility of outdoor vistas, agriculture, forestry, and damages to building materials associated with emissions of airborne particulate. matter (PM), sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ) and oxides of nitrogen (NO x ) from 406 coal-fired power plants in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii. More than 90% of monetized damages are associated with premature human mortality, and Mean Girls to Belonging approximately 85% of damages come from SO 2 emissions, which are transformed into airborne PM. Aggregate damages (unrelated to climate change) in 2005 were approximately $62 billion (2007 U.S. dollars [USD]), or 3.2 cents per Mean Girls, kilowatt hour (kWh) (weighting each plant by the electricity it produces); however, damages per plant varied widely. The distribution of damages across plants is highly skewed (see Figure 7-1). The 50% of plants with lowest damages per plant accounted for 25% of net electricity generation and produced 12% of damages. The 10% of plants with the highest damages per plant also accounted for 25% of net generation, but they produced 43% of the damages. Although damages are. FIGURE 7-1 Distribution of aggregate damages from coal-fired power plants by decile (2007 U.S. dollars).

In computing this chart, plants were sorted from smallest to largest based on Job Ad Questionnaire my essays aggregate damages. The lowest decile represents the 40 plants with the smallest aggregate damages per plant. The figure on the top of each bar is the average across all plants of damages associated with SO 2 , NO x , PM 2.5 , and Mean PM 10 (particles with diameters less than or equal to 2.5 and 10 microns, respectively). Damages related to climate-change effects are not included. FIGURE 7-2 Air-pollution damages from coal-fired electricity generation for 406 plants in 2005. Damage estimates are reported in Correlation Preference Performance: Study, 2007 U.S. dollars. Damages related to climate-change effects are not included. larger for plants that produce more electricity, less than half of the variation in damages across plants is explained by differences in net generation. The map in Figure 7-2 shows the size of damages created by each of the Girls, 406 plants by plant location. Plants with large damages are concentrated to the east of the Mississippi River, along the Ohio River Valley, in of a, the Middle Atlantic, and in the South.

Damages per kWh also varied widely across plants (Figure 7-3)from over 12 cents per kWh (95th percentile) to less than a cent (5th percentile) (2007 USD). 1 Most of the variation in damages per kWh can be explained by variation in emissions intensity (emissions per kWh) across plants. In the case of SO 2 emissions, over 80% of the variation in SO 2 damages per kWh is explained by variation in Mean Girls to Belonging, pounds of plans??? PlEaSe, SO 2 emitted per kWh. Damages per ton of SO 2 , which vary by plant, are less important in explaining variation in SO 2 damages per kWh. (Damages per ton are capable of explaining only 24% of the variation in damages per kWh.) These estimates are not weighted by electricity generation.

FIGURE 7-3 Distribution of air-pollution damages per kilowatt-hour for 406 coal-fired power plants in Girls to Belonging, 2005 (in 2007 U.S. dollars). All plants are weighted equally. Damages related to climate-change effects are not included. For 2030, despite increases in damages per ton of pollutant due to population growth and Starting of a income growth, average damages per kWh (weighted by electricity generation) at coal plants are estimated to be 1.7 cents per kWh, compared with 3.2 cents per kWh in 2005 (2007 USD). The fall in Mean to Belonging, damages per kWh is explained by the assumption that pounds of Sitting and Academic Study, SO 2 per megawatt hour (MWh) will fall by 64% and that NO x and Girls PM emissions per MWh will fall by approximately 50% (see Chapter 2). The emissions of CO 2 from nursing, coal-fired electricity-generating facilities are the largest single source of GHG emissions in the United States. Because the heat rate (energy from coal needed to generate 1 kWh of electricity) varies widely among coal-fired plants, the CO 2 emissions vary as well. The 5th-95th percentile range is 0.95-1.5 tons (the average being about 1 ton of CO 2 per MWh of power generated). The main factors behind the Mean, differences in Harlem Duet-Modern Essay, the CO 2 emitted are the Mean Girls to Belonging, technology used to generate the power and the age of the plant.

For estimating nonclimate-change-related damages for College Resume Objectives, 498 facilities that generate electricity from natural gas in the United States, we used a similar approach as in Mean to Belonging, the coal analysis. The gas facilities, which include electric utilities, independent power producers, and combined heat and power facilities, each generated at least 80% of in Class Performance: Study, their electricity from gas and had installed capacity of at least 5 MW. The aggregate damages associated with emissions of SO 2 , NO x , and PM from these facilities, which generated 71% of electricity from natural gas, were approximately $0.74 billion (2007 USD), or 0.16 cents per Girls to Belonging, kWh. Thus, on average, nonclimate-change damages associated with electricity generation from natural gas are an order of magnitude lower than damages from coal-fired electricity generation. The distribution of damages across plants is, however, highly skewed (see Figure 7-4). In Class And Academic Performance: A Behavioral! The 10% of plants with highest damages per plant.

FIGURE 7-4 Distribution of aggregate damages from natural-gas-fired power plants by decile (in 2007 U.S. Girls Connection! dollars). Plants were sorted from smallest to largest based on aggregate damages to compute this chart. The lowest decile represents the of a debate?, 50 plants with the smallest aggregate damages per plant. The number on the top of each bar is the average across all plants of Girls Connection, damages associated with SO 2 , NO x , PM 2.5 , and Correlation Between Preference and Academic PM 10 (particles with diameters less than or equal to 2.5 and 10 microns, respectively). Damages related to climate-change effects are not included. accounted for 65% of the air-pollution damages produced by all 498 plants.

The 50% of Mean, plants with lowest damages per plant accounted for only 4% of the aggregate damages. (Each group of plants, respectively, accounted for approximately one-quarter of the electricity generation.) Although damages were larger for plants that produced more electricity, less than 40% of the variation in damages across plants is explained by Between Sitting in Class and Academic a Behavioral, differences in net generation. The largest damages are produced by gas plants located in the Northeast (along the Eastern seaboard), and in Texas, California, and Mean Girls to Belonging Florida (see Figure 7-5). Damages per kWh also vary widely across plants: from more than 1.5 cents per Essay, kWh (95th percentile) to less than 0.05 cents (5th percentile) (2007 USD). 2 Most of the variation in NO x damages per kWh can be explained by variation in emission intensity across plants; however, for PM 2.5 , which accounted for more than half of the Mean to Belonging, monetized air-pollution damages, variation in Objectives, damages per ton of Mean Girls, PM 2.5 (that is, variation related to Job Ad my essays the location of the plant relative to population distribution and Mean Connection prevailing winds) are as important in College Objectives, explaining variation in PM 2.5 damages per kWh as differences in PM 2.5 emissions intensity. Damages per kWh at the 498 facilities are predicted to be 30% lower in 2030 than in 2005; they are predicted to Girls Connection to Belonging fall from 0.16 cents to 0.11 cents per kWh on average (2007 USD) (weighting each plant by electricity generation). The reduction is due to a predicted 19% fall in NO x emissions per kWh hour and a 32% fall in PM 2.5 emissions per kWh (see Chapter 2). Natural gas plants on average emitted approximately half as much CO 2 at College, the generation stage as did coal-fired power plants in 2005about half a ton of CO 2 per MWh. To Belonging! As the heat rate (energy from gas needed to generate 1 kWh of electricity) varied among gas-fired plants, so did CO 2 emissions, the 5th-95th percentile ranged from 0.3 to 1.1 tons per MWh. As discussed later in this chapter, nonclimate-change damages from natural-gas-fired electricity generation are likely to Mean to Belonging be much smaller than its damages related to climate change.

The committee did not quantify damages associated with nuclear power; however, we reviewed studies conducted by others and consider. These estimates are not weighted by electricity generation. FIGURE 7-5 Air-pollution damages from natural-gas-fired electricity generation for 498 plants in Mean to Belonging, 2005. Damages are expressed in Girls Connection, 2007 U.S. dollars. Damages related to climate-change effects are not included. their conclusions relevant. 3 Overall, other studies have found that damages associated with the normal operation of Mean Girls Connection, nuclear power plants (excluding the possibility of damages in the remote future from the disposal of spent fuel) are low compared with those from fossil-fuel-based power plants.

For surface-mine workers, exposure to radon is generally less important than direct irradiation or dust inhalation, but radon exposure can be important for underground miners. However, if radiologic exposure is taken into account in miners’ wages, it is Sitting Preference Study not considered an externality. For members of the public, the most significant pathways from an operating uranium mine are radon transport and radionuclide ingestion following surface-water transport. From a rehabilitated mine, the more significant pathways over the long term are likely to be groundwater as well as surface-water transport and bioaccumulation in animals and plants located at the mine. The committee did not quantify damages associated with nuclear power because the analysis would have involved power plant risk modeling and Mean Girls to Belonging spent-fuel transportation modeling that would have taken far greater resources and time than were available for this study. site or on associated water bodies. Little uranium is nursing care PlEaSe HeLp!!? currently mined in the United States; most of the uranium supplied to U.S. nuclear power plants comes from Canada and Russia. Downstream impacts are largely confined to the release of heated water used for cooling and the production of low-level radioactive wastes (LLRW) and Mean Connection to Belonging high-level radioactive wastes (HLRW) from spent fuel.

Release of highly radioactive materials has not occurred on a large scale in nursing plans??? PlEaSe, the United States (but obviously has occurred elsewhere). LLRW is stored for decay to Mean Girls Connection background levels and then disposed of as nonradioactive waste (a practice possible with slightly contaminated materials), or it is disposed of in nearsurface landfills designed for radioactive wastes. For spent nuclear fuel that is not reprocessed and recycled, HLRW is Preference and Academic Performance: usually stored at the plant site. No agreement has been reached on a geologic repository for HLRW in Mean Girls to Belonging, the United States, and, therefore, little HLRW is transported for long distances. Girls Connection! The issue of having a permanent repository is Mean Connection to Belonging perhaps the most contentious nuclear-energy issue, and considerably more study on the externalities of such a repository is warranted. The committee relied on information in the scientific literature for its assessment of Girls, wind power for producing electricity; it focused on land-based wind turbines, because no offshore turbines have been permitted yet in the United States.

Because wind energy does not use fuel, no gases or other contaminants are released during the operation of a wind turbine. Girls To Belonging! Emissions of SO 2 , NO x , and PM and GHGs over the life cycle are much smaller per kWh than for coal or natural gas. Upstream effects are related to College Resume the mining, processing, fabrication, and transportation of raw materials and parts; those parts are normally transported to the wind-energy plant’s site for final assembly. Effects related to downstream activities include visual and noise impacts, impacts on bird and bat species, and to Belonging land-use effects that accompany the construction of any electricity-generating plant and transmission of electricity. Although few life-cycle impacts associated with wind energy have been quantified, potential damages are likely to be less than those for coal and natural gas. For example, aggregate land-use damages over Questionnaire my essays, the entire life cycle are also likely to be smaller for electricity generation from wind than for Mean to Belonging, coal and natural gas. However, better information is needed, especially in light of the probable increase in the number and density of wind turbines. Even if the expansion of wind energy is taken into account, the estimated number of birds killed by wind turbines is of a dwarfed by the number killed by transmission lines. On the other hand, bat deaths appear to Mean Girls Connection to Belonging be largely, if not uniquely, associated with wind generation, but good estimates of the. numbers of bats killed are not available.

In addition, the lack of understanding of the demography and Questionnaire ecology of bats makes it difficult to assess the importance of bat deaths. Connection To Belonging! Societal damages associated with the killing of bats by wind turbines are currently small by comparison with the aggregate damages associated with electricity generation by coal, natural gas, and the sum of all other sources. Much of the United States receives enough solar energy to Questionnaire my essays produce about 1 kWh per square meter of panel area per day, with considerable local variability from north to south and Mean regionally as a result of sun angles and weather patterns. Duet-Modern Essay! At present, most solar panels are installed on building roofs or immediately adjacent to buildings to provide electricity on site. When a site’s electricity use exceeds solar energy availability, electricity is supplied from the grid (or from batteries, if electricity demand is low).

In this case, solar panels reduce grid-based electricity demand at the end use, thus becoming similar to an energy efficiency improvement. Girls Connection! Some solar panel installations also can feed excess electricity back into the grid during periods of peak solar or low local on-site demand periods. Concentrating solar power (CSP) 4 and photovoltaic (PV) electricity generation by Harlem Play, the electricity sector combined to supply 500 gigawatt hours (GWh) in 2006 and 600 GWh in 2007, which constitute about 0.01% of the total U.S. electricity generation. Energy Information Administration (EIA) data indicate that the compounded annual growth rate in net U.S. generation from solar was 1.5% from 1997 to 2007 (NAS/NAE/NRC 2009b). However, this estimate does not account for Mean Girls Connection to Belonging, the growth in residential and Correlation Sitting and Academic other small PV installations, which are applications that have displayed the largest growth rate for solar electricity. Although solar PV and CSP are still developing technologies, they will be an increasing, but still small, part of electricity generation through 2020. Like wind power, solar power emits no gaseous pollutants during operations to Girls to Belonging produce electricity. Of A Debate?! Upstream life-cycle activities include mining of materials for solar panels and the balance-of-system components used to convert the electricity to alternating current. Downstream life-cycle activities include electricity generation, storage, and disposal or recycling of Mean Connection, worn-out panels. Worn-out panels have the potential to produce a large. CSP installations use arrays of mirrors to focus direct beam incident sunlight to heat a working fluid and generate electricity through a thermal power cycle.

Desert locations with low humidity and high insolation could allow large-scale CSP electricity generation at Starting of a debate?, lower costs than PV installations. Co-siting a CSP plant with a natural gas power plant can allow continuous production of electricity. amount of waste, and improper disposal may lead to the possibility of leaching of toxic chemicals. If solar energy for Mean Connection, electricity were to become an important part of the U.S. energy mix, more attention would need to be paid to damages resulting from the manufacture, recycling, and disposal of equipment, as well as potential land-use impacts. No attempt has been made to estimate damages associated with generating electricity using biomass feedstock derived from forestry practices, agricultural activities, and municipal solid waste because the amount of electricity generated from biomass feedstock is relatively small (total installed capacity is less than 1,600 MW) and Correlation Between Preference in Class and Academic Performance: a Behavioral is likely to remain so. 5 Many of the Mean Girls Connection to Belonging, issues facing biomass combustors are similar to issues faced by large-scale fossil-fuel generation. Emissions from the combustion of biomass can include polychlorinated biphenyl compounds, although the Harlem Duet-Modern, focus of recent analysis has been primarily on enclosed systems. Nonclimate-change-related damages from Mean Girls, biomass-generated electricity on a per-kWh basis might equal or even exceed those from coal in some cases. The committee has not provided detailed analyses because this technology probably will have only limited market penetration in Duet-Modern Play Essay, 2030. Transmission and Distribution of Electricity. Transmission lines have raised concerns about health risks (for example, risks associated with exposure to extremely low-frequency [ELF] electromagnetic radiation), visual disamenities, and loss of property values.

The latter concern is not an externality per se, although it may reflect externalities. Mean Connection! Potential health risks from ELF exposure are externalities, although adverse health effects of nursing care HeLp!!?, transmission lines have not been conclusively established. Visual disamenities are also externalities and may become an increasing concern in association with renewable energy sources. Mean Connection To Belonging! Large-scale wind and solar facilities often need to be sited far from end users, thus requiring more new transmission lines than some other sources would need. We considered a wide range of potential emissions and Connection to Belonging damages related to Mean Girls air pollution from the use of energy in transportation. Our discussion.

Source: National Electric Energy Data System (NEEDS) for the Integrated Planning Model (EPA 2004b). and analysis focused on the components of transportation energy usefor light-duty and heavy-duty on-road vehiclesthat account for of a, more than 75%, i.e. the great majority, of annual U.S. transportation energy use. Other transportation energy uses (for example, for nonroad vehicles, aircraft, locomotives, and ships) are not inconsequential, but they account for a smaller portion of transportation energy use and so were not considered. For each fuel and vehicle combination, the committee analyzed the life-cycle energy use and emissions, and then used those emissions data in a nationwide analysis of exposures and health effects as well as other nonclimate effects, and then developed estimates of monetized damages (described in Chapter 3). This section also presents estimates of GHG emissions due to Girls transportation, but it does not present estimates of climate-change-related damages associated with those emissions. My Essays! Those damages are discussed in a separate section of this chapter.

Health Effects and Other Damages Not Related to Climate Change. Despite limitations, our analysis provides some useful insight into Mean Connection, the relative levels of damages from different fuel and technology mixes. Overall, we estimate that the aggregate national damages in 2005 to health and other nonclimate-change-related effects were approximately $36 billion per year (2007 USD) for the light duty vehicle fleet; the addition of medium-duty and heavy-duty trucks and buses raises the aggregate estimate to approximately $56 billion (2007 USD). These estimates are probably conservative, as they include but do not fully account for the contribution of light-duty trucks to the aggregate damages, and should be viewed with caution, given the significant uncertainties in any such analysis. Health and Other Nonclimate-Change-Related Damages on Questionnaire a per-Vehicle-Mile-Traveled Basis. Although the uncertainties in the analysis preclude precise ranking of different technologies, Table 7-1 illustrates that, on a cents per-vehicle-mile-traveled (VMT) basis, there are some important differences in the levels of damages attributable to different fuel and technology combinations in 2005 and 2030. Among the Mean Connection, fuel and Duet-Modern technology choices, there are some differences in damages, although overall, especially in 2030, the different fuel and technology combinations have remarkably similar damage estimates. Some fuels (E85 from herbaceous and corn stover feedstock) and compressed natural gas (CNG) have relatively lower damages than all other options in Girls to Belonging, both 2005 and 2030. TABLE 7-1 Relative Categories of Starting of a debate?, Health and Other Nonclimate-Change Damages 2005 and 2030 for Major Categories of Mean, Light-Duty Vehicle Fuels and Technologies (Damage Estimates Based on 2007 U.S. Dollars)

Category of Aggregate Damage Estimates (Cents/VMT) Diesel with low sulfur and biodiesel. E85 corn stover. E85 corn stover. Conventional gasoline and RFG. Conventional gasoline and RFG.

Diesel with low sulfur and biodiesel. ABBREVIATIONS: VMT, vehicle miles traveled; E85, ethanol 85% blend; E10, ethanol 10% blend; HEV, hybrid electric vehicle; CNG, compressed natural gas; RFG, reformulated gasoline. Diesel, which has relatively high damages in 2005, has one of the of a, lowest levels of damage in 2030. This result is due to the substantial reductions in both PM and NO x emissions that a diesel vehicle has been required to attain after the 2006 introduction of low-sulfur fuel. Corn-based ethanol, especially E85, has relatively higher damages than most other fuels; in large measure, the higher damages are due to higher emissions from the Connection, energy required to produce the feedstock and the fuel. Grid-dependent HEVs and electric vehicles have somewhat higher damages in both 2005 and 2030. As noted in Chapter 3, these vehicles have important advantages over Harlem Essay, all other fuel and Mean Girls technology combinations when only damages from operations are considered. However, the damages associated with the present and projected mixes of electricity generation (the latter still being dominated by coal and natural gas in 2030, albeit at significantly lower rates of emissions) add substantially to the life-cycle damages.

In addition, the increased energy associated with battery manu- facture adds approximately 20% to College Resume Objectives the damages from vehicle manufacture. However, further legislative and economic initiatives to reduce emissions from the Mean, electricity grid could be expected to improve the relative damages from electric vehicles substantially. Although the underlying level of aggregate damages in Mean to Belonging, the United States could be expected to rise between 2005 and 2030 because of projected increases in population and increases in the value of a statistical life, the results in our analysis of most fuel and technology examples in 2030 are very similar to those in 2005, in Girls Connection to Belonging, large measure because of the expected improvement in many technology and fuel combinations (including conventional gasoline) as a result of enhanced fuel efficiency (35.5 mpg) expected by Mean Connection, 2030 from the recently announced new national standards for Girls, light-duty vehicles. Student Objectives! (It is possible, however, that these improvements are somewhat overstated, as there is Girls evidence that improved fuel efficiency, by reducing the cost of driving, could also result in increased travel and consequently result in higher aggregate damages than would otherwise be seen.) As shown in Figure 7-6, these damages per VMT are not spread equally among the different life-cycle components. For example, in most cases the actual operation of the vehicle is one-quarter to Questionnaire my essays one-third of the damages per VMT, and the emissions incurred in creating the feedstock, refining the fuel, and making the Mean Girls Connection, vehicle are responsible for the larger part of damages. Health and Other Nonclimate Damages on a Per-Gallon Basis. The committee also attempted to estimate the health and non-GHG damages on a per-gallon basis. This attempt was made somewhat more complicated by the fact that simply multiplying expected miles per gallon for each fuel and vehicle type by the damages per mile tend to make the most fuel-efficient vehicles, which travel the most miles on a gallon, appear to have higher damages per Mean to Belonging, gallon than a less-fuel-efficient vehicle. With that caveat in mind, the committee analysis estimated that in Girls, 2005, the mean damages per gallon for Questionnaire, most fuels ranged from 23 cents/gallon to 38 cents/gallon, the damages for conventional gasoline engines being in approximately the middle of that range at approximately 29 cents per gallon. Limitations in the Health and Other Nonclimate Damages Analysis. When interpreting these results, it is Girls Connection important to consider two major limitations in Duet-Modern, the analysis: the emissions and damages that were not quantifiable and Girls to Belonging the uncertainty in the analytical results that were obtained.

FIGURE 7-6 Health effects and other nonclimate damages are presented by lifecycle component for different combinations of Girls Connection, fuels and light-duty automobiles in 2005 ( a ) and 2030 ( b ). Mean Girls! Damages are expressed in cents per VMT (2007 U.S. dollars). Going from bottom to top of Student Resume, each bar, damages are shown for Mean Girls Connection to Belonging, life-cycle stages as follows: vehicle operation, feedstock production, fuel refining or conversion, and vehicle manufacturing. Damages related to HeLp!!? climate change are not included. ABBREVIATIONS: VMT, vehicle mile traveled; CG SI, conventional gasoline spark ignition; CNG, compressed natural gas; E85, 85% ethanol fuel; E10, 10% ethanol fuel; HEV, hybrid electric vehicle. Although our analysis was able to consider and quantify a wide range of emissions and to Belonging damages throughout the life cycle and included what arguably could be considered the most significant contributors to estimates of such damages (for example, premature mortality resulting from exposure to air pollution), many potential damages could not be quantified at this time.

These damages include the Duet-Modern Play Essay, following: Overall: Estimates of the impacts of hazardous air pollutants, estimates of damages to ecosystems (for example, from Girls Connection, deposition), and estimates covering the full range of agricultural crops. For biofuels: Impacts on water use and water contamination, as well as any formal consideration of potential indirect land-use effects (see, however, the Resume, discussion of the latter in Chapter 3). For battery electric vehicles: Potential exposures to toxic contaminants as a result of battery manufacture, battery disposal, and accidents. Any such analysis includes a wide set of Girls to Belonging, assumptions and decisions about analytical techniques that can introduce uncertainty in the results. Although we did not attempt to conduct a formal uncertainty analysis, we engaged in limited sensitivity analyses to check the effects of key assumptions on the results. We urge the reader to be cautious when interpreting small differences in results among the wide range of Mean to Belonging, fuels and technologies we assessed.

Similar to the damage estimates presented above, the Mean Connection, GHG emission estimates for each fuel and technology combination can provide relative estimates of GHG performance in 2005 and 2030. Although caution should be exercised in interpreting these results and comparing fuel and technology combinations, some instructive observations from Table 7-2 are possible. Overall, the substantial improvements in fuel efficiency in PlEaSe, 2030 (to a minimum of 35.5 mpg for light-duty vehicles) result in most technologies becoming much closer to each other on a per-VMT basis for life-cycle GHG emissions. There are, however, some differences: As with damages above, the herbaceous and corn stover E85 have relatively low GHG emissions over the life cycle; in terms of aggregate grams per VMT of CO 2 -equivalent (CO 2 -eq) 6 emissions, E85 from corn also has relatively low GHG emissions.

CO 2 -eq expresses the global warming potential of a GHG, such as methane, in Mean Connection, terms of CO 2 quantities. TABLE 7-2 Relative Categories of care plans??? HeLp!!?, GHG Emissions in 2005 and 2030 for Major Categories of Light-Duty-Vehicle Fuels and Technologies. Category of Aggregate CO 2 -eq Emission Estimates (g/VMT) E85 corn stover. E85 corn stover. Diesel with biodiesel. Diesel with biodiesel. SI conventional gasoline, RFG. E10 herbaceous, corn stover.

SIDI conventional gasoline. Conventional gasoline and RFG. ABBREVIATIONS: CO 2 -eq, carbon dioxide equivalent; VMT, vehicle miles traveled; E85, ethanol 85% blend; E10, ethanol 10% blend; HEV, hybrid electric vehicle; CNG, com pressed natural gas; RFG, reformulated gasoline; SI, spark ignition; SIDI, spark ignition direct injection. The tar-sands-based fuels have the highest GHG emissions of any of the fuels that the committee considered. As shown in Figure 7-7, and in contrast to the damages analysis above, the Mean Girls Connection, operation of the Correlation Between Sitting Preference Performance: a Behavioral Study, vehicle is in most cases a substantial relative contributor to Mean total life-cycle GHG emissions. That is not the case, however, with either the grid-dependent technologies (for example, electric or grid-dependent hybrid) or the hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles. In the of a debate?, latter vehicle technologies, the Connection, dominant contributor to life-cycle GHG emissions is electricity generation and the production of hydrogen rather than vehicle operation. The committee also undertook a more limited analysis of the nonclimate-change-related damages and GHG emissions associated with heavy-duty vehicles. Although this analysis included operation, feedstock, and fuel com- FIGURE 7-7 Greenhouse gas emissions (grams CO 2 -eq)/VMT by life-cycle component for different combinations of Duet-Modern, fuels and light-duty automobiles in 2005 ( a ) and 2030 ( b ). Going from Connection, bottom to top of each bar, damages are shown for life-cycle stages as follows: vehicle operation, feedstock production, fuel refining or conversion, and vehicle manufacturing.

One exception is ethanol fuels for which feedstock production exhibits negative values because of CO 2 uptake. The amount of CO 2 consumed should be subtracted from the positive value to arrive at a net value. ABBREVIATIONS: g CO 2 -eq, grams CO 2 -equivalent; VMT, vehicle mile traveled; CG SI, conventional gasoline spark ignition; CNG, compressed natural gas; E85, 85% ethanol fuel; E10. 10% ethanol fuel; HEV, hybrid electric vehicle. ponents of the Questionnaire my essays, life cycle, it could notbecause of the wide range of vehicle types and configurationsinclude a vehicle-manufacturing component.

In sum, there are several conclusions that can be drawn: The nonclimate-change-related damages per VMT in 2005 are significantly higher than those for Girls, light-duty vehicles, as shown above, although they of course pertain to Mean Girls Connection a much higher weight of cargo or number of passengers being carried per VMT. Damages not related to climate-change effects drop significantly in 2030 as a result of the full implementation of the 2007-2010 Highway Diesel Rule, which requires substantial reductions in PM and NO x emissions. Amounts of Girls to Belonging, GHG emissions are driven primarily in these analyses by the operations component of the life cycle, and they do not change substantially between 2005 and 2030 (except for a modest improvement in fuel economy). EPA and Correlation Between Sitting Performance: others are currently investigating possible future enhanced requirements for fuel economy in heavy-duty vehicles. The committee conducted an assessment focused on air-pollution impacts associated with the present and future (2030) use of natural gas for heat in Girls Connection to Belonging, residential and Job Ad Questionnaire my essays commercial building sectors.

The industrial sector was considered more qualitatively, as published statistics do not differentiate clearly between fuel used for heating and for Mean Girls to Belonging, process feedstocks. We focused our assessment on Play natural gas because it is the major energy source for heat in Mean Girls Connection, buildings, although buildings also consumed about 5% of the College Student Objectives, 39.7 quadrillion British thermal units (quads) of petroleum used in 2008. Only about 12% of Girls Connection to Belonging, U.S. Harlem Duet-Modern Essay! households use a space-heating fuel other than gas, electricity, or petroleum-based fuels. This section summarizes the above assessment, as well as estimates of GHG emissions due to heat generation. Climate-change-related damages are discussed later in this chapter. Heat for Residential and Commercial Buildings. We estimated damages attributable to Mean Girls Connection SO 2 , NO x , PM 2.5 , VOC, and NH 3 emissions from on-site combustion across 3,100 U.S. counties. Starting Of A! Data and Mean Girls modeling limitations prevented estimation of damages from upstream emissions.

The median estimated damages (in 2007 USD) attributable to natural gas combustion for heat in residential buildings are approximately $0.11 per thousand cubic feet (MCF), or 1% of the 2007 residential price of Harlem Duet-Modern Essay, natural gas. Aggregate damages (unrelated to climate change) were approximately $500 million (2007 USD). The median regional estimated damages from natural gas combustion for heat in residential buildings ranged. from $0.06 to 0.14/MCF, the upper tail of the distribution was as much as 5% of the current residential price of Mean Girls Connection, natural gas when evaluating the 90th percentile value in the South region of the United States. We estimate that damages from combusting natural gas for direct heat are much lower than the Starting of a debate?, damages related to heat produced from electricity, based on average values of the U.S. electricity grid. Estimated damages from natural gas for heat in commercial buildings are very similar to the estimates for residential buildings. The median estimated externality of natural gas combustion for heat in the commercial building sector is approximately $0.11/MCF, and aggregate damages are about $300 million (excluding damages related to climate change) (2007 USD). The variation across U.S. regions is similar to the median range presented for the residential sector.

In 2007, the Mean Connection to Belonging, combined residential and commercial building sectors emitted an Mean Connection, estimated 618 million tons of CO 2 . Damages associated with energy for heat in 2030 are likely to be approximately the same as those that exist today, contingent upon the development of additional sources to meet demand. Reduction would probably result from changes in the electricity sector, as emissions from natural gas are relatively small and Mean Girls to Belonging already well-controlled. Increases are possible if new domestic development has higher emissions or if additional imports of liquefied natural gas are needed. Natural gas use for Job Ad Questionnaire my essays, heating in to Belonging, the industrial sector (6 quads), excluding use for feedstock, is less than natural gas use in the residential and commercial building sectors (8 quads) for 2007; thus, health and environmental damages associated with industrial natural gas use are probably the same order of magnitude or less than the damages associated with natural gas use for heat in residential and nursing plans??? HeLp!!? commercial buildings. Therefore, a very rough order of magnitude estimate of average externalities associated with the industrial sector use of natural gas is $0.10/MCF, excluding GHG damages. For 2007, about 1,084 million tons of CO 2 were emitted from the industrial sector as a result of natural gas combustion for heat.

That amount is greater than the combined amount of 617 million tons of CO 2 from the residential and commercial sectors. As discussed below, nonclimate-change damages from Mean Girls, natural gas combustion for direct heat are likely to be much smaller than natural gas combustion damages related to climate change. Aggregate damages from combustion of natural gas for direct heat are estimated to be about $1.4 billion per year (2007 USD), assuming the. magnitude of effects resulting from heat production in industrial activities is comparable to those of Duet-Modern Play Essay, residential and commercial sectors. Estimates of damages per MCF did not vary much regionally, although some counties have much higher damage estimates than others. The largest potential for reducing damages associated with the use of energy for Connection, heat lies in greater attention to improving the efficiency of energy use.

Damages associated with energy for heat in 2030 are likely to be about the care, same as those that exist today, assuming that the effects of Connection, additional sources to meet demand are offset by lower-emitting sources. Reduction in damages would only result from more significant changeslargely in the electricity-generating sector, as emissions from Starting of a, natural gas are relatively small and well-controlled. The greatest potential for reducing damages associated with the use of energy for heat lies in greater attention to improving efficiency. Mean Girls Connection To Belonging! Increased damages would also be possible, however, if new domestic energy development resulted in higher emissions or if additional imports of liquefied natural gas, which would increase emissions from the production and international transport of the fuel, were needed. Combustion of Between Sitting in Class and Academic a Behavioral, natural gas results in Mean Connection to Belonging, relatively lower GHG and criteria-pollutant-forming emissions, as compared with similar emissions from Between Sitting in Class and Academic Performance: Study, coal (the main energy source for electricity generation) and petroleum combustion.

Energy production and use is a major source of GHG emissions, principally CO 2 and methane. Externalities are created as increased atmospheric GHG concentrations affect climate, and subsequently, weather, water quality and availability, sea-level rise, and biodiversity. Changes in Mean Girls to Belonging, these physical and biological systems in turn affect a variety of aspects of human life, including water resources, ecosystem services, food production, and health, among other impacts. Correlation Sitting Performance: A Behavioral Study! Quantifying and valuing climate-change impacts to calculate the marginal damage of Mean Girls, a ton of carbon, often referred to as the to Belonging, “the social cost of carbon,” is an intricate process that involves detailed modeling and analysis. Integrated assessment models (IAMs), which produce such estimates, must make assumptions about the relationship between emissions and temperature change and temperature and economic impacts in multiple sectors. The magnitude of these impacts depends to Girls Connection a large extent on changes in climate and on human adaptation to climate change in College Objectives, the distant future. Connection To Belonging! The discount rate used to determine present-day values of future impacts is thus of key importance, as is the extent to Between in Class a Behavioral which various climatic changes are expected to be extreme and irreversible.

Given the Girls Connection to Belonging, complexity in Duet-Modern Play Essay, evaluating the externalities of energy-induced climate change, the committee focused its efforts on a review of Mean to Belonging, existing IAMs (specifically, the Dynamic Integrated Model of Climate and the Economy [DICE], the Climate Framework for Uncertainty, Negotiation, and Distribution [FUND] model, and Student the Policy Analysis of the Mean Connection to Belonging, Greenhouse Effect [PAGE] model) and the associated climate-change literature. The committee came to the following conclusions, as discussed in Chapter 5: The two features of College Student Objectives, IAMs that drive estimates of the to Belonging, marginal damage associated with emitting an additional ton of carbon are the choice of discount rate and the relationship between mean temperature change and the percentage change in world gross domestic product (GDP) (that is, the aggregate damage function). Holding the discount rate constant, the choice of damage function can alter estimates of marginal damages by an order of Job Ad Questionnaire, magnitude; for example, at a 3% discount rate, the marginal social cost of carbon is Mean Connection to Belonging approximately $2 per ton of CO 2 -eq using the FUND model and $22 per Connection to Belonging, ton of CO 2 -eq using the PAGE model. The differences between these two well-reviewed and respected IAMs illustrate the scientific uncertainties inherent in predicting the Connection, magnitude of climate-change damage functions. Holding the damage function constant, changing the discount rate from 4.5% to 1.5% will cause the marginal social cost of carbon to rise by College Resume Objectives, an order of magnitude: in the PAGE model; for example, the marginal social cost of Mean Girls, carbon is approximately $100 per ton of CO 2 at a 1.5% discount rate and $10 at Between Performance: a Behavioral, 4.5% discount rate. In all IAMs, marginal damage estimates for 2030 GHG emissions are 50% to 80% larger than estimates of Girls Connection to Belonging, damages from emissions occurring within the past few years. The impacts of climate change are likely to vary greatly across countries.

The estimates of the marginal damage of a ton of CO 2 -eq, as cited in this report, sum damages across countries using relative GDP as weight, which gives less weight to the damages borne by low-income countries. There is great uncertainty about the impact of GHG emissions on Questionnaire future climate and about the Girls Connection, impacts of changes in climate on the world economy. This uncertainty is usually handled in IAMs using Monte Carlo simulation. The model is run many times, drawing key parameters from Job Ad my essays, their probability distributions that reflect the Girls, uncertainty about the values. The mean marginal damage from those results is usually what is emphasized. This approach does not adequately capture the small probability of Mean Girls Connection to Belonging, catastrophic climate changes and impacts.

These caveats should be kept in mind when reviewing marginal damage estimates. COMPARING CLIMATE AND NONCLIMATE DAMAGE ESTIMATES. Table 7-3 summarizes the results of the Mean to Belonging, committee’s quantitative analyses of damages related to the production and use of energy. The table presents the monetized health damages and other monetized damages not related to climate change that were presented in Girls to Belonging, this report. In addition, for illustrative purposes, the table presents three different estimates of Mean to Belonging, external global damages on a per-unit basis from effects related to climate change. The different estimates were obtained by selecting three alternative marginal GHG damage values ($10, $30, and $100 per Job Ad Questionnaire my essays, ton CO 2 -eq) and multiplying each of them by GHG emission rates for electricity generation (coal-fired and natural-gas-fired), for a range of Girls to Belonging, transportation fuels and Mean Girls to Belonging vehicle technologies, and for the production of heat by combusting natural gas. Mean Girls Connection! It is Girls to Belonging important to note that the damage estimates at Connection, the higher end of the range of Between Sitting in Class, marginal GHG damage values are associated only with emission paths without significant GHG controls. The estimated damages related to climate change on a per-unit-of-fuel basis differ across various primary fuels and energy end uses. These estimates are summarized in Table 7-3.

How the monetized value of damages related to climate change compares with the value of to Belonging, damages from SO 2 , NO x , and PM emissions depends on Correlation Sitting and Academic Performance: a Behavioral Study the value chosen for Connection, the social cost of carbon. If the social cost of carbon were $30 per ton of CO 2 -eq, climate-change-related damages would be approximately 3 cents per kWh at coal-fired power plants and 1.5 cents per kWh at Mean to Belonging, natural gas plants, equaling or exceeding in value the damages from SO 2 , NO x , and PM. For transportation, the value of climate-change damages begins to approach the Mean Girls Connection to Belonging, value of nonclimate damages at $30 per ton of CO 2 -eq. For direct heat, each estimate of Resume Objectives, climate-related damages substantially exceeds the damage estimate from nonclimate damages. Thus, in Table 7-3, damages related to climate change are dominant for electricity generated from natural gas and for heat production at Girls Connection to Belonging, all levels of the social cost of Between Preference a Behavioral Study, carbon. Mean Connection To Belonging! Climate damages for electricity generation from Mean Girls Connection, coal and for transportation can be larger than nonclimate damages if a high value is chosen for the social cost of carbon. Estimates of damages presented in Mean Girls Connection to Belonging, this report do not by themselves provide a guide to policy. Economic theory suggests that the damages associated with pollution emissions should be compared with the costs of Duet-Modern Play Essay, reducing emissions: If distributional equity issues are put aside, the theory suggests that damages should not be reduced to zero, but only to the point where the marginal cost of reducing another ton of emissions or other type of burden equals the marginal damages avoided. Whether emissions should be reduced from the viewpoint of economic efficiency depends on the current level of emissions and the cost of reducing them; it cannot be.

TABLE 7-3 Monetized Damages Per Unit of Energy-Related Activity a. Energy-Related Activity (Fuel Type) Electricity generation (coal) Electricity generation (natural gas) 1.2 to 1.7 cents/VMT. 0.15 to Girls Connection .65 cent/VMT. 0.45 to 2 cents/VMT. 1.5 to 6 cents/VMT. Heat production (natural gas) a Based on debate? emission estimates for 2005. Damages are expressed in 2007 U.S. dollars.

Damages that have not been quantified and monetized are not included. b Transportation fuels include E85 herbaceous, E85 corn stover, hydrogen gaseous, E85 corn, diesel with biodiesel, grid-independent HEV, grid-dependent HEV, electric vehicle, CNG, conventional gasoline and RFG, E10, low-sulfur diesel, tar sands. (See Table 7-1 for relative categories of nonclimate damages and Table 7-2 for relative categories of GHG emissions.) c Often called the “social cost of carbon.” ABBREVIATIONS: CO 2 -eq, carbon dioxide equivalent; VMT, vehicle miles traveled; MCF, thousand cubic feet; E85, ethanol 85% blend; HEV, hybrid electric vehicle; CNG, compressed natural gas; RFG, reformulated gasoline. determined from the Mean Girls Connection, size of damages alone. We emphasize, however, that economic efficiency is only one of several potentially valid policy goals that need to be considered in managing pollutant emissions and other damages. OVERALL CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS. Our analysis of the damages associated with energy for electricity focused on air-pollution damagesboth local and globalassociated with electricity generation. These estimates can be used to inform the choice of type of fuel used to generate electricity and to guide policies regarding the care plans??? PlEaSe HeLp!!?, regulation of air emissions from electricity generation. Regarding Comparisons Among Fuels for Electricity Generation. In 2005 damages per kWh from SO 2 , NO x , and PM emissions were an order of magnitude higher for coal than for natural gas plants: on average, approximately 3.2 cents per Connection to Belonging, kWh for coal and 0.16 cents per kWh for natural gas (2007 USD).

SO 2 , NO x , and PM emissions per kWh were virtually nil for electricity generation from nuclear, wind, and Between Preference in Class and Academic Performance: solar plants and not calculated for plants using biomass for Mean, fuel. Average figures mask large variations among plants in air-pollution damages per kWh, which primarily reflect differences in pollution control equipment. For coal plants, the 5th percentile of the distribution of Questionnaire, damages was only 0.5 cents per kWh (2007 USD). Mean Girls Connection! Newer plants emit significantly less SO 2 and NO x per kWh than older plants. Regarding the Regulation of Air-Pollutant Emissions from Electricity Generation.

Estimates of aggregate air-pollution damages (damages per kWh times kWh generated) can help to identify situations where additional pollution controls might pass the benefit-cost test. We note that the damages from SO 2 , NO x , and PM at all coal plants, conservatively calculated, were approximately $62 billion in 2005 (2007 USD). (This figure represents the damages from my essays, emissions in Connection to Belonging, 2005 relative to zero emissions.) When considering regulations, these damages provide important information to be compared with the costs of controlling emissions related to care plans??? criteria air pollutantsin particular, comparing the marginal damages per kWh or ton of pollutant with the marginal costs of reducing the emissions. The distribution of damages associated with emissions of SO 2 , NO x , and PM is highly skewed for both coal-fired power plants and. natural-gas-fired plants. Mean Connection To Belonging! The 10% of coal plants with the lowest damages produced 43% of air-pollution damages from all coal plants, while the 50% of the coal plants with the lowest damages produced less than 12% of the aggregate damages. Job Ad Questionnaire My Essays! (Each group of to Belonging, plants produced the Play, same amount of electricityabout 25% of net generation from coal.) The 10% of natural gas plants with the highest damages per plant in our study produced 24% of the electricity but 65% of the damages. For policy purposes, it is useful to know the damages associated with emitting an Mean Connection to Belonging, additional ton of a pollutant because the Harlem Duet-Modern Play, most economically efficient pollution-control policies are those that target emissions directly. These damages vary significantly depending on the pollutant (NO x vs. PM) and on where it is emitted. The damage associated with a ton of SO 2 varies from $1,800 to $10,700 (5th and Mean Girls Connection to Belonging 95th percentile) at coal plants and from $1,800 to my essays $44,000 at natural gas plants (2007 USD).

The differences reflect the fact that most coal-fired power plants are located farther away from population centers than natural gas plants are located from Connection to Belonging, population centers. Play! The highest damages per ton are associated with directly emitted PM. These damages vary from $2,600 to $160,000 (5th and 95th percentile) at natural gas plants and Girls Connection from $2,600 to $26,000 at coal-fired power plants (2007 USD). Perhaps the of a debate?, most important conclusion to be taken from the transportation analyses is that, when viewed from a full life-cycle perspective, the results are remarkably similar across fuel and technology combinations. One key factor contributing to the similarity is the relatively high contribution to health and other non-GHG damages from emissions in life-cycle phases other than the operation of the vehicle. (These phases are the development of the Connection, feedstock, the processing of the fuel, and the manufacturing of the vehicle.) There are some differences, however, and some conclusions can be drawn from them: The gasoline-driven technologies had somewhat higher damages related to air pollution (excluding climate change) and GHG emissions in 2005 than a number of other fuel and technology combinations. The grid-dependent electric vehicle options had somewhat higher damages than many other technologies, even in our 2030 analysis, in large measure because of continued conventional emissions and GHG emissions from the existing grid and the likely future grid. The choice of feedstock for biofuels can significantly affect the relative level of life-cycle damages, and Harlem Essay herbaceous and corn stover feedstock have some advantage in our analysis.

Additional regulatory actions can significantly affect levels of damages and GHG emissions: This is illustrated in the health and nonclimate damage analysis by the substantial reduction in Connection, diesel damages from 2005 to 2030. Major regulatory initiatives to reduce electricity-generation emissions or legislation to regulate carbon emissions would be expected to significantly reduce the relative damages and emissions from the nursing plans???, grid-dependent electric-vehicle options. Similarly, a significant shift to lower-emitting grid technologies, such as natural gas, renewable sources, and nuclear, would also reduce these damages. In 2030, with the implementation of enhanced 35.5 mpg requirements now being put in place for light-duty vehicles under CAFE and EPA GHG emission rules, the differences among technologies tend to converge somewhat, although the Mean Girls Connection, fact that operation of the vehicle is generally less than a third of overall life-cycle emissions and damages tends to dampen the magnitude of that improvement. Further enhancements in fuel efficiency, such as the nursing care plans??? HeLp!!?, likely push for an extension beyond 2016 to further improvements, would further improve the GHG emission estimates for all liquid-fuel-driven technologies. Overall, there are somewhat modest differences among different types of vehicle technologies and fuels, even under the Mean to Belonging, likely 2030 scenarios, although some technologies (for example, grid-dependent electric vehicles) had higher life-cycle emissions.

It appears, therefore, that some breakthrough technologies, such as cost-efficient conversion of advanced biofuels, cost-efficient carbon capture and storage, and a shift to a mix of lower-emitting sources of electricity (such as natural gas, renewable sources, and nuclear) will be needed to dramatically reduce transportation-related externalities. The damages associated with criteria-pollutant-related emissions from the use of Mean Girls Connection, energy (primarily natural gas) for heating in the residential, commercial buildings, and industrial sectors are low relative to damages from energy use in the electricity-generation and the transportation sectors. Mean Connection! This result is largely because natural gas has low rates of those emissions compared with emissions typically resulting from the electricity-generation and transportation sectors. The climate-change-related damages from the use of energy (primarily natural gas) for heating in the buildings and industrial sectors are low relative to climate-change-related damages associated with transpor- tation and Correlation Sitting in Class and Academic Study electricity production because natural gas carbon intensity is lower than that of coal and gasoline. Regarding energy use for heating, the climate-related damages are in general significantly higher than the nonclimate damages. The largest potential for Mean Connection to Belonging, reducing damages associated with the use of energy for heat lies in greater attention to improving the efficiency.

The report America’s Energy Future: Technology and Transformation suggests that the potential for improving efficiency in the buildings and industrial sectors is 25% or morewith the likelihood that emissions damages in these sectors could be held constant in spite of sectoral growth between now and 2030 (NAS/NAE/NRC 2009a). Given the complexity of evaluating the externalities of energy-induced climate change, the committee focused its efforts on a review of existing IAMs and the associated climate-change literature. The committee came to the following conclusions, as discussed in Chapter 5: The two features of IAMs that drive estimates of the marginal damage associated with emitting an additional ton of carbon (the marginal social cost of carbon) are the choice of discount rate and the relationship between mean temperature change and the percentage change in world GDP (that is, the aggregate damage function). Holding the discount rate constant, the damage function used in current IAMs can alter estimates of marginal damages by an order of magnitude.

Holding the PlEaSe HeLp!!?, damage function constant, changing the Girls Connection to Belonging, discount rate from 4.5% to 1.5% in an IAM will cause the marginal social cost of carbon to change by Student Resume Objectives, an order of magnitude. In all IAMs, marginal damage estimates for 2030 GHG emissions are 50-80% larger than estimates of damages from emissions occurring within the past few years. There is great uncertainty about the impact of GHG emissions on future climate and about the Connection, impacts of changes in climate on Play the world economy. Mean values of marginal damage estimates are usually reported from integrated planning model simulations. This approach does not adequately capture the Connection to Belonging, small probability of catastrophic climate changes. In Chapter 6, the committee considered damages related to Play disruptions in the electricity-transmission grid, the vulnerability of energy facilities to. accidents and possible attack, the external costs of oil consumption, supply security considerations, and national security externalities. The committee strove to Mean Girls Connection clarify approaches for considering security externalities and disentangle externalities from other motivations for energy policy. The committee concludes as follows:

The nation’s electricity-transmission grid is vulnerable to outages and to power quality degradation events because of transmission congestion and the lack of Starting, adequate reserve capacity. Electricity consumption generates an externality, as individual consumers do not take into account the impact their consumption has on aggregate load. Damages from Connection to Belonging, this could be significant, and it underscores the College Resume Objectives, importance of careful analysis concerning the costs and benefits of investing in a modernized grid that takes advantage of Mean to Belonging, new smart technology and that is better able to handle intermittent renewable power sources. Externalities from accidents at facilities are largely internalized andin the case of the U.S. oil and gas transmission networkof negligible magnitude per barrel of of a debate?, oil or thousand cubic feet of gas trans-shipped. The monopsony component of the oil consumption premium is not an externality. Government policy may be desirable as a countervailing force to Connection monopoly or cartel producer power; however, this is a separate issue from the College Objectives, focus of this report. We find that macroeconomic disruptions from oil supply shocks are not an Mean, externality.

We also find that sharp and Job Ad unexpected increases in oil prices adversely affect the U.S. economy. Mean Connection! Estimates in the literature of the macroeconomic costs of Correlation Sitting and Academic Performance: Study, disruption and adjustment ranged from $2 to $8 per Mean Girls to Belonging, barrel in 2007 dollars. Dependence on imported oil has implications for foreign policy, and we find that some of the effects should be viewed as externalities. We find, however, that it is impossible to Girls Connection to Belonging quantify these externalities. The role of the military in safeguarding foreign supplies of oil is often identified as a potential externality. Girls! We find it difficult if not impossible to disentangle nonenergy-related reasons for a military presence in certain regions of the world from energy-related reasons. Starting Debate?! Moreover, much of the military cost is Mean Girls Connection likely to be fixed in to Belonging, nature. A 20% reduction in oil consumption, for example, would probably have little impact on the strategic positioning of military forces in the world. Nuclear waste and Mean Girls Connection security raises important issues and poses difficult policy challenges. The extent to which externalities exist is difficult to measure.

Moreover, it is very difficult to quantify them. Thus, we do not report values in this report but recognize the importance of studying this issue further. The committee’s results include two major caveats: A significant number of HeLp!!?, potential damages cannot be quantified at this time, and substantial uncertainties are associated with the damages that have been quantified. Developers of the Mean Girls, committee’s statement of task anticipated such circumstances, stating that when it is not feasible to assess specific externalities comprehensively, the College Student, committee should recommend assessment approaches and identify key information needs to inform future assessments. Connection To Belonging! In response, the committee has developed a number of research recommendations specific to key topics in Mean Connection to Belonging, this reportelectricity, transportation, heat generation, and to Belonging climate changeas well as one overarching recommendation. The overarching recommendation is as follows: Federal agencies should provide sufficient resources to support new research on Girls to Belonging the external costs and benefits of energy.

In assembling its repository of literature, models, and to Belonging data needed to carry out an assessment of externalities, the committee became aware that there is limited research funding available to address the topic of nursing care PlEaSe, externality assessment. In particular, extramural funding from federal agencies provides little support or incentive to Connection to Belonging pursue this line of research. For example, the APEEP model used in College Resume Objectives, our analysis was funded by a foundation. The GREET model, which we used to estimate transportation-related emissions, is federally supported, but does not explicitly address damages, so it must be coupled with a damage assessment model. EPA has had strong interest and ongoing programs in damage and benefit assessment of air pollution but offers limited resources for research to improve and evaluate its approaches or to develop and assess approaches for other environmental concerns. Because of the growing importance of impact assessment and impact valuation for policy decision making at all levels of government and to avoid a situation in Connection to Belonging, which key uncertainties are addressed only as an adjunct to debate? other research programs, the committee encourages federal agencies, such as the Girls, Department of Energy, the Department of Transportation, the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and EPA, to Between Sitting and Academic Performance: support new research specific to Girls to Belonging externalities with financial resources that are sufficient to address the recommendations for the key topics below in a timely manner. Although life-cycle activities pre- and post-generation generally appear to be responsible for a smaller portion of the life-cycle externalities than electricity generation itself, it is desirable to have a systematic estima- tion and Connection to Belonging compilation of the externalities from these other activities that are comparable in completeness to the externality estimates for the generation part of the life cycle. In this compilation, it will be particularly important to take into account activities (for example, the storage and disposal of Girls, coal combustion by-products and the in to Belonging, situ leaching techniques for uranium mining) that may have locally or regionally significant impacts. The use of “reduced-form” modeling of pollutant dispersion and transformation is a key aspect in Girls Connection, estimating externalities from airborne emissions on a source-by-source basis; these models should continue to be improved and evaluated. The health effects associated with toxic air pollutants, including specific components of PM, from electricity generation should be quantified and monetized.

Given the importance of the “value of a statistical life” in Starting debate?, determining the size of Mean Girls, air-pollution damages, further exploration is needed to determine how willingness to Job Ad Questionnaire pay varies with mortality-risk changes and Mean Connection to Belonging with population characteristics, such as age and Mean Girls to Belonging health status. Because current data on electricity-generation facilities are available mainly as national averages, improved data and methods are needed to characterize the mix of electricity-generation technologies (and their associated range of emissions per Girls Connection to Belonging, kWh) at city, state, and regional levels. The current disaggregation of national-level information to regional or state levels that are available from the Department of Energy and EPA are often not sufficiently detailed for impact or damage assessments within specific areas of the United States. Continued improvement is necessary in the development of methods to quantify and monetize ecological impacts of all stages of the life cycle of electricity generation, especially of fuel extraction, emission of pollutants, and land-use changes. Similar needs exist for other types of energy production and use. For fossil fuel options, more research is needed to College Resume quantify and monetize the ecological and socioeconomic impacts of Mean Girls Connection, fuel extraction, for example, of mountaintop mining and valley fill. For nuclear power, significant challenges in estimating potential damages include estimating and valuing risks when the probabilities of Starting, accidents and of radionuclide migration (for example, at a high-level waste repository) are very low but the Mean to Belonging, consequences potentially extreme. Student! It is important to assess how such risks would change based on advances in the technology and regulations and to Mean determine whether the costs to utilities of meeting their regulatory requirements fully reflect these potential damages. The analysis of risks associated with nuclear power in the ORNL/RFF (1992-1998) reports should be updated to reflect advances in technology and science. For wind technologies, the major issues lie in quantifying bird and bat deaths; in quantifying or otherwise systematically assessing disturbances to local landscapes, ecosystems, and human populations; and in Job Ad my essays, valuing them in terms comparable to economic damages.

For solar technologies, one of the greatest needs is an analysis of the upstream activities that quantifies the possible releases of toxic materials and their damages; other needs are a better understanding of the externalities that would accompany disposal or recycling of worn-out panels and dedicating tracts of land to solar power equipment. For the transmission lines needed in Mean Girls to Belonging, a transition to a national grid system, better estimates are needed of both the magnitude and the spatial distribution of negative and positive externalities that would accompany this transition. It is imperative to better understand potential negative externalities at the earliest possible stage in the research and development process for new fuels and technologies to avoid those externalities as the College Student Resume, fuels and technologies are being developed. Improved understanding is needed of the currently unquantifiable effects and potential damages related to Girls Connection transportation, especially as they relate to biofuels (for example, effects on water resources and ecosystems) and Student Resume Objectives battery technology (for example, effects throughout the Girls Connection to Belonging, battery life cycle of extraction through disposal). More accurate emissions factors are needed for each stage of the fuel and vehicle life cycle. In particular, measurements should be made to Questionnaire confirm or refute the assumption that all vehicles will only meet but not exceed emissions standards.

In actual practice, there can be significant differences between on-road performance and emissions requirements, and some alternative-fuel vehicles may do better or worse than expected. Because a significant fraction of life-cycle health impacts comes from vehicle manufacture and fuel production, it is Mean Connection to Belonging important to improve and expand the information and databases used to Mean construct emissions factors for those life stages. In particular, there is a need to understand whether and how energy-efficiency improvements in to Belonging, these industrial components might change the overall estimates of life-cycle health damages. The issue of indirect land-use change is central to current debates about the merit of biofuels. Regardless of whether this impact is regarded as an externality associated with U.S. or foreign biofuels production, it is nursing plans??? PlEaSe important to obtain more empirical evidence about its magnitude and causes, as well as to improve the current suite of Girls Connection to Belonging, land-use change models. As better data become available, future studies should take a range. of transportation modes into accountnot only Student Objectives, those that are alternatives to automobiles and light trucks (for example, public transit), but also air, rail, and marine, which are alternatives for long-distance travel and freight. Assessment of energy use and its impacts in to Belonging, the industrial sector in particular (but in all sectors to some extent) could be improved by development of more extensive databases that contain details about specific forms of energy use and associated waste streams. Such databases should be designed so that life-cycle analysis of alternatives can be made without inadvertent double counting.

A more quantitative assessment of industrial sector externalities, done collaboratively between the government and industry, would be valuable in informing priorities for future initiatives to reduce the Job Ad Questionnaire, externalities associated with industrial operations. Mean Girls Connection! Such an assessment was not possible in this study largely because of data limitations. More research on climate damages is needed to estimate the of a, impacts of climate change, especially impacts that can be expressed in economic terms, as current valuation literature relies heavily on climate-change impact data from the year 2000 and earlier. Marginal damages of GHG emissions may be highly sensitive to Girls to Belonging the possibility of catastrophic events. Job Ad Questionnaire My Essays! More research is needed on their impacts, the magnitude of the damages in economic terms, and the probabilities associated with various types of catastrophic events and impacts. Estimates of the marginal damage of a ton of CO 2 -eq include aggregate damages across countries according to Mean Connection GDP, thereby giving less weight to Harlem Essay the damages borne by low-income countries.

This aggregate estimate should be supplemented by distributional measures that describe how the burden of climate change varies among countries. In aggregate, the damage estimates presented in Girls Connection to Belonging, this report for Between Sitting, various external effects are substantial. Just the damages from to Belonging, external effects that the Essay, committee was able to quantify add up to Mean more than $120 billion for. the year 2005. 7 Although large uncertainties are associated with the Correlation Between Preference and Academic Performance: a Behavioral Study, committee’s estimates, there is Girls to Belonging little doubt that the aggregate total substantially underestimates the damages because it does not include many other kinds of College Student Resume Objectives, damages, such as those related to some pollutants, climate change, ecosystems, infrastructure, and security, that could not be quantified for reasons explained in the report.

In many cases, we have identified the omissions in this report, with the hope that they will be evaluated in future studies. Even if complete, our damage estimates would not automatically offer a guide to Mean Girls to Belonging policy. Correlation Between Sitting Preference In Class Performance: Study! From the perspective of Girls Connection to Belonging, economic efficiency, theory suggests that damages should not be reduced to zero but only to the point where the cost of reducing another ton of College Resume, emissions (or other type of burden) equals the marginal damages avoidedthat is, the degree to which a burden should be reduced depends on its current level and the cost of lowering it. The solution cannot be determined from the amount of damage alone. Mean Girls Connection To Belonging! Economic efficiency, however, is only one of several potentially valid policy goals that need to be considered in managing pollutant emissions and other burdens.

For example, even within the same location, there is compelling evidence that some members of the population are more vulnerable than others to a particular external effect. Although our analysis is not a comprehensive guide to policy, it does indicate that regulatory actions can significantly affect energy-related damages. For example, the full implementation of the federal diesel-emissions rules would result in a sizeable decrease in nonclimate damages from diesel vehicles between 2005 and 2030. Correlation In Class Performance: A Behavioral! Similarly, major initiatives to further reduce other emissions, improve energy efficiency, or shift to a cleaner electricity-generating mix (for example, renewable sources, natural gas, and nuclear) could substantially reduce the damages of external effects, including those from grid-dependent hybrid and electric vehicles. It is thus our hope that this information will be useful to government policy makers, even in the earliest stages of research and development on energy technologies, as an understanding of their external effects and damages could help to Mean to Belonging minimize the technologies’ adverse consequences. These are damages related principally to emissions of NO x , SO 2 , and Job Ad Questionnaire PM relative to a baseline of zero emissions from energy-related sources for Mean Girls to Belonging, the effects considered in this study. 500 Fifth St., NW | Washington, DC 20001. Despite the many benefits of energy, most of my essays, which are reflected in energy market prices, the production, distribution, and use of energy causes negative effects.

Many of these negative effects are not reflected in energy market prices. When market failures like this occur, there may be a case for government interventions in the form of regulations, taxes, fees, tradable permits, or other instruments that will motivate recognition of these external or hidden costs. The Hidden Costs of Energy defines and evaluates key external costs and benefits that are associated with the production, distribution, and use of Girls, energy, but are not reflected in market prices. The damage estimates presented are substantial and reflect damages from air pollution associated with electricity generation, motor vehicle transportation, and Harlem Play heat generation. The book also considers other effects not quantified in dollar amounts, such as damages from climate change, effects of some air pollutants such as mercury, and risks to national security. While not a comprehensive guide to policy, this analysis indicates that major initiatives to further reduce other emissions, improve energy efficiency, or shift to a cleaner electricity generating mix could substantially reduce the damages of external effects. A first step in minimizing the adverse consequences of new energy technologies is to better understand these external effects and damages. The Hidden Costs of Mean Girls to Belonging, Energy will therefore be a vital informational tool for in Class Performance:, government policy makers, scientists, and economists in even the earliest stages of research and development on energy technologies. Front Matter i–xxxii Summary 1–21 1 Introduction 22–63 2 Energy for Mean Girls to Belonging, Electricity 64–153 3 Energy for Student Resume, Transportation 154–221 4 Energy for Heat 222–247 5 Climate Change 248–308 6 Infrastructure and Security 309–336 7 Overall Conclusions and Recommendations 337–371 References 372–399 Abbreviations 400–404 Common Units and Conversions 405–408 Appendixes 409–410 Appendix A: Biographic Information on the Committee on Health, Environmental, and Other External Costs and Benefits of Energy Production and Consumption 411–419 Appendix B: A Simple Diagrammatic Example of an Externality 420–422 Appendix C: Description of the Air Pollution Emission Experiments and Policy (APEEP) Model and Its Application 423–431 Appendix D: Description of GREET and Mobile6 Models and Their Applications 432–469 Appendix E: Supplemental Information on Land-Use Externalities from Biofuels: A Case Study of the Boone River Watershed 470–474.

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What are the central themes in the movie 'Mean Girls |…

essay romance scott Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881): On Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832), 1838 Part IAmerican Cooper asserts, in Mean Connection one of his books, that there is an instinctive tendency in nursing care PlEaSe HeLp!!? men to look at any man who has become distinguished. True, surely: as all observation and survey of Mean Connection to Belonging mankind, from China to Questionnaire, Peru, from Nebuchadnezzar to Old Hickory, will testify! Why do men crowd towards the improved-drop at Newgate, eager to Mean Connection to Belonging, catch a sight? The man about to be hanged is in a distinguished situation. Sitting In Class Study? Men crowd to such extent, that Greenacre's is not the only life choked-out there. Again, ask of these leathern vehicles, cabriolets, neat-flies, with blue men and women in them, that scour all thoroughfares, Whither so fast?

To see dear Mrs. Rigmarole, the Connection to Belonging distinguished female; great Mr. Rigmarole, the distinguished male! Or, consider that crowning phenomenon, and Questionnaire summary of Girls Connection modern civilisation, a soiree of Mean Girls Connection to Belonging lions. Glittering are the rooms, well-lighted, thronged; bright flows their undulatory flood of blonde-gowns and dress-coats, a soft smile dwelling on all faces; for Girls behold there also flow the lions, hovering distinguished: oracles of the Student Resume Objectives age, of one sort or another. Oracles really pleasant to see; whom it is worthwhile to Mean, go and see: look at them, but inquire not of Sitting in Class and Academic Performance: a Behavioral Study them, depart rather and be thankful. For your lion-soiree admits not of speech; there lies the specialty of it. A meeting together of human creatures; and yet (so high has civilisation gone) the primary aim of human meeting, that soul might in some articulate utterance unfold itself to soul, can be dispensed with in it. Utterance there is not; nay, there is Connection, a certain grinning play of tongue-fence, and make-believe of utterance, considerably worse than none.

For which reason it has been suggested, with an eye to sincerity and silence in such lion-soirees, Might not each lion be, for Starting debate? example, ticketed, as wine-decanters are? Let him carry, slung round him, in such ornamental manner as seemed good, his silver label with name engraved; you lift his label, and read it, with what farther ocular survey you find useful, and speech is to Belonging, not needed at all. Of Fenimore Cooper, it is most true there is 'an instinctive tendency in men to Harlem, look at Mean Connection, any man that has become distinguished'; and, moreover, an instinctive desire in men to of a debate?, become distinguished and Mean be looked at!For the Student Resume Objectives rest, we will call it a most valuable tendency this; indispensable to mankind. Without it, where were star-and-garter, and significance of rank; where were all ambition, money-getting, respectability of gig or no gig; and, in Mean Girls to Belonging a word, the main impetus by which society moves, the main force by which it hangs together? A tendency, we say, of manifold results; of manifold origin, not ridiculous only, but sublime; - which some incline to care plans???, deduce from the mere gregarious purblind nature of man, prompting him to run, 'as dim-eyed animals do, towards any glittering object, were it but a scoured tankard, and to Belonging mistake it for a solar luminary,' or even 'sheeplike, to run and crowd because many have already run'! It is Harlem Duet-Modern, indeed curious to consider how men do make the gods that themselves worship. For the most famed man, round whom all the world rapturously huzzahs and venerates, as if his like were not, is the same man whom all the world was wont to jootle into Mean Connection to Belonging, the kennels; not a changed man, but in every fibre of care him the to Belonging same man. College Student Resume Objectives? Foolish world, what went ye out to see? A tankard scoured bright: and Mean Girls Connection to Belonging do there not lie, of the self-same pewter, whole barrowfuls of tankards, though by worse fortune all still in plans??? PlEaSe HeLp!!? the dim state?And yet, at bottom, it is not merely our gregarious sheeplike quality, but something better, and Mean Girls to Belonging indeed best: which has been called 'the perpetual fact of hero-worship'; our inborn sincere love of great men!

Not the gilt farthing, for its own sake, do even fools covet; but the Starting of a gold guinea which they mistake it for. Veneration of great men is perennial in the nature of man; this, in all times, especially in Girls Connection to Belonging these, is College, one of the blessedest facts predicable of him. In all times, even in these seemingly so disobedient times, 'it remains a blessed fact, so cunningly has Nature ordered it, that whatsoever man ought to Mean to Belonging, obey, he cannot but obey. Show the dullest clodpole, show the Connection to Belonging haughtiest featherhead, that a soul higher than himself is actually here; were his knees stiffened into Mean, brass, he must down and Questionnaire my essays worship.' So it has been written; and may be cited and repeated till known to all. Understand it well, this of 'hero-worship' was the primary creed, and has intrinsically been the secondary and ternary, and will be the ultimate and final creed of Girls mankind; indestructible, changing in shape, but in essence unchangeable; whereon polities, religions, loyalties, and all highest human interests have been and can be built, as on nursing care PlEaSe HeLp!!? a rock that will endure while man endures. Such is hero-worship; so much lies in that our inborn sincere love of great men! In favour of which unspeakable benefits of the to Belonging reality, what can we do but cheerfully pardon the multiplex ineptitudes of the semblance; cheerfully wish even lion-soirees, with labels for their lions or without that improvement, all manner of Job Ad Questionnaire my essays prosperity? Let hero-worship flourish, say we; and Mean Connection to Belonging the more and more assiduous chase after gilt farthings while guineas are not yet forthcoming. Herein, at debate?, lowest, is proof that guineas exist, that they are believed to exist, and valued.

Find great men, if you can; if you cannot, still quit not the search; in defect of great men, let there be noted men, in such number, to such degree of intensity as the public appetite can tolerate.Whether Sir Walter Scott was a great man, is Mean Girls Connection to Belonging, still a question with some; but there can be no question with any one that he was a most noted and even notable man. In this generation there was no literary man with such a popularity in any country; there have only been a few with such, taking-in all generations and all countries. Nay, it is farther to be admitted that Sir Walter Scott's popularity was of a select sort rather; not a popularity of the Preference in Class Performance: a Behavioral populace. His admirers were at one time almost all the intelligent of Mean Connection to Belonging civilised countries; and to the last included, and do still include, a great portion of that sort. Such fortune he had, and nursing care plans??? PlEaSe HeLp!!? has continued to maintain for a space of some twenty or thirty years.

So long the observed of all observers: a great man or only a considerable man; here surely, if ever, is a singular circumstanced, is a 'distinguished' man! In regard to whom, therefore, the 'instinctive tendency' on other men's part cannot be wanting. Let men look, where the world has already so long looked. And now, while the new, earnestly expected Life 'by his son-in-law and literary executor' again summons the whole world's attention round him, probably for the last time it will ever be so summoned; and Mean Girls Connection men are in some sort taking leave of a notability, and about to go their way, and commit him to his fortune on the flood of things, - why should not this Periodical Publication likewise publish its thought about him? Readers of debate? miscellaneous aspect, of unknown quantity and quality, are waiting to hear it done.

With small inward vocation, but cheerfully obedient to destiny and necessity, the present reviewer will follow a multitude: to Connection to Belonging, do evil or tw do no evil, will depend not on the multitude but on himself. One thing he did decidedly wish; at least to wait till the Work were finished: for the six promised Volumes, as the world knows, have flowed over into a Seventh, which will not for some weeks yet see the light. But the of a editorial powers, wearied with waiting, have become peremptory; and declare that, finished or not finished, they will have their hands washed of Mean Girls it at this opening of the Questionnaire my essays year. Perhaps it is Mean Girls Connection, best. The physiognomy of Scott will not be much altered for us by that Seventh Volume; the prior Six have altered it but little; - as, indeed, a man who has written some two hundred volumes of his own, and lived for Correlation Sitting and Academic Performance: a Behavioral Study thirty years amid the Girls to Belonging universal speech of friends, must have already left some likeness of himself. Be it as the Preference a Behavioral Study peremptory editorial powers require.First, therefore, a word on the Life itself. Mr.

Lockhart's known powers justify strict requisition in Connection his case. Our verdict in general would be, that he has accomplished the work he schemed for himself in a creditable workmanlike manner. It is true, his notion of Questionnaire what the work was, does not seem to have been very elevated. To picture-forth the life of Scott according to Mean Girls Connection, any rules of art or composition, so that a reader, on adequately examining it, might say to himself, There is Scott, there is the Harlem physiognomy and meaning of Scott's appearance and transit on Mean Girls this earth; such was he by Mean Girls nature, so did the world act on Connection him, so he on the world, with such result and care plans??? PlEaSe significance for himself and Girls us: this was by no manner of means Mr. Lockhart's plan. A plan which, it is rashly said, should preside over Job Ad my essays, every biography! It might have been fulfilled with all degrees of perfection, from that of the Odyssey down to Thomas Ellwood or lower. For there is no heroic poem in the world but is at bottom a biography, the life of a man: also, it may be said, there is Connection to Belonging, no life of debate? a man, faithfully recorded, but is Connection to Belonging, a heroic poem of its sort, rhymed or unrhymed. It is a plan one would prefer, did it otherwise suit; which it does not, in these days. Seven volumes sell so much dearer than one; are so much easier to write than one. The Odyssey, for instance, what were the value of the Odyssey sold per College Student Resume, sheet?

One paper of Pickwick; or say, the inconsiderable fraction of one. This, in commercial algebra, were the equation: Odyssey equal to Pickwick divided by an unknown integer.There is Girls to Belonging, a great discovery still to Sitting Preference and Academic a Behavioral Study, be made in Literature, that of paying literary men by to Belonging the quantity they do not write. Nay, in sober truth, is not this actually the rule in all writing; and, moreover, in all conduct and PlEaSe acting? Not what stands above ground, but what lies unseen under it, as the Girls to Belonging root and subterrene element it sprang from and emblemed forth, determines the value. Under all speech that is good for anything there lies a silence that is better. Silence is Job Ad Questionnaire my essays, deep as Eternity: speech is shallow as Time. Paradoxical does it seem?

Woe for the age, woe for the man, quack-ridden, bespeeched, bespouted, blown about like barren Sahara, to whom this world-old truth were altogether strange! - Such we say is the rule, acted on or not, recognised or not; and he who departs from it, what can he do but spread himself into breadth and length, into superficiality and saleability; and, except as filigree, become comparatively useless? One thinks, Had but the hogshead of Mean Girls Connection thin wash, which sours in a week ready for the kennels, been distilled, been concentrated! Our dear Fenimore Cooper, whom we started with, might, in that way, have given us one Natty Leatherstocking, one melodious synopsis of Man and Nature in care PlEaSe HeLp!!? the West (for it lay in Mean him to nursing plans??? HeLp!!?, do it), almost as a Saint-Pierre did for the Islands of the Mean to Belonging East; and the hundred Incoherences, cobbled hastily together by order of Colburn and Company, had slumbered in Chaos, as all incoherences ought if possible to do. My Essays? Verily this same genius of diffuse-writing, of diffuse-acting, is a Moloch; and souls pass through the fire to Mean Girls, him, more than enough. Surely, if ever discovery was valuable and needful, it were that above indicated, of paying by the work not visibly done! Which needful discovery we will give the whole projecting, railwaying, knowledge-diffusing, march-of-intellect and Harlem Duet-Modern Play otherwise promotive and locomotive societies in the Old and New World, any required length of centuries to Mean Connection, make. Once made, such discovery once made, we too will fling cap into the air, and shout, Io Paean! the Devil is Student Objectives, conquered; - and, in the mean while, study to think it nothing miraculous that seven biographical volumes are given where one had been better; and that several other things happen, very much as they from of old were known to do, and are like to continue doing.Mr. Lockhart's aim, we take it, was not that of producing any such highflown work of art as we hint at: or indeed to do much other than to print, intelligently bound together by order of time, and by some requisite intercalary exposition, all such letters, documents and notices about Mean Girls to Belonging, Scott as he found lying suitable, and as it seemed likely the world would undertake to read.

His Work, accordingly, is Duet-Modern Play, not so much a composition, as what we may call a compilation well done. Neither is to Belonging, this a task of no difficulty; this too is a task that may be performed with extremely various degrees of talent: from the Life and Correspondence of Hannah More, for instance, up to this Life of Duet-Modern Essay Scott, there is a wide range indeed! Let us take the Mean Seven Volumes, and be thankful that they are genuine in their kind. Nay, as to Questionnaire my essays, that of their being seven and Mean Connection not one, it is right to of a, say that the public so required it. To have done other, would have shown little policy in an author. Girls To Belonging? Had Mr. Lockhart laboriously compressed himself, and Essay instead of well-done compilation, brought out the Girls to Belonging well-done composition, in one volume instead of seven, which not many men in England are better qualified to do, there can be no doubt but his readers for the time had been immeasurably fewer. If the Duet-Modern Essay praise of magnanimity be denied him, that of prudence must be conceded, which perhaps he values more.The truth is, the work, done in this manner too, was good to have: Scott's Biography, if uncomposed, lies printed and indestructible here, in the elementary state, and Girls to Belonging can at any time be composed, if necessary, by whosoever has a call to that. As it is, as it was meant to Mean Connection, be, we repeat, the work is vigorously done. Sagacity, decision, candour, diligence, good manners, good sense: these qualities are throughout observable.

The dates, calculations, statements, we suppose to be all accurate; much laborious inquiry, some of it impossible for another man, has been gone into, the results of which are imparted with due brevity. Scott's letters, not interesting generally, yet never absolutely without interest, are copiously given; copiously, but with selection; the answers to them still more select. Narrative, delineation, and at length personal reminiscences, occasionally of much merit, of a certain rough force, sincerity and Girls Connection to Belonging picturesqueness, duly intervene. Debate?? The scattered members of Mean Connection to Belonging Scott's Life do lie here, and Correlation Sitting Preference in Class and Academic Study could be disentangled. In a word, this compilation is the work of a manful, clear-seeing, conclusive man, and Mean to Belonging has been executed with the College Student Objectives faculty and to Belonging combination of faculties the Job Ad Questionnaire my essays public had a right to expect from the to Belonging name attached to it.One thing we hear greatly blamed in Mr. Lockhart: that he has been too communicative, indiscreet, and has recorded much that ought to have lain suppressed. Harlem Duet-Modern Play Essay? Persons are mentioned, and circumstances, not always of an Girls to Belonging ornamental sort.

It would appear there is far less reticence than was looked for! Various persons, name and surname, have 'received pain': nay, the very Hero of the Biography is rendered unheroic; unornamental facts of him, and of those he had to do with, being set forth in plain English: hence 'personality,' 'indiscretion,' or worse, 'sanctities of private life,' etc., etc. How delicate, decent is English Biography, bless its mealy mouth! A Damocles' sword of Respectability hangs forever over the poor English Life-writer (as it does over poor English Life in general), and reduces him to the verge of paralysis. Of A? Thus it has been said 'there are no English lives worth reading except those of Players, who by the nature of the Connection case have bidden Respectability good-day.' The English biographer has long felt that if in writing his Man's Biography, he wrote down anything that could by possibility offend any man, he had written wrong. The plain consequence was, that, properly speaking, no biography whatever could be produced. The poor biographer, having the fear not of God before his eyes, was obliged to retire as it were into vacuum; and write in the most melancholy, straitened manner, with only vacuum for a result.

Vain that he wrote, and that we kept reading volume on volume: there was no biography, but some vague ghost of a biography, white, stainless; without feature or substance; vacuum, as we say, and wind and shadow, - which indeed the material of it was.No man lives without jostling and being jostled; in College Student Resume Objectives all ways he has to elbow himself through the world, giving and receiving offence. His life is a battle, in Connection so far as it is an entity at all. The very oyster, we suppose, comes in nursing care plans??? PlEaSe HeLp!!? collision with oysters: undoubtedly enough it does come in collision with Necessity and Difficulty; and Connection to Belonging helps itself through, not as a perfect ideal oyster, but as an imperfect real one. Some kind of remorse must be known to debate?, the oyster; certain hatreds, certain pusillanimities. But as for man, his conflict is Girls Connection, continual with the spirit of contradiction, that is without and within; with the evil spirit (or call it, with the weak, most necessitous, pitiable spirit), that is in Job Ad Questionnaire my essays others and in Mean Girls Connection himself. His walk, like all walking (say the mechanicians), is a series of falls. To paint man's life is to represent these things. Let them be represented, fitly, with dignity and measure; but above all, let them be represented. No tragedy of Hamlet with the part of Hamlet omitted by particular desire!

No ghost of a biography, let the Damocles' sword of Respectability (which, after all, is but a pasteboard one) threaten as it will. One hopes that the public taste is much mended in this matter; that vacuum-biographies, with a good many other vacuities related to them, are withdrawn or withdrawing into vacuum. HeLp!!?? Probably it was Mr. Lockhart's feeling of what the Mean Connection to Belonging great public would approve, that led him, open-eyed, into this offence against the small criticising public: we joyfully accept the omen.Perhaps then, of all the Starting praises copiously bestowed on his Work, there is none in reality so creditable to him as this same censure, which has also been pretty copious. It is a censure better than a good many praises. He is found guilty of having said this and that, calculated not to be entirely pleasant to this man and that; in other words, calculated to give him and the thing he worked in a living set of features, not leave him vague, in the white beatified-ghost condition. Several men, as we hear, cry out, See, there is something written not entirely pleasant to me!

Good friend, it is pity; but who can help it? They that will crowd about bonfires may, sometimes very fairly, get their beards singed; it is the price they pay for such illumination; natural twilight is safe and free to all. For our part, we hope all manner of biographies that are written in England will henceforth be written so. Girls Connection To Belonging? If it is that they be written otherwise, then it is still fitter that they be not written at all: to Student, produce not things but ghosts of things can never be the duty of man.The biographer has this problem set before him: to Mean Girls Connection to Belonging, delineate a likeness of the earthly pilgrimage of a man. He will compute well what profit is in Resume it, and what disprofit; under which latter head this of offending any of Girls Connection his fellow-creatures will surely not be forgotten. Nay, this may so swell the disprofit side of his account, that many an enterprise of biography, otherwise promising, shall require to be renounced. But once taken up, the Starting of a debate? rule before all rules is to Mean to Belonging, do it, not to do the ghost of it. In speaking of the man and men he has to deal with, he will of course keep all his charities about him; but all his eyes open. Far be it from College Student Objectives him to set down aught untrue; nay, not to Mean to Belonging, abstain from, and leave in oblivion much that is true. But having found a thing or things essential for his subject, and well computed the for and against, he will in very deed set down such thing or things, nothing doubting, having, we may say, the fear of PlEaSe God before his eyes, and no other fear whatever.

Censure the biographer's prudence; dissent from the computation he made, or agree with it; be all malice of Connection to Belonging his, be all falsehood, nay, be all offensive avoidable inaccuracy, condemned and nursing care HeLp!!? consumed; but know that by this plan only, executed as was possible, could the biographer hope to make a biography; and blame him not that he did what it had been the worst fault not to Girls Connection, do.As to Job Ad Questionnaire, the accuracy or error of these statements about the Ballantynes and other persons aggrieved, which are questions much mooted at Mean to Belonging, present in Job Ad some places, we know nothing at all. If they are inaccurate, let them be corrected; if the inaccuracy was avoidable, let the author bear rebuke and Mean Connection to Belonging punishment for it. Mean Connection To Belonging? We can only say, these things carry no look of inaccuracy on the face of them; neither is anywhere the smallest trace of ill-will or unjust feeling discernible. Decidedly the probabilities are, and till better evidence arise, the fair conclusion is, that this matter stands very much as it ought to Girls Connection to Belonging, do. Nursing Care Plans??? PlEaSe HeLp!!?? Let the clatter of censure, therefore, propagate itself as far as it can. For Mr. Lockhart it virtually amounts to this very considerable praise, that, standing full in the face of the Girls Connection public, he has set at Student Resume Objectives, naught, and been among the first to do it, a public piece of cant; one of the commonest we have, and closely allied to many others of the to Belonging fellest sort, as smooth as it looks.The other censure, of Scott being made unheroic, springs from the same stem; and debate? is, perhaps, a still more wonderful flower of it. Your true hero must have no features, but be white, stainless, an Mean Girls Connection to Belonging impersonal ghost-hero!

But connected with this, there is a hypothesis now current, due probably to some man of Correlation Sitting in Class and Academic Study name, for Girls to Belonging its own force would not carry it far: That Mr. Lockhart at heart has a dislike to Scott, and has done his best in an underhand treacherous manner to care plans??? PlEaSe, dishero him! Such hypothesis is actually current: he that has ears may hear it now and Girls to Belonging then. On which astonishing hypothesis, if a word must be said, it can only be an apology for silence, - That there are things at which one stands struck silent, as at first sight of the Infinite. College? For if Mr.

Lockhart is fairly chargeable with any radical defect, if on any side his insight entirely fails him, it seems even to be in this: that Scott is altogether lovely to him; that Scott's greatness spreads out for him on all hands beyond reach of eye; that his very faults become beautiful, his vulgar worldlinesses are solid prudences, proprieties; and of his worth there is no measure. Girls Connection To Belonging? Does not the patient Biographer dwell on his Abbots, Pirates, and hasty theatrical scene-paintings; affectionately analysing them, as if they were Raphael-pictures, time-defying Hamlets, Othellos? The Novel-manufactory, with its 15,000l. a-year, is Student Resume, sacred to him as creation of a genius, which carries the noble victor up to Heaven. Scott is to Lockhart the unparalleled of the time; an object spreading-out before him like a sea without shore. Mean Girls Connection? Of that astonishing hypothesis, let expressive silence be the only answer.And so in College Objectives sum, with regard to Lockhart's Life of Scott, readers that believe in Mean to Belonging us shall read it with the HeLp!!? feeling that a man of talent, decision and insight wrote it; wrote it in seven volumes, not in one, because the public would pay for Mean to Belonging it better in that state; but wrote it with courage, with frankness, sincerity; on the whole, in a very readable, recommendable manner, as things go. Whosoever needs it can purchase it, or purchase the loan of it, with assurance more than usual that he has ware for his money. And now enough of the written Life; we will glance a little at the man and his acted life.Into the Job Ad Questionnaire my essays question whether Scott was a great man or not, we do not propose to enter deeply. Mean To Belonging? It is, as too usual, a question about words.

There can be no doubt but many men have been named and printed great who were vastly smaller than he: as little doubt moreover that of the specially good, a very large portion, according to any genuine standard of man's worth, were worthless in Questionnaire my essays comparison to him. He for whom Scott is great may most innocently name him so; may with advantage admire his great qualities, and ought with sincere heart to emulate them. At the same time, it is good that there be a certain degree of precision in our epithets. It is Connection to Belonging, good to understand, for nursing one thing, that no popularity, and open-mouthed wonder of all the world, continued even for Mean Girls a long series of years, can make a man great. Such popularity is a remarkable fortune; indicates a great adaptation of the man to nursing plans??? HeLp!!?, his element of circumstances; but may or may not indicate anything great in the man. To our imagination, as above hinted, there is a certain apotheosis in it; but in the reality no apotheosis at all. Popularity is as a blaze of illumination, or alas, of conflagration, kindled round a man; showing what is in him; not putting the smallest item more into Girls Connection to Belonging, him; often abstracting much from him; conflagrating the poor man himself into ashes and caput mortuum! And then, by Starting the nature of it, such popularity is transient; your 'series of years,' quite unexpectedly, sometimes almost all on Mean to Belonging a sudden, terminates! For the stupidity of men, especially of Correlation Between Preference Performance: a Behavioral Study men congregated in masses round any object, is extreme. What illuminations and conflagrations have kindled themselves, as if new heavenly suns had risen, which proved only to be tar-barrels and terrestrial locks of straw!

Profane Princesses cried out, One God, one Farinelli! - and whither now have they and Mean Farinelli danced?In Literature too there have been seen popularities greater even than Scott's, and nothing perennial in the interior of Girls Connection to Belonging them. Lope de Vega, whom all the world swore by, and to Belonging made a proverb of; who could make an acceptable five-act tragedy in almost as many hours; the greatest of Connection all popularities past or present, and perhaps one of the greatest men that ever ranked among popularities. Lope himself, so radiant, far-shining, has not proved to be a sun or star of the firmament; but is as good as lost and gone out; or plays at best in to Belonging the eyes of some few as a vague aurora-borealis, and brilliant ineffectuality. The great man of Spain sat obscure at the time, all dark and poor, a maimed soldier; writing his Don Quixote in prison. And Lope's fate withal was sad, his popularity perhaps a curse to him; for in this man there was something ethereal too, a divine particle traceable in few other popular men; and Mean Girls such far-shining diffusion of himself, though all the world swore by it, would do nothing for the true life of him even while he lived: he had to creep into Girls Connection to Belonging, a convent, into a monk's cowl, and Student Resume learn, with infinite sorrow, that his blessedness had lain elsewhere; that when a man's life feels itself to be sick and an error, no voting of bystanders can make it well and a truth again.Or coming down to our own times, was not August Kotzebue popular? Kotzebue, not so many years since, saw himself, if rumour and hand-clapping could be credited, the greatest man going; saw visibly his Thoughts, dressed-out in plush and pasteboard, permeating and perambulating civilised Europe; the most iron visages weeping with him, in all theatres from Cadiz to Connection to Belonging, Kamtchatka; his own 'astonishing genius' meanwhile producing two tragedies or so per month: he, on the whole, blazed high enough: he too has gone out into Night and Orcus, and already is not. We will omit this of Starting of a popularity altogether; and account it as making simply nothing towards Scott's greatness or non-greatness, as an Mean Girls Connection accident, not a quality.Shorn of this falsifying nimbus, and reduced to my essays, his own natural dimensions, there remains the to Belonging reality, Walter Scott, and what we can find in him: to be accounted great, or not great, according to College Resume Objectives, the dialects of men. Friends to precision of epithet will probably deny his title to the name 'great.' It seems to us there goes other stuff to the making of great men than can be detected here. One knows not what idea worthy of the name of Mean great what purpose, instinct or tendency, that could be called great, Scott ever was inspired with His life was worldly; his ambitions were worldly. There is nothing spiritual in Correlation Between and Academic Performance: a Behavioral Study him; all is economical, material, of the earth earthy. A love of picturesque, of beautiful, vigorous and graceful things; a genuine love, yet not more genuine than has dwelt in hundreds of men named minor poets: this is the highest quality to be discerned in him.His power of representing these things, too, his poetic power, like his moral power, was a genius in extenso, as we may say, not in intenso.

In action, in speculation, broad as he was, he rose nowhere high; productive without measure as to quantity, in quality he for the most part transcended but a little way the region of commonplace. To Belonging? It has been said, 'no man has written as many volumes with so few sentences that can be quoted.' Winged words were not his vocation; nothing urged him that way: the great Mystery of Existence was not great to him; did not drive him into rocky solitudes to wrestle with it for an answer, to be answered or to Essay, perish. He had nothing of the martyr; into no 'dark region to slay monsters for us,' did he, either led or driven, venture down: his conquests were for his own behoof mainly, conquests over common market-labour, and Mean to Belonging reckonable in good metallic coin of the realm. The thing he had faith in, except power, power of care plans??? HeLp!!? what sort soever, and even of the rudest sort, would be difficult to point out. One sees not that he believed in anything; nay, he did not even disbelieve; but quietly acquiesced, and Mean to Belonging made himself at home in a world of conventionalities; the false, the semi-false and the true were alike true in this, that they were there, and had power in their hands more or less. It was well to feel so; and yet not well! We find it written, 'Woe to College Student, them that are at ease in Zion'; but surely it is a double woe to Mean Connection, them that are at ease in Babel, in Domdaniel. On the Preference in Class a Behavioral other hand, he wrote many volumes, amusing many thousands of men.

Shall we call this great? It seems to us there dwells and struggles another sort of spirit in the inward parts of great men!Brother Ringletub, the missionary, inquired of Ram-Dass, a Hindoo man-god, who had set up for Mean Connection godhood lately, What he meant to do, then, with the sins of mankind? To which Ram-Dass at once answered, He had fire enough in his belly to burn-up all the sins in the world. Ram-Dass was right so far, and had a spice of sense in him; for surely it is the test of every divine man this same, and without it he is not divine or great, - that he have fire in him to burn-up somewhat of the sins of the world, of the miseries and errors of the world: why else is he there? Far be it from of a debate? us to say that a great man must needs, with benevolence prepense, become a 'friend of humanity'; nay, that such professional self-conscious friends of humanity are not the fatalest kind of persons to be met with in our day.

All greatness is Mean Connection, unconscious, or it is little and nought. College Student? And yet a great man without such fire in him, burning dim or developed, as a divine behest in Girls his heart of hearts, never resting till it be fulfilled, were a solecism in Nature. A great man is ever, as the Transcendentalists speak, possessed with an idea.Napoleon himself, not the superfinest of great men, and ballasted sufficiently with prudences and of a debate? egoisms, had nevertheless, as is Mean Connection to Belonging, clear enough, an idea to start with: the Job Ad idea that Democracy was the Cause of Man, the right and infinite Cause. Accordingly he made himself 'the armed Soldier of Mean Girls to Belonging Democracy'; and did vindicate it in a rather great manner. Nay, to the very last, he had a kind of idea; that, namely, of Correlation Preference a Behavioral Study 'La carriere ouverte aux talens, The tools to him that can handle them'; really one of the best ideas yet promulgated on that matter, or rather the one true central idea, towards which all the Mean Girls to Belonging others, if they tend anywhither, must tend. Unhappily it was in the military province only that Napoleon could realise this idea of his, being forced to fight for himself the while: before he got it tried to any extent in the civil province of things, his head by much victory grew light (no head can stand more than its quantity); and he lost head, as they say, and became a selfish ambitionist and quack, and was hurled out; leaving his idea to be realised; in the civil province of things, by Starting debate? others! Thus was Napoleon; thus are all great men: children of the idea; or, in Ram-Dass' phraseology, furnished with fire to burn-up the miseries of men. Mean Girls Connection To Belonging? Conscious or unconscious, latent or unfolded, there is small vestige of any such fire being extant in the inner-man of Correlation in Class Performance: Scott.Yet on the other hand, the surliest critic must allow that Scott was a genuine man, which itself is a great matter. No affectation, fantasticality or distortion dwelt in him; no shadow of cant. Nay, withal, was he not a right brave and strong man, according to Girls Connection to Belonging, his kind? What a load of toil, what a measure of felicity, he quietly bore along with him; with what quiet strength he both worked on this earth, and enjoyed in it; invincible to evil fortune and to good!

A most composed, invincible man; in Correlation Between Sitting Preference in Class and Academic a Behavioral difficulty and Mean Girls to Belonging distress knowing no discouragement, Samson-like carrying off on his strong Samson-shoulders the gates that would imprison him: in Questionnaire my essays danger and menace laughing at the whisper of fear. And then, with such a sunny current of to Belonging true humour and humanity, a free joyful sympathy with so many things; what of fire he had all lying so beautifully latent, as radical latent heat, as fruitful internal warmth of Job Ad Questionnaire my essays life; a most robust, healthy man! The truth is, our best definition of Scott were perhaps even this, that he was, if no great man, then something much pleasanter to be, a robust, thoroughly healthy and Mean Connection withal very prosperous and victorious man. An eminently well-conditioned man, healthy in body, healthy in Sitting in Class Performance: a Behavioral soul; we will call him one of the healthiest of men.Neither is to Belonging, this a small matter: health is a great matter, both to the possessor of it and to others. On the whole, that humorist in the Moral Essay was not so far out, who determined on Mean Girls Connection honouring health only; and so instead of humbling himself to the high-born, to Girls Connection, the rich and well-dressed, insisted on doffing hat to Job Ad, the healthy: coroneted carriages with pale faces in them passed by as failures, miserable and lamentable; trucks with ruddy-cheeked strength dragging at them were greeted as successful and Girls venerable. For does not health mean harmony, the synonym of all that is true, justly-ordered, good; is it not, in some sense, the net-total, as shown by experiment, of whatever worth is in us? The healthy man is the nursing plans??? PlEaSe HeLp!!? most meritorious product of Nature so far as he goes. A healthy body is good; but a soul in right health, - it is the thing beyond all others to Connection, be prayed for; the blessedest thing this earth receives of Girls Connection Heaven. Without artificial medicament of philosophy, or tight-lacing of creeds (always very questionable), the healthy soul discerns what is good, and adheres to it, and Mean Connection retains it; discerns what is bad, and spontaneously casts it off. Correlation Between Sitting Preference A Behavioral? An instinct from Nature herself, like that which guides the wild animals of the forest to their food, shows him what he shall do, what he shall abstain from.

The false and foreign will not adhere to him; cant and all fantastic diseased incrustations are impossible; - as Walker the Original, in such eminence of health was he for his part, could not, by much abstinence from soap-and-water, attain to a dirty face! This thing thou canst work with and Mean Connection profit by, this thing is substantial and Duet-Modern Play worthy; that other thing thou canst not work with, it is trivial and inapt: so speaks unerringly the inward monition of the man's whole nature. No need of logic to prove the most argumentative absurdity absurd; as Goethe says of Girls Connection himself, 'all this ran down from me like water from a man in wax-cloth dress.' Blessed is the healthy nature; it is the coherent, sweetly cooperative, not incoherent, self-distracting, self-destructive one! In the harmonious adjustment and play of all the faculties, the just balance of oneself gives a just feeling towards all men and all things. Glad light from within radiates outwards, and enlightens and embellishes.Part IINow all this can be predicated of Job Ad Questionnaire my essays Walter Scott, and of no British literary man that we remember in these days, to any such extent, - if it be not perhaps of one, the most opposite to Belonging imaginable to Scott, but his equal in this quality and College Student what holds of it: William Cobbett! Nay, there are other similarities, widely different as they two look; nor be the Girls Connection comparison disparaging to Scott: for Cobbett also, as the pattern John Bull of his century, strong as the rhinoceros, and Questionnaire with singular humanities and genialities shining through his thick skin, is Mean, a most brave phenomenon.

So bounteous was Nature to us; in the sickliest of Mean Connection to Belonging recorded ages, when British Literature lay all puking and Mean to Belonging sprawling in Werterism, Byronism, and other Sentimentalism tearful or spasmodic (fruit of internal wind). Nature was kind enough to send us two healthy Men, of whom she might still say, not without pride, These also were made in Mean Connection to Belonging England; such limbs do I still make there! It is one of the cheerfulest sights, let the question of its greatness be settled as you will. A healthy nature may or may not be great; but there is no great nature that is not healthy.Or, on the whole, might we not say, Scott, in Mean Connection the new vesture of the Preference in Class Performance: a Behavioral Study nineteenth century, was intrinsically very much the old fighting Borderer of prior centuries; the kind of man Nature did of old make in that birthland of Mean Connection his? In the saddle, with the Job Ad foray-spear, he would have acquitted himself as he did at the desk with his pen. One fancies how, in stout Beardie of Harden's time, he could have played Beardie's part; and been the stalwart buff-belted terrae filius he in this late time could only delight to draw. The same stout self-help was in him; the Girls same oak and triple brass round his heart. He too could have fought at Redswire, cracking crowns with the fiercest, if that had been the College Resume task; could have harried cattle in Tynedale, repaying injury with compound interest; a right sufficient captain of men. A man without qualms or fantasticalities; a hard-headed, sound-hearted man, of joyous robust temper, looking to the main chance, and fighting direct thitherward; valde stalwartus homo! - How much in that case had slumbered in him, and passed away without sign! But indeed who knows how much slumbers in many men? Perhaps our greatest poets are the mute Miltons; the vocals are those whom by happy accident we lay hold of, one here, one there, as it chances, and make vocal.

It is even a question, whether, had not want, discomfort and Mean distress-warrants been busy at Stratford-on-Avon, Shakespeare himself had not lived killing calves or combing wool! Had the Edial Boarding-school turned out Harlem Play well, we had never heard of Samuel Johnson; Samuel Johnson had been a fat schoolmaster and dogmatic gerundgrinder, and Girls Connection to Belonging never known that he was more. Nature is rich: those two eggs thou art eating carelessly to breakfast, could they not have been hatched into a pair of fowls, and have covered the Harlem Play Essay whole world with poultry?But it was not harrying of cattle in Mean Girls Tynedale, or cracking of crowns at Redswire, that this stout Border-chief was appointed to perform. Far other work. To be the song-singer and pleasant tale-teller to Britain and Europe, in the beginning of the Play Essay artificial nineteenth century; here, and not there, lay his business. Beardie of Harden would have found it very amazing. How he shapes himself to this new element; how he helps himself along in it, makes it to do for him, lives sound and victorious in it, and leads over the marches such a spoil as all the cattle-droves the Hardens ever took were poor in comparison to; this is the history of the life and achievements of our Sir Walter Scott, Baronet; - whereat we are now to glance for a little!

It is a thing remarkable; a thing substantial; of joyful, victorious sort; not unworthy to be glanced at. Connection? Withal, however, a glance here and there will suffice. Our limits are narrow; the thing, were it never so victorious, is not of the sublime sort, nor extremely edifying; there is nothing in it to Harlem Duet-Modern, censure vehemently, nor love vehemently; there is more to wonder at than admire; and the whole secret is not an abstruse one.Till towards the age of to Belonging thirty, Scott's life has nothing in College Student Objectives it decisively pointing towards Literature, or indeed towards distinction of any kind; he is wedded, settled, and has gone through all his preliminary steps, without symptom of renown as yet. It is the life of every other Edinburgh youth of Mean Girls Connection to Belonging his station and Harlem Duet-Modern time. Fortunate we must name it, in many ways. Parents in easy or wealthy circumstances, yet unencumbered with the cares and perversions of aristocracy; nothing eminent in place, in faculty or culture, yet nothing deficient; all around is Connection to Belonging, methodic regulation, prudence, prosperity, kindheartedness; an element of warmth and light, of affection, industry, and burgherly comfort, heightened into elegance; in which the young heart can wholesomely grow. A vigorous health seems to have been given by Nature; yet, as if Nature had said withal, Let it be a health to express itself by mind, not by Harlem Essay body, a lameness is added in childhood; the brave little boy, instead of romping and bickering, must learn to Mean Girls to Belonging, think; or at lowest, what is a great matter, to sit still. No rackets and trundling-hoops for this young Walter; but ballads, history-books and a world of legendary stuff, which his mother and those near him are copiously able to debate?, furnish. Disease, which is but superficial, and issues in outward lameness, does not cloud the Girls to Belonging young existence; rather forwards it towards the expansion it is Starting of a debate?, fitted for. The miserable disease had been one of the internal nobler parts, marring the general organisation; under which no Walter Scott could have been forwarded, or with all his other endowments could have been producible or possible. 'Nature gives healthy children much; how much!

Wise education is Girls Connection, a wise unfolding of this ; often it unfolds itself better of its own accord.'Add one other circumstance: the place where; namely, Presbyterian Scotland. The influences of this are felt incessantly, they streamin at every pore. 'There is a country accent,' says La Rochefoucauld, 'not in Job Ad Questionnaire my essays speech only, but in Connection thought, conduct, character and manner of existing, which never forsakes a man.' Scott, we believe, was all his days an Episcopalian Dissenter in Scotland; but that makes little to the matter. Preference A Behavioral Study? Nobody who knows Scotland and Mean Girls to Belonging Scott can doubt but Presbyterianism too had a vast share in Objectives the forming of him. Mean Connection To Belonging? A country where the entire people is, or even once has been, laid hold of, filled to the heart with an infinite religious idea, has 'made a step from which it cannot retrograde.' Thought, conscience, the sense that man is denizen of Between Sitting in Class and Academic Performance: Study a Universe, creature of an Eternity, has penetrated to the remotest cottage, to the simplest heart. Beautiful and awful, the feeling of a Heavenly Behest, of Mean to Belonging Duty God-commanded, over-canopies all life. There is an inspiration in such a people: one may say in a more special sense, 'the inspiration of the Almighty giveth them understanding.' Honour to all the brave and true; everlasting honour to brave old Knox, one of the truest of the true! That, in Job Ad Questionnaire my essays the moment while he and his cause, amid civil broils, in convulsion and confusion, were still but struggling for Mean Girls life, he sent the schoolmaster forth to all corners, and said, Let the people be taught; this is but one, and indeed an inevitable and Starting comparatively inconsiderable item in his great message to men. His message, in Mean Girls Connection to Belonging its true compass, was, Let men know that they are men; created by God, responsible to God; who work in any meanest moment of time what will last throughout eternity. It is verily a great message. Not ploughing and hammering machines, not patent-digesters (never so ornamental) to Student, digest the produce of Girls Connection these: no, in no wise; born slaves neither of their fellow-men, nor of care plans??? PlEaSe HeLp!!? their own appetites; but men! This great message Knox did deliver, with a man's voice and strength; and Girls Connection to Belonging found a people to believe him.Of such an Performance: a Behavioral Study achievement, we say, were it to be made once only, the Connection results are immense.

Thought, in such a country, may change its form, but cannot go out; the country has attained majority; thought, and a certain spiritual manhood, ready for all work that man can do, endures there. It may take many forms: the nursing form of hard-fisted money-getting industry, as in the vulgar Scotchman, in the vulgar New Englander; but as compact developed force and alertness of faculty, it is still there; it may utter itself one day as the colossal Scepticism of a Hume (beneficent this too though painful, wrestling Titan-like through doubt and inquiry towards new belief); and Mean Girls Connection again, some better day, it may utter itself as the inspired Melody of a Burns: in a word, it is there, and continues to manifest itself, in the Voice and the Work of a Nation of hardy endeavouring considering men, with whatever that may bear in Mean Connection it, or unfold from it. The Scotch national character originates in many circumstances; first of Mean Girls to Belonging all, in Duet-Modern Essay the Saxon stuff there was to Girls, work on; but next, and Job Ad Questionnaire beyond all else except that, in Mean to Belonging the Presbyterian Gospel of John Knox. Correlation Sitting Preference And Academic? It seems a good national character; and on Mean some sides not so good. Job Ad? Let Scott thank John Knox, for he owed him much, little as he dreamed of debt in that quarter! No Scotchman of his time was more entirely Scotch than Walter Scott: the good and the not so good, which all Scotchmen inherit, ran through every fibre of him.Scott's childhood, school-days, college-days, are pleasant to Connection, read of, though they differ not from those of Correlation Between Performance: others in his place and time. The memory of him may probably enough last till this record of them become far more curious than it now is. Girls To Belonging? So lived an Edinburgh Writer to the Signet's son in the end of the Job Ad Questionnaire my essays eighteenth century, may some future Scotch novelist say to Girls to Belonging, himself in the end of the twenty-first! The following little fragment of infancy is Between Sitting Performance: Study, all we can extract.

It is from an Autobiography which he had begun, which one cannot but regret he did not finish. Scott's best qualities never shone out more freely than when he went upon Mean to Belonging, anecdote and reminiscence. Student Resume? Such a master of narrative and Mean Girls Connection to Belonging of himself could have done personal narrative well. Job Ad Questionnaire? Here, if anywhere, his knowledge was complete, and all his humour and good-humour had free scope:'An odd incident is worth recording. It seems, my mother had sent a maid to take charge of me, at this farm of Sandy-Knowe, that I might be no inconvenience to Connection to Belonging, the family. Starting Debate?? But the damsel sent on that important mission had left her heart behind her, in the keeping of some wild fellow, it is likely, who had done and said more to Mean Connection, her than he was like to Starting debate?, make good. She became extremely desirous to return to Edinburgh; and, as my mother made a point of her remaining where she was, she contracted a sort of hatred at poor me, as the cause of her being detained at Sandy-Knowe.

This rose, I suppose, to a sort of Mean Girls Connection delirious affection; for she confessed to old Alison Wilson, the housekeeper, that she had carried me up to the craigs under a strong temptation of the Devil to cut my throat with her scissors, and bury me in the moss. Correlation Between Sitting Preference In Class A Behavioral? Alison instantly took possession of my person, and took care that her confidant should not be subject to any farther temptation, at Mean Connection to Belonging, least so far as I was concerned. She was dismissed of course, and I have heard afterwards became a lunatic.'It is here, at Sandy-Knowe, in Harlem Duet-Modern the residence of my paternal grandfather, already mentioned, that I have the Mean to Belonging first consciousness of existence; and I recollect distinctly that my situation and Correlation Between Sitting Preference and Academic appearance were a little whimsical. Among the odd remedies recurred to, to aid my lameness, some one had recommended that so often as a sheep was killed for Mean Girls to Belonging the use of the family, I should be stripped, and swathed-up in the skin warm as it was flayed from the carcass of the animal. In this Tartar-like habiliment I well remember lying upon the floor of the Harlem Duet-Modern Play Essay little parlour in the farmhouse, while my grandfather, a venerable old man with white hair, used every excitement to make me try to crawl. I also distinctly remember the late Sir George M'Dougal of Mackerstown, father of the present Sir Henry Hay M'Dougal, joining in the attempt.

He was, God knows how, a relation of ours; and I still recollect him, in his old-fashioned military habit (he had been Colonel of the Greys), with a small cocked-hat deeply laced, an embroidered scarlet waistcoat, and a light-coloured coat, with milk-white locks tied in Mean Girls to Belonging a military fashion, kneeling on the ground before me, and dragging his watch along the carpet to induce me to follow it. The benevolent old soldier, and the infant wrapped in his sheepskin, would have afforded an odd group to uninterested spectators. This must have happened about Duet-Modern Essay, my third year (1774), for Sir George M'Dougal and my grandfather both died shortly after that period.'2 [Footnote 2: Vo. i. pp. 15-17.] We will glance next into Mean Connection to Belonging, the 'Liddesdale Raids.' Scott has grown-up to be a brisk-hearted jovial young man and Advocate: in College Objectives vacation-time he makes excursions to the Highlands, to the Border Cheviots and Northumberland; rides free and far, on his stout galloway, through bog and brake, over the dim moory Debatable Land, over Flodden and Mean Girls to Belonging other fields and places, where, though he yet knew it not, his work lay. No land, however dim and moory, but either has had or will have its poet, and so become not unknown in song. Liddesdale, which was once as prosaic as most dales, having now attained illustration, let us glance thitherward: Liddesdale too is on this ancient Earth of ours, under this eternal Sky; and gives and takes, in the most incalculable manner, with the Starting debate? Universe at large! Scott's experiences there are rather of the rustic Arcadian sort; the Girls to Belonging element of whisky not wanting. We should premise that here and there a feature has, perhaps, been aggravated for College Resume Objectives effect's sake:'During seven successive years,' writes Mr. Girls? Lockhart (for the Autobiography has long since left us), 'Scott made a raid, as he called it, into Liddesdale with Mr. Job Ad Questionnaire? Shortreed, sheriff-substitute of Roxburgh, for Mean Girls to Belonging his guide; exploring every rivulet to Between Performance: Study, its source, and every ruined peel from foundation to Mean Connection to Belonging, battlement. Mean Girls Connection To Belonging? At this time no wheeled carriage had ever been seen in Mean Girls the district; - the Harlem Duet-Modern Play Essay first, indeed, was a gig, driven by Scott himself for a part of his way, when on the last of these seven excursions.

There was no inn nor publichouse of any kind in the whole valley; the travellers passed from the shepherd's hut to the minister's manse, and again from the cheerful hospitality of the manse to the rough and Mean Connection jolly welcome of the a Behavioral Study homestead; gathering, wherever they went, songs and tunes, and occasionally more tangible relics of to Belonging antiquity, even such a rowth of auld knicknackets as Burns ascribes to Captain Grose. To these rambles Scott owed much of the materials of his Minstrelsy of the Student Resume Scottish Border; and not less of that intimate acquaintance with the Mean Connection to Belonging living manners of these unsophisticated regions, which constitutes the Sitting Preference in Class Performance: chief charm of one of the most charming of his prose works. But how soon he had any definite object before him in Mean to Belonging his researches seems very doubtful. He was makin' himsell a' the time, said Mr. Shortreed; but he didna ken maybe what he was about College Resume, till years had passed: at first he thought o' little, I daresay, but the queerness and Mean to Belonging the fun.'In those days, says the care plans??? Memorandum before me, advocates were not so plenty - at least about Mean Girls, Liddesdale, and Mean Connection to Belonging the worthy Sheriff-substitute goes on to describe the sort of bustle, not unmixed with alarm, produced at to Belonging, the first farmhouse they visited (Willie Elliot's at Millburnholm), when the honest man was informed of the Between Sitting Preference Performance: Study quality of one of his guests. When they dismounted, accordingly, he received Mr. Scott with great ceremony, and Mean Connection to Belonging insisted upon himself leading his horse to the stable. Nursing Plans???? Shortreed accompanied Willie, however; and the latter, after taking a deliberate peep at Scott, out-by the Mean Connection edge of the Between and Academic Performance: Study door-cheek, whispered, Weel, Robin, I say, de'il hae me if I's be a bit feared for Mean Girls Connection to Belonging him now; he's just a chield like ourselves, I think.

Half-a-dozen dogs of all degrees had already gathered round the advocate, and his way of returning their compliments had set Willie Elliot at once at his ease.'According to Mr. Of A? Shortreed, this good man of Millburnholm was the great original of Dandie Dinmont.' * * * 'They dined at Millburnholm; and, after having lingered over Connection, Willie Elliot's punchbowl, until, in Mr. Shortreed's phrase, they were half-glowrin', mounted their steeds again, and Student Resume proceeded to Dr. Elliot's at Cleughhead, where (for, says my Memorandum, folk werena very nice in those days) the two travellers slept in one and the same bed, - as, indeed, seems to Mean Connection, have been the care PlEaSe case with them throughout most of Connection to Belonging their excursions in this primitive district. Dr. Elliot (a clergyman) had already a large ms. collection of the ballads Scott was in quest of.' * * * 'Next morning they seem to have ridden a long way for the express purpose of nursing plans??? HeLp!!? visiting one auld Thomas o' Tuzzilehope, another Elliot, I suppose, who was celebrated for his skill on the Border pipe, and in particular for being in possession of the real lilt3 of Dick o' the Cowe. Before starting, that is, at six o'clock, the ballad-hunters had, just to lay the stomach, a devilled duck or twae and some London porter. Auld Thomas found them, nevertheless, well disposed for breakfast on their arrival at Tuzzilehope; and this being over, he delighted them with one of the most hideous and unearthly of Girls Connection to Belonging all specimens of riding music, and, moreover, with considerable libations of whisky-punch, manufactured in a certain wooden vessel, resembling a very small milkpail, which he called Wisdom, because it made only a few spoonfuls of spirits, - though he had the Essay art of replenishing it so adroitly, that it had been celebrated for fifty years as more fatal to Girls to Belonging, sobriety than any bowl in the parish. Starting? Having done due honour to Wisdom, they again mounted, and proceeded over moss and moor to some other equally hospitable master of the pipe. Ah me, says Shortreed, sic an endless fund o' humour and drollery as he then had wi' him! Never ten yards but we were either laughing or roaring and singing.

Wherever we stopped, how brawlie he suited himsell to everybody! He aye did as the lave did; never made himself the great man, or took any airs in the company. Mean Connection? I've seen him in Correlation Preference in Class Performance: a Behavioral a' moods in these jaunts, grave and gay, daft and serious, sober and drunk - (this, however, even in our wildest rambles, was rare) - but, drunk or sober, he was aye the gentleman. He lookit excessively heavy and stupid when he was fou, but he was never out o' gude humour.' [Footnote 3: Loud tune: German, lallen.] These are questionable doings, questionably narrated; but what shall we say of the following, wherein the Girls Connection element of whisky plays an extremely prominent part? We will say that it is questionable, and not exemplary, whisky mounting clearly beyond its level; that indeed charity hopes and my essays conjectures here may be some aggravating of features for Mean effect's sake!'On reaching, one evening, some Charlieshope or other (I forget the Starting debate? name) among those wildernesses, they found a kindly reception, as usual; but, to their agreeable surprise after some days of hard living, a measured and orderly hospitality as respected liquor. Soon after supper, at which a bottle of elderberry-wine alone had been produced, a young student of divinity, who happened to be in the house, was called upon to take the big ha' Bible, in the good old fashion of Burns' Saturday Night; and some progress had been already made in the service, when the Mean to Belonging good-man of the farm, whose tendency, as Mr. Mitchell says, was soporific, scandalised his wife and nursing care plans??? PlEaSe HeLp!!? the dominie by starting suddenly from his knees, and, rubbing his eyes, with a stentorian exclamation of By ___, here's the keg at last! and in tumbled, as he spoke the word, a couple of sturdy herdsmen, whom, on hearing a day before of the advocate's approaching visit, he had despatched to a certain smuggler's haunt, at some considerable distance, in quest of a supply of run brandy from the Solway Frith. Girls Connection? The pious exercise of the household was hopelessly interrupted.

With a thousand apologies for his hitherto shabby entertainment, this jolly Elliot, or Armstrong, had the welcome keg mounted on the table without a moment's delay; and gentle and debate? simple, not forgetting the dominie, continued carousing about Mean to Belonging, it until daylight streamed-in upon the party. Sir Walter Scott seldom failed, when I saw him in company with his Liddesdale companion, to mimic with infinite humour the sudden outburst of his old host on hearing the clatter of horses' feet, which he knew to indicate the arrival of the keg - the consternation of the dame - and the rueful despair with which the young clergyman closed the book.'4 [Footnote 4: Vol. i. Girls Connection? pp. 195-199.] From which Liddesdale raids, which we here, like the young clergyman, close not without a certain rueful despair, let the reader draw what nourishment he can. They evince satisfactorily, though in a rude manner, that in Girls Connection to Belonging those days young advocates, and Duet-Modern Scott like the rest of them, were alive and alert, - whisky sometimes preponderating. Mean Girls? But let us now fancy that the jovial young Advocate has pleaded his first cause; has served in yeomanry drills; been wedded, been promoted Sheriff, without romance in Connection to Belonging either case; dabbling a little the while, under guidance of Monk Lewis, in translations from the German, in translation of Goethe's Gotz with the Girls to Belonging Iron Hand; - and we have arrived at the threshold of the Minstrelsy of the College Student Objectives Scottish Border, and the opening of Mean Connection to Belonging a new century.Hitherto, therefore, there has been made out, by Nature and Circumstance working together, nothing unusually remarkable, yet still something very valuable; a stout effectual man of thirty, full of broad sagacity and good humour, with faculties in him fit for any burden of business, hospitality and duty, legal or civic: - with what other faculties in him no one could yet say. As indeed, who, after lifelong inspection, can say what is in Harlem Play Essay any man?

The uttered part of a man's life, let us always repeat, bears to the unuttered unconscious part a small unknown proportion; he himself never knows it, much less do others. Give him room, give him impulse; he reaches down to the Infinite with that so straitly-imprisoned soul of Mean Girls Connection to Belonging his; and can do miracles if need be! It is one of the Starting comfortablest truths that great men abound, though in the unknown state. Nay, as above hinted, our greatest, being also by nature our quietest, are perhaps those that remain unknown! Philosopher Fichte took comfort in this belief, when from Mean Girls Connection all pulpits and editorial desks, and publications periodical and stationary, he could hear nothing but the infinite chattering and twittering of commonplace become ambitious; and in the infinite stir of motion nowhither, and of din which should have been silence, all seemed churned into one tempestuous yeasty froth, and the stern Fichte almost desired 'taxes on knowledge' to allay it a little; - he comforted himself, we say, by the unshaken belief that Thought did still exist in Between Sitting Preference in Class and Academic Performance: Germany; that thinking men, each in his own corner, were verily doing their work, though in a silent manner.5 [Footnote 5: Fichte, Uber das Wesen des Gelehrten.] Walter Scott, as a latent Walter, had never amused all men for a score of years in the course of Mean Connection centuries and eternities, or gained and lost several hundred thousand pounds sterling by Literature; but he might have been a happy and by no means a useless, - nay, who knows at bottom whether not a still usefuler Walter! However, that was not his fortune.

The Genius of rather a singular age, - an age at Student Resume, once destitute of faith and terrified at scepticism, with little knowledge of its whereabout, with many sorrows to bear or front, and on the whole with a life to lead in Mean Girls Connection to Belonging these new circumstances, - had said to himself: What man shall be the temporary comforter, or were it but the spiritual comfit-maker, of this my poor singular age, to solace its dead tedium and manifold sorrows a little? So had the Genius said, looking over Harlem Duet-Modern, all the world, What man? and found him walking the dusty Outer Parliament-house of Edinburgh, with his advocate-gown on his back; and exclaimed, That is Girls Connection to Belonging, he!The Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border proved to be a well from which flowed one of the Student broadest rivers. Girls To Belonging? Metrical Romances (which in due time pass into Prose Romances); the old life of men resuscitated for us: it is a mighty word! Not as dead tradition, but as a palpable presence, the past stood before us. There they were, the rugged old fighting men; in nursing care plans??? their doughty simplicity and Connection strength, with their heartiness, their healthiness, their stout self-help, in their iron basnets, leather jerkins, jack-boots, in their quaintness of manner and costume; there as they looked and lived: it was like a new-discovered continent in Questionnaire Literature; for the new century, a bright El Dorado, - or else some fat beatific land of Mean Connection Cockaigne, and Paradise of Donothings. To the Mean opening nineteenth century, in its languor and paralysis, nothing could have been welcomer.

Most unexpected, most refreshing and Girls to Belonging exhilarating; behold our new El Dorado; our fat beatific Lubberland, where one can enjoy and Mean Connection to Belonging do nothing! It was the time for Mean Girls such a new Literature; and this Walter Scott was the man for Mean Girls it. Girls To Belonging? The Lays, the Marmions, the Ladys and Lords of Lake and Isles, followed in Student Objectives quick succession, with ever-widening profit and praise. How many thousands of guineas were paid-down for each new Lay; how many thousands of Mean Girls Connection to Belonging copies (fifty and more sometimes) were printed off, then and subsequently; what complimenting, reviewing, renown and apotheosis there was: all is recorded in these Seven Volumes, which will be valuable in literary statistics. Student? It is a history, brilliant, remarkable; the outlines of which are known to all. The reader shall recall it, or conceive it.

No blaze in his fancy is likely to Mean Girls Connection, mount higher than the reality did.At this middle period of care PlEaSe his life, therefore, Scott, enriched with copyrights, with new official incomes and Mean Connection to Belonging promotions, rich in money, rich in repute, presents himself as a man in the full career of success. 'Health, wealth, and wit to guide them' (as his vernacular Proverb says), all these three are his. Performance: Study? The field is open for him, and Mean victory there; his own faculty, his own self, unshackled, victoriously unfolds itself, - the highest blessedness that can befall a man. Wide circle of nursing care HeLp!!? friends, personal loving admirers; warmth of domestic joys, vouchsafed to all that can true-heartedly nestle down among them; light of radiance and renown given only to a few: who would not call Scott happy? But the happiest circumstance of all is, as we said above, that Scott had in himself a right healthy soul, rendering him little dependent on outward circumstances. Mean Connection To Belonging? Things showed themselves to him not in distortion or borrowed light or gloom, but as they were. Harlem Duet-Modern Essay? Endeavour lay in Girls to Belonging him and in Class Performance: a Behavioral Study endurance, in due measure; and clear vision of what was to be endeavoured after.

Were one to preach a Sermon on Health, as really were worth doing, Scott ought to be the text. Connection To Belonging? Theories are demonstrably true in the way of logic; and then in the way of practice they prove true or else not true: but here is the grand experiment, Do they turn-out well? What boots it that a man's creed is the wisest, that his system of principles is the superfinest, if, when set to work, the life of him does nothing but jar, and fret itself into Connection to Belonging, holes? They are untrue in that, were it in nothing else, these principles of Mean Connection his; openly convicted of untruth; - fit only, shall we say, to be rejected as counterfeits, and flung to the dogs? We say not that; but we do say, that ill-health, of body or of mind, is defeat, is Duet-Modern Play, battle (in a good or in a bad cause) with bad success; that health alone is victory. Let all men, if they can manage it, contrive to be healthy! He who in what cause soever sinks into pain and disease, let him take thought of it; let him know well that it is Mean Girls Connection to Belonging, not good he has arrived at yet, but surely evil, - may, or may not be, on the way towards good.Scott's healthiness showed itself decisively in Girls to Belonging all things, and Mean to Belonging nowhere more decisively than in this: the way in which he took his fame; the estimate he from the first formed of Mean Girls Connection to Belonging fame. Money will buy money's worth; but the thing men call fame, what is it? A gaudy emblazonry, not good for much, - except, indeed, as it too may turn to Connection, money. To Scott it was a profitable pleasing superfluity, no necessary of life. Not necessary, now or ever!

Seemingly without much effort, but taught by Nature, and the instinct which instructs the sound heart what is good for of a debate? it and what is Mean, not, he felt that he could always do without this same emblazonry of reputation; that he ought to care plans??? HeLp!!?, put no trust in it; but be ready at to Belonging, any time to see it pass away from him, and to Questionnaire my essays, hold on his way as before. It is incalculable, as we conjecture, what evil he escaped in this manner; what perversions, irritations, mean agonies without a name, he lived wholly apart from, knew nothing of. Happily before fame arrived, he had reached the Girls to Belonging mature age at which all this was easier to him. What a strange Nemesis lurks in the felicities of men! In thy mouth it shall be sweet as honey, in thy belly it shall be bitter as gall! Some weakly-organised individual, we will say at plans???, the age of five-and-twenty, whose main or whole talent rests on some prurient susceptivity, and nothing under it but shallowness and vacuum, is clutched hold of by the general imagination, is whirled aloft to the giddy height; and Connection to Belonging taught to believe the divine-seeming message that he is a great man: such individual seems the luckiest of men: and, alas, is he not the unluckiest? Swallow not the Circedraught, O weakly-organised individual; it is Questionnaire my essays, fell poison; it will dry up the Mean to Belonging fountains of thy whole existence, and all will grow withered and parched; thou shalt be wretched under the sun!Is there, for example, a sadder book than that Life of Byron by Moore?

To omit mere prurient susceptivities that rest on vaccum, look at poor Byron, who really had much substance in him. Sitting there in his self-exile, with a proud heart striving to Duet-Modern Essay, persuade itself that it despises the entire created Universe; and far off, in foggy Babylon, let any pitifulest whipster draw pen on him, your proud Byron writhes in torture, - as if the pitiful whipster were a magician, or his pen a galvanic wire struck into the Byron's spinal marrow! Lamentable, despicable, - one had rather be a kitten and cry mew! O son of Adam, great or little, according as thou art lovable, those thou livest with will love thee. Girls Connection? Those thou livest not with, is it of moment that they have the alphabetic letters of thy name engraved on their memory, with some signpost likeness of thee (as like as I to Hercules) appended to them? It is not of moment; in sober truth, not of Between Sitting in Class Performance: Study any moment at Connection, all! And yet, behold, there is no soul now whom thou canst love freely, - from one soul only Harlem Play art thou always sure of reverence enough; in presence of no soul is it rightly well with thee! How is thy world become desert; and thou, for the sake of Connection to Belonging a little babblement of tongues, art poor, bankrupt, insolvent not in purse, but in heart and mind! 'The Golden Calf of self-love,' says Jean Paul, 'has grown into Objectives, a burning Phalaris' Bull, to consume its owner and worshipper.' Ambition, the desire of shining and outshining, was the beginning of Connection to Belonging Sin in this world.

The man of letters who founds upon his fame, does he not thereby alone declare himself a follower of Between in Class and Academic Performance: Lucifer (named Satan, the Enemy) and member of the Mean to Belonging Satanic school?Part IIIIt was in this poetic period that Scott formed his connexion with the Ballantynes; and embarked, though under cover, largely in Harlem trade. Mean Girls Connection To Belonging? To those who regard him in the heroic light, and Mean Connection to Belonging will have Vates to signify Prophet as well as Poet, this portion of his biography seems somewhat incongruous. Viewed as it stood in the reality, as he was and as it was, the enterprise, since it proved so unfortunate, may be called lamentable, but cannot be called unnatural. Girls Connection To Belonging? The practical Scott, looking towards practical issues in all things, could not but find hard cash one of the most practical. If by any means cash could be honestly produced, were it by writing poems, were it by printing them, why not? Great things might be done ultimately; great difficulties were at once got rid of, - manifold higglings of Resume Objectives booksellers, and contradictions of Mean sinners hereby fell away. A printing and bookselling speculation was not so alien for a maker of books. Voltaire, who indeed got no copyrights, made much money by the war-commissariat, in Questionnaire my essays his time; we believe, by the victualling branch of it. St.

George himself, they say, was a dealer in Girls bacon in Cappadocia. A thrifty man will help himself towards his object by Correlation Sitting and Academic Performance: a Behavioral such steps as lead to it. Girls Connection To Belonging? Station in society, solid power over the good things of this world, was Scott's avowed object; towards which the precept of precepts is that of Iago, Put money in Correlation Sitting in Class and Academic Performance: a Behavioral Study thy purse.Here, indeed, it is to be remarked, that perhaps no literary man of any generation has less value than Scott for the immaterial part of his mission in any sense: not only for the fantasy called fame, with the Mean Connection fantastic miseries attendant thereon; but also for Job Ad Questionnaire the spiritual purport of his work, whether it tended hitherward or thitherward, or had any tendency whatever; and indeed for all purports and results of his working, except such, we may say, as offered themselves to Mean Girls to Belonging, the eye, and could, in one sense or the other, be handled, looked at and buttoned into the breeches-pocket. Somewhat too little of a fantast, this Vates of ours! But so it was: in this nineteenth century, our highest literary man, who immeasurably beyond all others commanded the world's ear, had, as it were, no message whatever to deliver to Between Preference in Class and Academic Study, the world; wished not the world to Mean Connection to Belonging, elevate itself, to amend itself, to do this or to do that, except simply pay him for the books he kept writing. Plans??? PlEaSe? Very remarkable; fittest, perhaps, for Mean Connection to Belonging an age fallen languid, destitute of nursing plans??? PlEaSe faith and terrified at scepticism? Or, perhaps, for Girls to Belonging quite another sort of age, an age all in debate? peaceable triumphant motion?

Be this as it may, surely since Shakspeare's time there has been no great speaker so unconscious of an aim in speaking as Walter Scott. Equally unconscious these two utterances: equally the Mean Girls Connection sincere complete products of the minds they came from: and now if they were equally deep? Or, if the one was living fire, and the other was futile phosphorescence and mere resinous firework? It will depend on the relative worth of the minds; for both were equally spontaneous, both equally expressed themselves unencumbered by an ulterior aim. Beyond drawing audiences to Starting of a, the Globe Theatre, Shakspeare contemplated no result in those plays of his. Yet they have had results!

Utter with free heart what thy own daemon gives thee: if fire from heaven, it shall be well; if resinous firework, it shall be - as well as it could be, or better than otherwise!The candid judge will, in general, require that a speaker, in so extremely serious a Universe as this of ours, have something to speak about. In the heart of the speaker there ought to be some kind of gospel-tidings, burning till it be uttered; otherwise it were better for him that he altogether held his peace. A gospel somewhat more decisive than this of Scott's, - except to an age altogether languid, without either scepticism or faith! These things the candid judge will demand of literary men; yet withal will recognise the great worth there is in Scott's honesty if in nothing more, in his being the thing he was with such entire good faith. Here is a something, not a nothing. If no skyborn messenger, heaven looking through his eyes; then neither is it a chimera with his systems, crotchets, cants, fanaticisms, and to Belonging 'last infirmity of noble minds,' - full of misery, unrest and ill-will; but a substantial, peaceable, terrestrial man. Far as the Earth is under the Heaven does Scott stand below the former sort of character; but high as the Starting of a debate? cheerful flowery Earth is above waste Tartarus does he stand above the latter. Let him live in his own fashion, and do honour to him in that.It were late in the day to Girls Connection to Belonging, write criticisms on those Metrical Romances: at the same time, we may remark, the great popularity they had seems natural enough. In the first place, there was the indisputable impress of worth, of genuine human force, in them. This, which lies in some degree, or is thought to lie, at the bottom of all popularity, did to an unusual degree disclose itself in these rhymed romances of Scott's. Pictures were actually painted and presented; human emotions conceived and sympathised with.

Considering what wretched Della-Cruscan and other vamping-up of old worn-out tatters was the Duet-Modern Essay staple article then, it may be granted that Scott's excellence was superior and Mean Girls to Belonging supreme. When a Hayley was the main singer, a Scott might well be hailed with warm welcome. Consider whether the Loves of the nursing care Plants, and even the Loves of the Triangles, could be worth the loves and hates of men and women! Scott was as preferable to what he displaced, as the Mean Connection substance is to wearisomely repeated shadow of Correlation Sitting a substance.But, in the second place, we may say that the kind of worth which Scott manifested was fitted especially for Mean Girls the then temper of Duet-Modern Play men. We have called it an Mean Girls Connection age fallen into spiritual languor, destitute of belief, yet terrified at Correlation Sitting Preference Performance:, Scepticism; reduced to live a stinted half-life, under strange new circumstances. Now vigorous whole-life, this was what of all things these delineations offered. The reader was carried back to rough strong times, wherein those maladies of ours had not yet arisen. Brawny fighters, all cased in buff and iron, their hearts too sheathed in oak and triple brass, caprioled their huge war-horses, shook their death-doing spears; and went forth in the most determined manner, nothing doubting. The reader sighed, yet not without a reflex solacement: O, that I too had lived in those times, had never known these logic-cobwebs, this doubt, this sickliness; and been and Mean Girls Connection to Belonging felt myself alive among men alive!

Add lastly, that in this new-found poetic world there was no call for effort on the reader's part; what excellence they had, exhibited itself at a glance. It was for the reader, not the El Dorado only, but a beatific land of Starting debate? Cockaigne and Mean Connection to Belonging Paradise of Donothings! The reader, what the vast majority of Duet-Modern Play Essay readers so long to do, was allowed to Connection to Belonging, lie down at his ease, and be ministered to. What the Turkish bathkeeper is said to aim at Resume, with his frictions, and shampooings, and fomentings, more or less effectually, that the Mean Girls Connection patient in total idleness may have the delights of Questionnaire my essays activity, - was here to Mean Girls Connection, a considerable extent realised. The languid imagination fell back into its rest; an PlEaSe HeLp!!? artist was there who could supply it with high-painted scenes, with sequences of stirring action, and whisper to it, Be at ease, and let thy tepid element be comfortable to thee. 'The rude man,' says a critic, 'requires only to see something going on. The man of Mean Connection to Belonging more refinement must be made to feel. Job Ad Questionnaire My Essays? The man of complete refinement must be made to reflect.'We named the Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border the fountain from which flowed this great river of Metrical Romances; but according to some they can be traced to a still higher, obscurer spring; to Goethe's Gotz von Berlichingen with the Iron Hand; or which, as we have seen, Scott in his earlier days executed a translation. Dated a good many years ago, the following words in a criticism on Goethe are found written; which probably are still new to most readers of Mean Girls this Review:'The works just mentioned, Gotz and Werter, though noble specimens of youthful talent, are still not so much distinguished by their intrinsic merits as by their splendid fortune. It would be difficult to Starting of a, name two books which have exercised a deeper influence on the subsequent literature of Europe than these two performances of Connection a young author; his first-fruits, the produce of his twenty-fourth year. Werter appeared to Starting debate?, seize the hearts of men in all quarters of the world, and to utter for them the word which they had long been waiting to hear.

As usually happens too, this same word, once uttered, was soon abundantly repeated; spoken in Girls all dialects, and chanted through all notes of the gamut, till the sound of it had grown a weariness rather than a pleasure. Sceptical sentimentality, view-hunting, love, friendship, suicide and desperation, became the staple of literary ware; and though the epidemic, after a long course of years, subsided in Germany, it reappeared with various modifications in nursing plans??? other countries, and Girls Connection to Belonging everywhere abundant traces of its good and bad effects are still to be discerned. Starting Of A? The fortune of Berlichingen with the Iron Hand, though less sudden, was by no means less exalted. To Belonging? In his own country, Gotz, though he now stands solitary and Resume Objectives childless, became the parent of an innumerable progeny of chivalry plays, feudal delineations, and poetico-antiquarian performances; which, though long ago deceased, made noise enough in their day and generation: and Mean Girls with ourselves his influence has been perhaps still more remarkable. Sir Walter Scott's first literary enterprise was a translation of nursing plans??? HeLp!!? Gotz von Berlichingen: and, if genius could be communicated like instruction, we might call this work of Goethe's the Mean Girls to Belonging prime cause of Marmion and the Lady of the Lake, with all that has followed from the same creative hand. Truly, a grain of Mean Girls Connection seed that has lighted in the right soil! For if not firmer and fairer, it has grown to be taller and broader than any other tree; and all the nations of the earth are still yearly gathering of its fruit.'How far Gotz von Berlichingen actually affected Scott's literary destination, and whether without it the Mean Connection to Belonging rhymed romances, and College Student then the prose romances of the Author of Waverley, would not have followed as they did, must remain a very obscure question; obscure and not important. Of the fact, however, there is no doubt, that these two tendencies, which may be named Gotzism and Werterism, of the former of which Scott was representative with us, have made, and are still in some quarters making the tour of all Europe.

In Germany too there was this affectionate half-regretful looking-back into the Past; Germany had its buff-belted watch-tower period in literature, and had even got done with it before Scott began. Then as to Werterism, had not we English our Byron and his genus? No form of Werterism in any other country had half the potency; as our Scott carried Chivalry Literature to the ends of the world, so did our Byron Werterism. France, busy with its Revolution and Mean Connection Napoleon, had little leisure at the moment for Correlation Preference and Academic a Behavioral Gotzism or Werterism; but it has had them both since, in a shape of Girls to Belonging its own: witness the whole 'Literature of Desperation' in our own days; the beggarliest form of Werterism yet seen, probably its expiring final form: witness also, at the other extremity of the scale, a noble-gifted Chateaubriand, Gotz and Werter both in one. - Curious: how all Europe is but like a set of parishes of the same county; participant of the self-same influences, ever since the Crusades, and earlier; - and these glorious wars of ours are but like parish-brawls, which begin in mutual ignorance, intoxication and Mean Girls to Belonging boastful speech; which end in broken windows, damage, waste and bloody noses; and Connection which one hopes the general good sense is now in the way towards putting down, in some measure!But leaving this to be as it can, what it concerned us here to remark, was that British Werterism, in the shape of those Byron Poems, so potent and poignant, produced on the languid appetite of Student Resume Objectives men a mighty effect. This too was a 'class of feelings deeply important to modern minds; feelings which arise from passion incapable of being converted into action, which belong to Girls to Belonging, an age as indolent, cultivated and unbelieving as our own'! The 'languid age without either faith or scepticism' turned towards Byronism with an interest altogether peculiar: here, if no cure for its miserable paralysis and languor, was at least an indignant statement of the misery; an HeLp!!? indignant Ernulphus' curse read over it, - which all men felt to be something. Mean Girls? Half-regretful lookings in the Past gave place, in many quarters, to Ernulphus' cursings of the Present.

Scott was among the first to perceive that the day of Metrical Chivalry Romances was declining. Questionnaire? He had held the sovereignty for some half-score of years, a comparatively long lease of Mean it; and now the time seemed come for PlEaSe dethronement, for Mean Connection to Belonging abdication: an unpleasant business; which however he held himself ready, as a brave man will, to transact with composure and in silence. Between Sitting Performance: A Behavioral? After all, Poetry was not his staff of Mean Girls Connection life; Poetry had already yielded him much money; this at least it would not take back from him. Busy always with editing, with compiling, with multiplex official commercial business, and care PlEaSe solid interests, he beheld the coming change with unmoved eye.Resignation he was prepared to Girls Connection to Belonging, exhibit in this matter; - and now behold there proved to be no need of Harlem Duet-Modern Play resignation. Let the Metrical Romance become a Prose one; shake off its rhyme-fetters, and try a wider sweep! In the spring of 1814 appeared Waverley; an Mean Connection event memorable in the annals of British Literature; in the annals of British Bookselling thrice and four times memorable. Byron sang, but Scott narrated; and Job Ad Questionnaire my essays when the song had sung itself out through all variations onwards to the Don Juan one, Scott was still found narrating, and Mean to Belonging carrying the whole world along with him. All bygone popularity of chivalry-lays was swallowed up in a far greater.

What 'series' followed out of Waverley, and how and with what result, is known to all men; was witnessed and watched with a kind of rapt astonishment by all. Hardly any literary reputation ever rose so high in our Island; no reputation at all ever spread so wide. Walter Scott became Sir Walter Scott, Baronet, of Abbotsford; on whom Fortune seemed to pour her whole cornucopia of wealth, honour and worldly goods; the favourite of care plans??? PlEaSe HeLp!!? Princes and Girls to Belonging of Peasants, and all intermediate men. His 'Waverley series,' swift-following one on the other apparently without end, was the Mean Connection to Belonging universal reading; looked for Mean Girls like an annual harvest, by all ranks, in all European countries.A curious circumstance superadded itself, that the Play author though known was unknown. From the first most people suspected, and soon after the Girls to Belonging first, few intelligent persons much doubted, that the Author of Waverley was Walter Scott.

Yet a certain mystery was still kept up; rather piquant to the public; doubtless very pleasant to the author, who saw it all; who probably had not to listen, as other hapless individuals often had, to this or the other long-drawn 'clear proof at last,' that the author was not Walter Scott, but a certain astonishing Mr. So-and-so; - one of the standing miseries of human life in that time. But for the privileged Author it was like a king travelling incognito. All men know that he is a high king, chivalrous Gustaf or Kaiser Joseph; but he mingles in their meetings without cumber of etiquette or lonesome ceremony, as Chevalier du Nord, or Count of Lorraine: he has none of the weariness of royalty, and yet all the praise, and the satisfaction of hearing it with his own ears. Questionnaire My Essays? In a word, the Waverley Novels circulated and reigned triumphant; to the general imagination the 'Author of Waverley' was like some living mythological personage, and ranked among the chief wonders of the world.How a man lived and demeaned himself in such unwonted circumstances, is worth seeing. We would gladly quote from Girls Connection to Belonging Scott's correspondence of this period; but that does not much illustrate the matter. His letters, as above stated, are never without interest, yet also seldom or never very interesting. College Student Resume Objectives? They are full of Girls to Belonging cheerfulness, of Correlation Sitting Preference in Class Performance: Study wit and ingenuity; but they do not treat of aught intimate; without impeaching their sincerity, what is called sincerity, one may say they do not, in any case whatever, proceed from the innermost parts of the mind.

Conventional forms, due consideration of your own and your correspondents' pretensions and vanities, are at no moment left out of view. The epistolary stream runs on, lucid, free, gladflowing; but always, as it were, parallel to the real substance of the matter, never coincident with it. One feels it hollowish under foot. Letters they are of a most humane man of the world, even exemplary in that kind; but with the man of the world always visible in them; - as indeed it was little in Scott's way to speak, perhaps even with himself, in any other fashion. We select rather some glimpses of him from Mr. Lockhart's record. The first is of dining with Royalty or Prince-Regentship itself; an almost official matter:'On hearing from Mean Girls Connection to Belonging Mr. Connection To Belonging? Croker (then Secretary to the Admiralty) that Scott was to Girls, be in Between Sitting Preference in Class town by the middle of Connection March (1815), the Prince said, Let me know when he comes, and I'll get-up a snug little dinner that will suit him; and after he had been presented and Mean Girls to Belonging graciously received at the levee, he was invited to dinner accordingly, through his excellent friend Mr.

Adam (now Lord Chief Commissioner of the Jury Court in Connection to Belonging Scotland), who at that time held a confidential office in the royal household. The Regent had consulted with Mr. Adam, also, as to the composition of the Job Ad Questionnaire party. Let us have, said he, just a few friends of his own, and the more Scotch the Mean to Belonging better; and both the Commissioner and Mr. Croker assure me that the party was the most interesting and agreeable one in their recollection. Correlation Between And Academic Study? It comprised, I believe, the Mean Duke of York - the Duke of Duet-Modern Gordon (then Marquess of Huntly) - the Marquess of Hertford (then Lord Yarmouth) - the Earl of Fife - and Scott's early friend, Lord Melville. The Prince and Girls Connection Scott, says Mr. Croker, were the two most brilliant story tellers, in Resume Objectives their several ways, that I have ever happened to meet; they were both aware of their forte, and both exerted themselves that evening with delightful effect. Mean Connection? On going home, I really could not decide which of them had shone the most. The Regent was enchanted with Scott, as Scott with him; and on all his subsequent visits to my essays, London, he was a frequent guest at Mean to Belonging, the royal table.

The Lord Chief Commissioner remembers that the Prince was particularly delighted with the poet's anecdotes of the nursing PlEaSe HeLp!!? old Scotch judges and lawyers, which his Royal Highness sometimes capped by ludicrous traits of certain ermine sages of his own acquaintance. Scott told, among others, a story, which he was fond of telling, of Connection to Belonging his old friend the Lord Justice- Clerk Braxfield; and Connection to Belonging the commentary of Mean Connection his Royal Highness on hearing it amused Scott, who often mentioned it afterwards. The anecdote is Harlem Duet-Modern, this: Braxfield, whenever he went on Mean Girls a particular circuit was in the habit of visiting a gentleman of good fortune in the neighbourhood of one of the Harlem Duet-Modern Play assize towns, and staying at least one night, which, being both of them ardent chess-players, they usually concluded with their favourite game. One Spring circuit the battle was not decided at daybreak; so the Mean Girls Connection to Belonging Justice-Clerk said, Weel, Donald, I must e'en come back this gate, and let the game lie ower for the present: and back he came in October, but not to his old friend's hospitable house; for that gentleman had in the interim been apprehended on a capital charge (of forgery), and his name stood on the Porteous Roll, or list of those who were about to be tried under his former guest's auspices. To Belonging? The laird was indicted and tried accordingly, and the jury returned a verdict of Mean to Belonging guilty. Job Ad Questionnaire? Braxfield forthwith put on his cocked hat (which answers to the black cap in England), and pronounced the sentence of the law in the usual terms - To be hanged by the neck until you be dead; and Girls to Belonging may the Lord have mercy upon your unhappy soul! Having concluded this awful formula in his most sonorous cadence, Braxfield, dismounting his formidable beaver, gave a familiar nod to his unfortunate acquaintance, and said to him in a sort of chuckling whisper, And now, Donald my man, I think I've checkmated you for ance. The Regent laughed heartily at this specimen of Macqueen's brutal humour; and I' faith, Walter, said he, this old big-wig seems to have taken things as coolly as my tyrannical self. Don't you remember Tom Moore's description of me at breakfast The table spread with tea and nursing care PlEaSe toast, Death-warrants and the Morning Post?'Towards midnight the Prince called for a bumper, with all the honours, to the Author of Waverley; and looked significantly, as he was charging his own glass, to Mean Connection, Scott. Between Preference And Academic Performance: A Behavioral? Scott seemed somewhat puzzled for a moment, but instantly recovering himself, and filling his glass to the brim, said Your Royal Highness looks as if you thought I had some claim to the honours of this toast. Mean Girls Connection To Belonging? I have no such pretensions; but shall take good care that the care plans??? PlEaSe real Simon Pure hears of the high compliment that has now been paid him.

He then drank-off his claret; and joined with a stentorian voice in the cheering, which the to Belonging Prince himself timed. But before the company could resume their seats, his Royal Highness, Another of the nursing same, if you please, to Mean Girls, the Author of Sitting Performance: a Behavioral Study Marmion, - and now, Walter my man, I have checkmated you for Mean Girls ance. The second bumper was followed by cheers still more prolonged: and Scott then rose, and returned thanks in a short address, which struck the Lord Chief Commissioner as alike grave and graceful. This story has been circulated in Harlem Play Essay a very perverted shape.' * * * 'Before he left town he again dined at Carlton House, when the party was a still smaller one than before, and the merriment if possible still more free. Mean Connection? That nothing might be wanting, the Prince sang several capital songs.'6 [Footnote 6: Vol. Plans??? PlEaSe? iii, pp.

340-343.] Or take, at a very great interval in many senses, this glimpse of another dinner, altogether unofficially and much better described. It is James Ballantyne the printer and publisher's dinner, in Mean Girls Connection to Belonging St. John Street, Canongate, Edinburgh, on the birth-eve of a Waverley Novel:'The feast was, to use one of James' own favourite epithets, gorgeous; an aldermanic display of turtle and nursing care plans??? venison, with the suitable accompaniments of iced punch, potent ale, and generous Madeira. When the cloth was drawn, the burly praeses arose, with all he could master of the port of John Kemble, and spouted with a sonorous voice the formula Macbeth,Fill full! I drink to the general joy of the whole table!This was followed by the King, God bless him! and second came - Gentlemen, there is Girls Connection, another toast which never has been nor shall be omitted in this house of Duet-Modern mine: I give you the health of Mr. Walter Scott, with three times three! All honour having been done to this health, and Scott having briefly thanked the company, with some expressions of warm affection to their host, Mrs.

Ballantyne retired; - the bottles passed round twice or thrice in the usual way; and then James rose once more, every vein on his brow distended; his eyes solemnly fixed on Connection to Belonging vacancy, to propose, not as before in his stentorian key, but with bated breath, in the sort of whisper by which a stage-conspirator thrills the gallery, - Gentlemen, a bumper to the immortal Author of Waverley! - The uproar of cheering, in which Scott made a fashion of joining, was succeeded by Duet-Modern Play Essay deep silence; and then Ballantyne proceeded In his Lord-Burleigh look, serene and serious, A something of imposing and mysterious to lament the obscurity, in which his illustrious but too modest correspondent still chose to conceal himself from the plaudits of the world; to thank the Girls Connection to Belonging company for the manner in which the nominis umbra had been received; and to assure them that the Author of Waverley would, when informed of the circumstance, feel highly delighted - the proudest hour of his life, etc., etc. Preference In Class Performance:? The cool, demure fun of Scott's features during all this mummery was perfect; and Erskine's attempt at a gay nonchalance was still more ludicrously meritorious. Aldiborontiphoscophornio, however, bursting as he was, knew too well to allow the new Novel to be made the subject of discussion. Its name was announced, and success to it crowned another cup; but after that, no more of Jedediah. To cut the thread, he rolled out unbidden some one of his many theatrical songs, in a style that would have done no dishonour to almost any orchestra - The Maid of Lodi, or perhaps The Bay of Biscay, O! - or the Sweet little cherub that sits up aloft. Other toasts followed, interspersed with ditties from other performers; old George Thomson, the friend of Burns, was ready, for one, with The Moorland Wedding, or Willie brew'd a peck o' maut; and so it went on, until Scott and Erskine, with any clerical or very staid personage that had chanced to be admitted, saw fit to withdraw. Mean Girls Connection To Belonging? Then the scene was changed. The claret and olives made way for Objectives broiled bones and a mighty bowl of punch; and when a few glasses of the Girls Connection hot beverage had restored his powers, James opened ore rotundo on the merits of the forthcoming Romance. One chapter - one chapter only! was the cry. Debate?? After 'Nav by'r Lady, nay! and a few more coy shifts, the Connection to Belonging proof-sheets were at length produced, and debate? James, with many a prefatory hem, read aloud what he considered as the most striking dialogue they contained.'The first I heard so read was the interview between Jeanie Deans, the Duke of Argyle and Queen Caroline, in Richmond Park; and, notwithstanding some spice of the pompous tricks to which he was addicted, I must say he did the inimitable scene great justice. At all events, the effect it produced was deep and memorable; and no wonder that the exulting typographer's one bumper more to Jedediah Cleishbotham preceded his parting-stave, which was uniformly The Last Words of Marmion, executed certainly with no contemptible rivalry of Braham.7 [Footnote 7: Vol. iv. pp.

166-168.] Over at Mean Connection to Belonging, Abbotsford things wear a still more prosperous aspect. Scott is building there, by Job Ad Questionnaire my essays the pleasant banks of the Tweed; he has bought and Connection is buying land there; fast as the new gold comes in for a new Waverley Novel, or even faster, it changes itself into Mean Girls, moory acres, into stone, and hewn or planted wood.'About the middle of February' (1820), says Mr. Mean Girls Connection? Lockhart, 'it having been ere that time arranged that I should marry his eldest daughter in the course of the Harlem Essay spring, - I accompanied him and Mean part of his family on one of those flying visits to Abbotsford, with which he often indulged himself on a Saturday during term. Upon such occasions, Scott appeared at the usual hour in court, but wearing, instead of the official suit of black, his country morning-dress, green jacket and so forth, under the clerk's gown' - 'At noon, when the Court broke up, Peter Mathieson was sure to be in attendance in the Parliament Close; and, five minutes after, the gown had been tossed off; and College Objectives Scott, rubbing his hands for glee, was under weigh for Connection Tweedside. To Belonging? As we proceeded,' etc.'Next morning there appeared at breakfast John Ballantyne, who had at this time a shooting or hunting-box a few miles off, in to Belonging the vale of the Leader, and with him Mr. Constable, his guest; and it being a fine clear day, as soon as Scott had read the Job Ad my essays church-service and one of Jeremy Taylor's sermons, we all sallied out before noon on a perambulation of his upland territories; Maida (the hound) and the rest of the Mean favourites accompanying our march.

At starting we were joined by the constant henchman, Tom Purdie, - and I may save myself the trouble of any attempt to describe his appearance, for his master has given us an inimitably true one in introducing a certain personage of Starting debate? his Redgauntlet: - He was, perhaps, sixty years old; yet his brow was not much furrowed, and his jet-black hair was only grizzled, not whitened, by the advance of age. All his motions spoke strength unabated; and, though rather undersized, he had very broad shoulders, was square-made, thin-flanked, and apparently combined in his frame muscular strength and activity; the last somewhat impaired, perhaps, by years, but the Girls first remaining in full vigor. A hard and harsh countenance; eyes far sunk under projecting eyebrows, which were grizzled like his hair; a wide mouth, furnished from ear to ear with a range of unimpaired teeth of uncommon whiteness, and a size and breadth which might have become the jaws of an ogre, completed this delightful portrait. Equip this figure in Scott's cast-off green jacket, white hat and drab trousers; and imagine that years of kind treatment, comfort and College Student the honest consequence of a confidential grieve8 had softened away much of the hardness and harshness originally impressed on Girls to Belonging the visage by anxious penury, and the sinister habits of a black-fisher; - and Job Ad Questionnaire my essays the Tom Purdie of to Belonging 1820 stands before us. [Footnote 8: Overseer; German, graf.] 'We were all delighted to Girls, see how completely Scott had recovered his bodily vigour, and none more so than Constable, who, as he puffed and Connection to Belonging panted after him, up one ravine and down another, often stopped to wipe his forehead, and remarked, that it was not every author who should lead him such a dance. Care HeLp!!?? But Purdie's face shone with rapture as he observed how severely the swag-bellied bookseller's activity was tasked. Scott exclaimed exultingly, though, perhaps, for the tenth time, This will be a glorious spring for our trees, Tom! - You may say that, Sheriff, quoth Tom, - and then lingering a moment for Constable - My certy, he added, scratching his head, and Mean I think it will be a grand season for our buiks too. But indeed Tom always talked of our buiks, as if they had been as regular products of the soil as our aits and our birks. Job Ad Questionnaire My Essays? Having threaded first the Hexilcleugh and then the Rhymer's Glen, we arrived at Girls, Huntly Burn, where the hospitality of the kind Weird Sisters, as Scott called the Girls Connection Miss Fergusons, reanimated our exhausted bibliopoles, and gave them courage to extend their walk a little farther down the same famous brook. Here there was a small cottage in Mean Girls a very sequestered situation' (named Chiefswood), 'by making some little additions to which Scott thought it might be converted into a suitable summer residence for his daughter and future son-in-law.' * * * 'As we walked homeward, Scott being a little fatigued, laid his left hand on Tom's shoulder, and leaned heavily for support, chatting to his Sunday pony, as he called the affectionate fellow, just as freely as with the rest of the party; and Tom put-in his word shrewdly and manfully, and grinned and grunted whenever the joke chanced to be within his apprehension. It was easy to Harlem Duet-Modern Play Essay, see that his heart swelled within him from the Connection moment the Sheriff got his collar in his gripe.'9 [Footnote 9: Vol. iv. pp. 349-353.] That Abbotsford became infested to nursing care HeLp!!?, a great degree with tourists, wonder-hunters, and all that fatal species of people, may be supposed.

Solitary Ettrick saw itself populous: all paths were beaten with the feet and hoofs of an endless miscellany of pilgrims. As many as 'sixteen parties' have arrived at Mean to Belonging, Abbotsford in one day; male and female; peers, Socinian preachers, whatsoever was distinguished, whatsoever had love of distinction in my essays it! Mr. Lockhart thinks there was no literary shrine ever so bepilgrimed, except Ferney in Voltaire's time, who, however, was not half so accessible. Girls Connection To Belonging? A fatal species! These are what Schiller calls the 'flesh-flies'; buzzing swarms of bluebottles, who never fail where any taint of human glory or other corruptibility is in the wind. Duet-Modern Play? So has Nature decreed. Scott's healthiness, bodily and mental, his massive solidity of character, nowhere showed itself more decisively than in his manner of encountering this part of his fate. That his bluebottles were blue, and of the usual tone and quality, may be judged. Hear Captain Basil Hall (in a very compressed state):'We arrived in good time, and found several other guests at dinner. The public rooms are lighted with oil-gas, in a style of extraordinary splendour.

The' etc. Girls To Belonging? - 'Had I a hundred pens, each of which at the same time should separately write down an anecdote, I could not hope to record one half of those which our host, to Job Ad my essays, use Spenser's expression, welled out alway.' 'Entertained us all the way with an Girls Connection to Belonging endless string of anecdotes;' - 'came like a stream of Play poetry from his lips;' - 'path muddy and scarcely passable, yet I do not remember ever to have seen any place so interesting as the Mean Connection skill of this mighty magician had rendered this narrow ravine.' - 'Impossible to touch on Resume Objectives any theme, but straightway he has an anecdote to fit it.' - 'Thus we strolled along, borne, as it were, on the stream of song and story.' - 'In the Connection to Belonging evening we had a great feast indeed. Sir Walter asked us if we had ever read Christabel.' - 'Interspersed with these various readings were some hundreds of stories, some quaint, some pathetical.' - 'A breakfast today we had, as usual, some 150 stories - God knows how they came in.' - 'In any man so gifted - so qualified to take the loftiest, proudest line at the head of the literature, the Performance: a Behavioral taste, the imagination of the whole world!' - 'For instance, he never sits at any particular place at table, but takes' etc. etc.10 [Footnote 10: Vol. v. pp. 375-402.] Among such worshippers, arriving in 'sixteen parties a-day,' an ordinary man might have grown buoyant; have felt the god, begun to nod, and seemed to shake the spheres. A slightly splenetic man, possessed of Scott's sense, would have swept his premises clear of them: Let no blue bottle approach here, to disturb a man in his work, - under pain of sugared squash (called quassia) and Mean Girls Connection to Belonging king's yellow! The good Sir Walter, like a quiet brave man, did neither. He let the matter take its course; enjoyed what was enjoyable in it; endured what could not well be helped; persisted meanwhile in writing his daily portion of romance-copy, in preserving his composure of heart; - in a word, accommodated himself to this loud-buzzing environment, and made it serve him, as he would have done (perhaps with more ease) to a silent, poor and solitary one.

No doubt it affected him too, and in nursing care PlEaSe the lamentable way fevered his internal life, though he kept it well down; but it affected him less than it would have done almost any other man. For his guests were not all of the bluebottle sort; far from Connection that. Mr. Lockhart shall furnish us with the brightest aspect a British Ferney ever yielded, or is like to yield: and therewith we will quit Abbotsford and the dominant and culminant period of Objectives Scott's life:'It was a clear, bright September morning, with a sharpness in the air that doubled the animating influence of the Mean Girls sunshine, and all was in readiness for a grand coursing-match on College Newark Hill. The only guest who had chalked-out other sport for himself was the stanchest of anglers, Mr. Rose; but he too was there on Mean Connection to Belonging his shelty, armed with his salmon-rod and landing-net, and attended by his Hinves, and Charlie Purdie, a brother of Girls to Belonging Tom, in those days the Girls to Belonging most celebrated fisherman of the district. Harlem Duet-Modern Essay? This little group of Mean Girls Waltonians, bound for Lord Somerville's preserve, remained lounging about, to witness the start of the Harlem Duet-Modern Essay main cavalcade.

Sir Walter, mounted on Girls Sibyl, was marshalling the order of procession with a huge hunting-whip; and among a dozen frolicsome youths and maidens, who seemed disposed to to Belonging, laugh at all discipline, appeared, each on horseback, each as eager as the youngest sportsman in Mean Girls Connection the troop, Sir Humphry Davy, Dr. Starting Of A? Wollaston, and the patriarch of Scottish belles-lettres, Henry Mackenzie. The Man of Mean Girls to Belonging Feeling, however, was persuaded with some difficulty to resign his steed for the present to his faithful negro follower, and to join Lady Scott in the sociable, until we should reach the care PlEaSe ground of Connection our battue. Laidlaw, on a strong-tailed wiry Highlander, yclept Hoddin Grey, which carried him nimbly and stoutly, although his feet almost touched the ground as he sat, was the Harlem Duet-Modern Essay adjutant. But the most picturesque figure was the illustrious inventor of the Mean safety-lamp. He had come for his favourite sport of angling, and had been practising it successfully with Rose, his travelling companion, for two or three days preceding this; but he had not prepared for coursing fields, or had left Charlie Purdie's troop for Harlem Sir Walter's on a sudden thought, and his fisherman's costume - a brown hat with flexible brim, surrounded with line upon line of Girls catgut, and in Class and Academic innumerable fly-hooks-jack-boots worthy of Mean to Belonging a Dutch smuggler, and Starting debate? a fustian surtout dabbled with the Girls blood of salmon, made a fine contrast with the smart jackets, white-cord breeches, and well-polished jockey-boots of the Starting of a debate? less distinguished cavaliers about him. Dr.

Wollaston was in black; and Mean Girls Connection to Belonging with his noble serene dignity of care plans??? counterance might have passed for a sporting archbishop. Mr. Mackenzie, at this time in Mean Connection to Belonging the 76th year of his age, with a white hat turned up with green, green spectacles, green jacket, and long brown leathern gaiters, buttoned upon his nether anatomy, wore a dog-whistle round his neck, and Essay had, all over, the air of Mean Girls Connection to Belonging as resolute a devotee as the gay captain of Huntly Burn. Tom Purdie and his subalterns had preceded us by a few hours with all the greyhounds that could be collected at Abbotsford, Darnick, and Melrose; but the giant Maida had remained as his master's orderly, and now gambolled about Sibyl Grey, barking for mere joy like a spaniel puppy.'The order of march had been all settled, and the sociable was just getting under weigh, when the Lady Anne broke from the line, screaming with laughter, and exclaimed, Papa, papa, I knew you could never think of going without your pet! Scott looked round, and I rather think there was a blush as well as a smile upon his face, when he perceived a little black pig frisking about his pony, and evidently a self-elected addition to the party of the day.

He tried to look stern, and cracked his whip at the creature, but was in a moment obliged to join in Job Ad my essays the general cheers. Girls? Poor piggy soon found a strap round its neck, and was dragged into the background; - Scott, watching the retreat, repeated with mock pathos the Duet-Modern Play first verse of an old pastoral song What will I do gin my hoggie die? My joy, my pride, my hoggie! My only beast, I had na mae, And wow! but I was vogie!-the cheers were redoubled - and the squadron moved on.'This pig had taken, nobody could tell how, a most sentimental attachment to Scott, and was constantly urging its pretensions to be admitted a regular member of Girls to Belonging his tail along with the Mean Connection greyhounds and terriers: but, indeed, I remember him suffering another summer under the Mean Connection same sort of pertinacity on my essays the part of an affectionate hen. I leave the explanation for philosophers; but such were the facts.

I have too much respect for the vulgarly calumniated donkey, to name him in Mean Connection the same category of pets with the Harlem Essay pig and the hen; but a year or two after this time, my wife used to Connection to Belonging, drive a couple of of a debate? these animals in a little garden-chair, and whenever her father appeared at Mean to Belonging, the door of our cottage, we were sure to nursing plans???, see Hannah More and Lady Morgan (as Anne Scott had wickedly christened them) trotting from their pasture, to lay their noses over the paling, and, as Washington Irving says of the Mean Girls to Belonging old white-haired hedger with the Parisian snuff-box, to have a pleasant crack wi' the laird.11 [Footnote 11: Vol. v. pp. Care Plans??? HeLp!!?? 7-10. On this subject let us report an anecdote furnished by a correspondent of Mean Girls Connection our own, whose accuracy we can depend on: 'I myself was acquainted with a little Blenheim cocker, one of the Duet-Modern Play Essay smallest, beautifulest and wisest of lap-dogs or dogs, which, though Sir Walter knew it not, was very singular in its behaviour towards him. Shandy, so hight this remarkable cocker, was extremely shy of strangers: promenading on Princes Street, which in fine weather used to be crowded in those days, he seemed to live in Mean Girls perpetual fear of my essays being stolen; if any one but looked at him admiringly, he would draw-back with angry timidity, and to Belonging crouch towards his own ladymistress. One day, a tall, irregular, busy-looking man came halting by; the little dog ran towards him, began fawning, frisking, licking at College Resume, his feet: it was Sir Walter Scott! Had Shandy been the Mean to Belonging most extensive reader of Reviews, he could not have done better. And Academic A Behavioral Study? Every time he saw Sir Walter afterwards, which was some three or four times in the course of visiting Edinburgh, he repeated his demonstrations, ran leaping, frisking, licking the author of Waverley's feet.

The good Sir Walter endured it with good humour; looked down at the little wise face, at the silky shagcoat of Girls snow-white and chestnut-brown; smiled, and Correlation Preference and Academic Performance: a Behavioral avoided hitting him as they went on, - till a new division of Connection to Belonging streets or some other obstacle put an end to the interview. In fact, he was a strange little fellow, this Shandy. He has been known to sit for hours looking out at the summer moon, with the saddest, wistfulest expression of countenance; altogether like a Werterean Poet. He would have been a poet, I daresay, if he could have found a publisher. But his moral tact was the most amazing. Plans??? HeLp!!?? Without reason shown, without word spoken, or act done, he took his likings and dislikings; unalterable; really almost unerring.

His chief aversion, I should say, was to the genus quack, above all, to the genus acrid-quack, these, though never so clear-starched, bland-smiling and beneficent, he absolutely would have no trade with. Their very sugar-cake was unavailing. Girls Connection To Belonging? He said with emphasis, as clearly as barking could say it: Acrid-quack, avaunt! Would to Heaven many a prime-minister and high-person in authority had such an invaluable talent! On the whole, there is more in this universe than our philosophy has dreamt of. A dog's instinct is a voice of Nature too; and Harlem Play farther, it has never babbled itself away in Girls idle jargon and hypothesis, but always adhered to the practical, and grown in silence by continual communion with fact. We do the animals injustice.

Their body resembles our body, Buffon says; with its four limbs, with its spinal marrow, main organs in the head, and so forth: but have they not a kind of soul, equally the rude draught and imperfect imitation of ours? It is a strange, an almost solemn and pathetic thing to see an intelligence imprisoned in that dumb rude form; struggling to express itself out of that; - even as we do out of our imprisonment; and succeed very imperfectly!'] 'There' at care, Chiefswood 'my wife and I spent this summer and autumn of 1821; the first of several seasons which will ever dwell on my memory as the happiest of my life. We were near enough Abbotsford to partake as often as we liked of its brilliant and constantly varying society; yet could do so without being exposed to the worry and exhaustion of spirit which the daily reception of newcomers entailed upon all the Connection family, except Sir Walter himself. But, in truth, even he was not always proof against the annoyances connected with suchb a style of open housekeeping. Even his temper sank sometimes under the plans??? solemn applauses of learned dulness, the vapid raptures of painted and periwigged dowagers, the horse-leech avidity with which underbred foreigners urged their questions, and the pompous simpers of condescending magnates. To Belonging? When sore beset at home in this way, he would every now and then discover that he had some very particular business to attend to on an outlying part of his estate; and, craving the indulgence of his guest over-night, appear at the cabin in the glen before its inhabitants were astir in the morning. The clatter of Sibyl Grey's hoofs, the yelping of Mustard and Spice, and his own joyous shout of Sitting a Behavioral Study reveillee under our windows, were the signal that he had burst his toils, and meant for Mean Girls Connection that day to take his ease in my essays his inn.

On descending, he was to be found seated with all his dogs and ours about him, under a spreading ash that overshadowed half the Mean Girls to Belonging bank between the cottage and Starting debate? the brook, pointing the edge of his woodman's axe, and listening to Tom Purdie's lecture touching the plantation that most needed thinning. After breakfast he would take possession of a dressing-room upstairs, and Mean Girls write a chapter of The Pirate; and then, having made-up and despatched his packet for Mr. Ballantyne, away to join Purdie wherever the foresters were at work - and sometimes to labour among them as strenuously as John Swanston - until it was time either to rejoin his own party at Abbotsford, or the quiet circle of the cottage. When his guests were few and friendly, he often made them come over and meet him at Chiefswood in a body towards evening; and surely he never appeared to more amiable advantage than when helping his young people with their little arrangements upon such occasions. He was ready with all sorts of devices to Starting, supply the wants of a narrow establishment; he used to delight particularly in sinking the wine in a well under the brae ere he went out, and to Belonging hauling up the of a basket just before dinner was announced, - this primitive device being, he said, what he had always practised when a young housekeeper, and in Mean Girls Connection his opinion far superior in Student Resume Objectives its results to Connection to Belonging, any application of ice: and in the same spirit, whenever the weather was sufficiently genial, he voted for dining out of doors altogether, which at once got rid of the inconvenience of very small rooms, and made it natural and easy for my essays the gentlemen to help the ladies, so that the Mean paucity of servants went for nothing.'12 [Footnote 12: Vol. v. pp. 123, 124.] Part IVSurely all this is very beautiful; like a picture of Boccaccio's; the ideal of Correlation Between Sitting Preference Performance: a Behavioral a country life in our time. Why could it not last? Income was not wanting: Scott's official permanent income was amply adequate to meet the expense of all that was valuable in it; nay, of all that was not harassing, senseless and despicable. Scott had some 2,000l. Mean Girls? a-year without writing books at Student, all. Why should he manufacture and not create, to make more money; and rear mass on mass for Mean a dwelling to himself, till the pile toppled, sank crashing, and buried him in its ruins, when he had a safe pleasant dwelling ready of its own accord? Alas, Scott, with all his health, was infected; sick of the Correlation Between Preference Performance: fearfulest malady, that of Ambition!

To such a length had the King's baronetcy, the world's favour and 'sixteen parties a day,' brought it with him. So the inane racket must be kept up, and rise ever higher. So masons labour, ditchers delve; and there is endless altogether deplorable correspondence about marble-slabs for tables, wainscoting of rooms, curtains and the trimmings of Mean Connection curtains, orange-coloured or fawn-coloured: Walter Scott, one of the gifted of the world, whom his admirers call the most gifted, must kill himself that he may be a country gentleman, the nursing care founder of Mean Girls a race of Scottish lairds.It is one of the strangest, most tragical histories ever enacted under this sun. So poor a passion can lead so strong a man into such mad extremes. Surely, were not man a fool always, one might say there was something eminently distracted in debate? this, end as it would, of Mean Girls Connection to Belonging a Walter Scott writing daily with the ardour of a steam-engine, that he might make 15,000l. Correlation Between And Academic Study? a-year, and Mean Girls buy upholstery with it. To cover the walls of a stone house in Selkirkshire with nicknacks, ancient armour and genealogical shields, what can we name it but a being bit with delirium of a kind? That tract after tract of moorland in College Student Objectives the shire of Mean Connection Selkirk should be joined together on parchment and by ring-fence, and Questionnaire named after one's name, - why, it is a shabby small type edition of your vulgar Napoleons, Alexanders, and conquering heroes, not counted venerable by any teacher of men! 'The whole world was not half so wide To Alexander when he cried Because he had but one to Mean Connection to Belonging, subdue, As was a narrow paltry tub to Diogenes; who ne'er was said, For aught that ever I could read, To whine, put finger i' the eye and Job Ad Questionnaire my essays sob, Because he had ne'er another tub.'Not he! And if, 'looked at from the Moon, which itself is far from Infinitude,' Napoleon's dominions were as small as mine, what, by any chance of possibility, could Abbotsford landed-property ever have become? As the Arabs say, there is a black speck, were it no bigger than a bean's eye, in every soul; which once set it a-working, will overcloud the whole man into darkness and quasi-madness, and hurry him balefully into Night!With respect to the literary character of these Waverley Novels, so extraordinary in their commercial character, there remains, after so much reviewing, good and bad, little that it were profitable at Girls Connection, present to of a, say. The great fact about them is, that they were faster written and Mean better paid for than any other books in the world. It must be granted, moreover, that they have a worth far surpassing what is usual in Girls Connection to Belonging such cases; nay, that if Literature had no task but that of harmlessly amusing indolent languid men, here was the Mean Girls Connection to Belonging very perfection of Literature; that a man, here more emphatically than ever elsewhere, might fling himself back, exclaiming, Be mine to Resume, lie on this sofa, and read everlasting Novels of Mean Girls Connection to Belonging Walter Scott!

The composition, slight as it often is, usually hangs together in some measure, and College Student Objectives is a composition. There is Mean Girls, a free flow of narrative, of incident and sentiment; an easy masterlike coherence throughout, as if it were the free dash of Harlem a master's hand, 'round as the O of Giotto.13 It is the perfection of extemporaneous writing. Farthermore, surely he were a blind critic who did not recognise here a certain genial sunshiny freshness and Mean Girls Connection picturesqueness; paintings both of scenery and plans??? PlEaSe figures, very graceful, brilliant, occasionally full of grace and Girls glowing brightness blended in Mean Connection the softest composure; in Girls to Belonging fact, a deep sincere love of the beautiful in Nature and Man, and the readiest faculty of Play expressing this by imagination and by word. No fresher paintings of Nature can be found than Scott's; hardly anywhere a wider sympathy with man. From Davie Deans up to Richard Coeur-de-Lion; from Mean Girls Meg Merrilies to Starting of a debate?, Die Vernon and Queen Elizabeth! It is the utterance of Mean Girls Connection to Belonging a man of open soul; of a brave, large, free-seeing man, who has a true brotherhood with all men. In joyous picturesqueness and fellow-feeling, freedom of eye and heart; or to say it in a word, in general healthiness of mind, these Novels prove Scott to Connection to Belonging, have been amongst the Girls Connection to Belonging foremost writers. [Footnote 13: Venne a Firenze' (il cortigiano del Papa), 'e andato una mattina in bottega di Giotto, che lavorava, gli chiese un poco di disegno per mandarlo a sua Santita, Giotto, che garbatissimo era, prese un foglio, ed in quello con un pennello tinto di rosso, fermato il braccio al fianco per farne compasso, e girato la mano fece un tondo si pari di sesto e di profilo, che fu a vederlo una maraviglia. Cio fatto ghignando disse al cortigiano, Eccovi il disegno.' . . . 'Onde il Papa, e molti cortigiani intendenti conobbero percio, quanto Giotto avanzasse d' eccelenza tutti gli altri pittori del suo tempo. Divolgatasi poi questa cosa, ne nacque il proverbio, che ancora e in uso dirsi a gli uomini di grossa pasta: Tu sei piu tondo che l' O di Giotto.' - Vasari, Vite (Roma, 1759), i. 46.] Neither in the higher and highest excellence, of drawing character, is he at any time altogether deficient; though at no time can we call him, in the best sense, successful.

His Bailie Jarvies, Dinmonts, Dalgettys (for their name is legion), do look and nursing plans??? talk like what they give themselves out for; they are, if not created and made poetically alive, yet deceptively enacted as a good player might do them. Connection? What more is wanted, then? For the reader lying on a sofa, nothing more; yet for another sort of reader, much. It were a long chapter to unfold the difference in Job Ad Questionnaire drawing a character between a Scott, and a Shakespeare, a Goethe. Yet it is Mean Girls to Belonging, a difference literally immense; they are of College different species; the value of the one is Mean Connection, not to Correlation in Class and Academic a Behavioral Study, be counted in Girls the coin of the other. We might say in a short word, which means a long matter, that your Shakespeare fashions his characters from the heart outwards; your Scott fashions them from the skin inwards, never getting near the heart of them! The one set become living men and women; the other amount to Connection, little more than mechanical cases, deceptively painted automations. Compare Fenella with Goethe's Mignon, which, it was once said, Scott had 'done Goethe the honour' to borrow. He has borrowed what he could of Mignon.

The small stature, the Mean to Belonging climbing talent, the trickiness, the mechanical case, as we say, he has borrowed; but the Play soul of to Belonging Mignon is left behind. Fenella is an unfavorable specimen for Mean Girls to Belonging Scott; but it illustrates in the aggravated state, what is traceable in all the characters he drew.To the same purport indeed we are to say that these famed books are altogether addressed to the every-day mind; that for any other mind there is Mean Girls Connection to Belonging, next to no nourishment in them. Opinions, emotions, principles, doubts, beliefs, beyond what the intelligent country gentleman can carry along with him, are not to be found. It is orderly, customary, it is prudent, decent; nothing more. One would say, it lay not in Scott to College, give much more; getting out of the ordinary range, and attempting the heroic, which is but seldom the case, he falls almost at Mean Girls Connection to Belonging, once into the rose-pink sentimental, - descries the Minerva Press from afar, and hastily quits that course; for none better than he knew it to Questionnaire, lead nowhither. On the whole, contrasting Waverley, which was carefully written, with most of to Belonging its followers, which were written extempore, one may regret the extempore method. Something very perfect in its kind might have come from Scott; nor was it a low kind: nay, who knows how high, with studious self-concentration, he might have gone; what wealth Nature had implanted in him, with his circumstances, most unkind while seeming to be kindest, had never impelled him to unfold?But after all, in the loudest blaring and trumpeting of popularity, it is ever to be held in mind, as a truth remaining true forever, that Literature has other aims than that of harmlessly amusing indolent languid men: or if Literature have them not, then Literature is Mean to Belonging, a very poor affair; and Mean Girls something else must have them, and must accomplish them, with thanks or without thanks; the thankful or thankless world were not long a world otherwise! Under this head there is little to be sought or found in the Waverley Novels. Correlation Preference In Class Performance: Study? Not profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for edification, for building up or elevating, in any shape! The sick heart will find no healing here, the darkly-struggling heart no guidance: the Heroic that is in all men no divine awakening voice. We say, therefore, that they do not found themselves on deep interests, but on comparatively trivial ones; not on the perennial, perhaps not even on the lasting.

In fact, much of the interest of Mean these Novels results from what may be called contrasts of costume. The phraseology, fashion of arms, of dress and life, belonging to nursing, one age, is brought suddenly with singular vividness before the eyes of another. A great effect this; yet by Mean Girls Connection the very nature of it, an altogether temporary one. Consider, brethren, shall not we too one day be antiques, and grow to Between Sitting Preference and Academic Performance: a Behavioral Study, have as quaint a costume as the Mean Connection rest? The stuffed Dandy, only give him time, will become one of the wonderfulest mummies. Job Ad? In antiquarian museums, only two centuries hence, the steeple-hat will hang on the next peg to Franks and Company's patent, antiquarians deciding which is Mean to Belonging, uglier: and the Stulz swallow-tail, one may hope, will seem as incredible as any garment that ever made ridiculous the respectable back of of a man. Not by slashed breeches, steeple-hats, buff-belts, or antiquated speech, can romance-heroes continue to interest us; but simply and solely, in Mean Girls to Belonging the long-run, by being men. Buff-belts and all manner of jerkins and Starting of a debate? costumes are transitory; man alone is perennial. Mean Girls To Belonging? He that has gone deeper into this than other men, will be remembered longer than they; he that has not, not. And Academic Study? Tried under this category, Scott, with his clear practical insight, joyous temper, and Mean Connection to Belonging other sound faculties, is not to of a debate?, be accounted little, - among the ordinary circulating-library heroes he might well pass for Connection to Belonging a demigod.

Not little, yet neither is Between Sitting Preference and Academic, he great; there were greater, more than one or two, in his own age: among the great of all ages, one sees no likelihood of a place for him.What, then, is the result of these Waverley Romances? Are they to amuse one generation only? One or more! As many generations as they can; but not all generations: ah no, when our swallow-tail has become fantastic as trunk-hose, they will cease to amuse! - Meanwhile, as we can discern, their results have been several-fold. First of all, and certainly not least of Mean all, have they not perhaps had this result: that a considerable portion of mankind has hereby been sated with mere amusement, and set on seeking something better? Amusement in the way of reading can go no farther, can do nothing better, by the power of man; and Job Ad my essays men ask, Is this what it can do? Scott, we reckon, carried several things to their ultimatum and crisis, so that change became inevitable; a great service, though an indirect one.Secondly, however, we may say, these Historical Novels have taught all men this truth, which looks like a truism, and yet was as good as unknown to writers of history and others, till so taught: that the bygone ages of the Mean Connection world were actually filled by living men, not by protocols, state-papers, controversies and abstractions of men. Not abstractions were they, not diagrams and theorems; but men, in buff or other coats and Student Objectives breeches, with colour in their cheeks, with passions in their stomach, and the idioms, features and vitalities of very men. It is a little word this; inclusive of great meaning! History will henceforth have to take thought of it. Her faint hearsays of 'philosophy teaching by to Belonging experience' will have to exchange themselves everywhere for direct inspection and embodiment: this, and College Student this only, will be counted experience; and till once experience have got in, philosophy will reconcile herself to Connection to Belonging, wait at to Belonging, the door.

It is a great service, fertile in consequences, this that Scott has done; a great truth laid open by him; - correspondent indeed to the substantial nature of the man; to to Belonging, his solidity and veracity even of imagination, which, with all his lively discursiveness, was the characteristic of him.A word here as to the extempore style of writing, which is Mean Girls, getting much celebrated in these days. Scott seems to have been a high proficient in it. Mean Girls To Belonging? His rapidity was extreme; and nursing plans??? the matter produced was excellent, considering that: the Connection circumstances under which some of his Novels, when he could not himself write, were dictated, are justly considered wonderful. Of A Debate?? It is Mean Girls, a valuable faculty this of ready-writing; nay, farther, for Scott's purpose it was clearly the only good mode. By much labour he could not have added one guinea to his copyright; nor could the reader on the sofa have lain a whit more at ease.

It was in Play all ways necessary that these works should be produced rapidly; and, round or not, be thrown off like Giotto's O. But indeed, in all things, writing or other, which a man engages in, there is the indispensablest beauty in knowing how to get done. A man frets himself to no purpose; he has not the sleight of the trade; he is Girls, not a craftsman, but an plans??? PlEaSe HeLp!!? unfortunate borer and bungler, if he know not when to have done. Perfection is unattainable: no carpenter ever made a mathematically accurate right-angle in Mean Connection the world; yet all carpenters know when it is right enough, and do not botch it, and lose their wages, by Girls Connection making it too right. Too much painstaking speaks disease in one's mind, as well as too little. Mean To Belonging? The adroit sound-minded man will endeavour to spend on each business approximately what of pains it deserves; and with a conscience void of remorse will dismiss it then.

All this in favour of easy-writing shall be granted, and, if need were, enforced and inculcated.And yet, on the other hand, it shall not less but more strenuously be inculcated, that in the way of Sitting in Class and Academic Performance: a Behavioral writing, no great thing was ever, or will ever be done with ease, but with difficulty! Let ready-writers with any faculty in Mean Girls them lay this to heart. Is it with ease, or not with ease, that a man shall do his best, in any shape; above all, in this shape justly named of 'soul's travail,' working in debate? the deep places of thought, embodying the True out of the Obscure and Possible, environed on Mean Connection to Belonging all sides with the uncreated False? Not so, now or at any time. Student? The experience of all men belies it; the nature of things contradicts it. Virgil and Mean Tacitus, were they ready-writers? The whole Prophecies of Isaiah are not equal in extent to nursing care plans??? PlEaSe, this cobweb of a Review Article.

Shakespeare, we may fancy, wrote with rapidity; but not till he had thought with intensity: long and sore had this man thought, as the seeing eye may discern well, and had dwelt and Mean Girls wrestled amid dark pains and throes, though his great soul is silent about all that. It was for him to write rapidly at fit intervals, being ready to Starting debate?, do it. And herein truly lies the secret of the Girls Connection matter: such swiftness of Student mere writing, after due energy of Girls Connection preparation, is Student Resume, doubtless the right method; the hot furnace having long worked and simmered, let the pure gold flow out at one gush. It was Shakespeare's plan; no easy-writer he, or he had never been a Shakespeare. Neither was Milton one of the mob of gentlemen that write with ease; he did not attain Shakespeare's faculty, one perceives, of even writing fast after long preparation, but struggled while he wrote. Goethe also tells us he 'had nothing sent him in Girls Connection to Belonging his sleep'; no page of his but he knew well how it came there. It is reckoned to be the Sitting Preference in Class Study best prose, accordingly, that has been written by Mean Girls any modern. Schiller, as an Mean Girls to Belonging unfortunate and Mean unhealthy man, 'konnte nie fertig werden, never could get done'; the noble genius of him struggled not wisely but too well, and wore his life itself heroically out. Or did Petrarch write easily? Dante sees himself 'growing lean' over his Divine Comedy; in stern solitary death-wrestle with it, to prevail over it, and do it, if his uttermost faculty may: hence, too, it is done and prevailed over, and the fiery life of it endures forevermore among men.No: creation, one would think, cannot be easy; your Jove has severe pains, and fire-flames, in the head out of which an armed Pallas is struggling!

As for Between Sitting and Academic Performance: Study manufacture, that is a different matter, and may become easy or not easy, according as it is Girls, taken up. Yet of in Class Performance: a Behavioral manufacture too, the general truth is that, given the manufacturer, it will be worthy in direct proportion to Girls, the pains bestowed upon it; and care HeLp!!? worthless always, or nearly so, with no pains. Cease, therefore, O ready-writer, to brag openly of Girls thy rapidity and facility; to thee (if thou be in the manufacturing line) it is to Belonging, a benefit, an increase of wages; but to me it is sheer loss, worsening of Connection my pennyworth: why wilt thou brag of it to me? Write easily, by steam if thou canst contrive it, and canst sell it; but hide it like virtue! Easy writing, said Sheridan, is sometimes d--d hard reading. Sometimes; and always it is sure to be rather useless reading, which indeed (to a creature of few years and much work) may be reckoned the hardest of all.Scott's productive facility amazed everybody; and set Captain Hall, for one, upon a very strange method of accounting for it without miracle; - for which see his Journal, above quoted from.

The Captain, on counting line for line, found that he himself had written in plans??? that Journal of his almost as much as Scott, at odd hours in a given number of days; 'and as for the invention,' says he, 'it is known that this costs Scott nothing, but comes to him of its own accord.' Convenient indeed! - But for us, too, Scott's rapidity is Mean Connection, great, is Essay, a proof and consequence of the solid health of the Mean to Belonging man, bodily and spiritual; great, but unmiraculous; not greater than that of many others besides Captain Hall. Admire it, yet with measure. For observe always, there are two conditions in work: let me fix the quality, and Duet-Modern Play Essay you shall fix the quantity! Any man may get through work rapidly who easily satisfies himself about it. Print the to Belonging talk of any man, there will be a thick octavo volume daily; make his writing three times as good as his talk, there will be the third part of a volume daily, which still is good work. To write with never such rapidity in Essay a passable manner, is Mean Girls Connection to Belonging, indicative not of College Student Objectives a man's genius, but of his habits; it will prove his soundness of Mean Girls nervous system, his practicality of mind, and in fine, that he has the knack of his trade. In the nursing care plans??? HeLp!!? most flattering view, rapidity will betoken health of mind: much also, perhaps most of all, will depend on health of body.

Doubt it not, a faculty of easy-writing is attainable by Mean Girls Connection to Belonging man! The human genius, once fairly set in this direction, will carry it far. William Cobbett, one of the healthiest of Student Objectives men, was a greater improviser even than Walter Scott: his writing, considered as to quality and Mean to Belonging quantity, of of a debate? Rural tides, Registers, Grammars, Sermons, Peter Porcupines, Histories of Reformation, ever-fresh denouncements of Connection Potatoes and Paper-money, seems to us still more wonderful. Essay? Pierre Bayle wrote enormous folios, one sees not on what motive principle: he flowed-on forever, a mighty tide of to Belonging ditchwater; and even died flowing, with the pen in his hand. Mean Girls To Belonging? But indeed the most unaccountable ready-writer of all is, probably, the common Editor of a Daily Newspaper. Consider his leading articles; what they treat of, how passably they are done. To Belonging? Straw that has been thrashed a hundred times without wheat; ephemeral sound of a sound; such portent of the hour as all men have seen a hundred times turn out inane: how a man with merely human faculty, buckles himself nightly with new vigour and interest to College Student Objectives, this thrashed straw, nightly thrashes it anew, nightly gets-up new thunder about it; and so goes on thrashing and thundering for Mean a considerable series of Student Resume Objectives years; this is a fact remaining still to be accounted for, in human physiology. The vitality of man is great.Or shall we say, Scott, among the many things he carried towards their ultimatum and crisis, carried this of ready-writing too, that so all men might better see what was in it? It is a valuable consummation. Not without results; results, at some of which Scott as a Tory politician would have greatly shuddered.

For if once Printing have grown to be as Talk, then Democracy (if we look into the roots of things) is not a bugbear and probability, but a certainty, asd event as good as come! 'Inevitable seems it me.' But leaving this, sure enough the Mean Girls Connection to Belonging triumph of ready-writing appears to be even now; everywhere the ready-writer is found bragging strangely of his readiness. In a late translated Don Carlos, one of the most indifferent translations ever done with any sign of ability, a hitherto unknown individual is found assuring his reader, 'The reader will possibly think it an excuse, when I assure him that the whole piece was completed within the space of ten weeks, that is to say, between the sixth of Mean Girls Connection January and the eighteenth of Mean Girls March of this year (inclusive of a fortnight's interruption from over-exertion); that I often translated twenty pages a-day, and that the fifth act was the work of five days.'14 O hitherto unknown individual, what is College Student, it to me what time it was the work of, whether five days or five decades of years? The only question is, How well hast thou done it? [Footnote 14: Don Carlos, a Dramatic Poem, from the German of Schiller. Mannheim and London, 1837.] So, however, it stands: the Mean Connection to Belonging genius of Extempore irresistibly lording it, advancing on us like ocean-tides, like Noah's deluges of ditch-water! The prospect seems one of the lamentablest. To have all Literature swum away from Starting of a us in watery Extempore, and a spiritual time of Connection Noah supervene?

That surely is an awful reflection; worthy of dyspeptic Matthew Bramble in a London fog! Be of comfort, O splenetic Matthew; it is not Literature they are swimming away; it is only Book-publishing and College Objectives Book-selling. Was there not a Literature before Printing or Faust of Girls to Belonging Mentz, and Duet-Modern Essay yet men wrote extempore? Nay, before Writing or Cadmus of Thebes, and Mean to Belonging yet men spoke extempore? Literature is the Thought of thinking Souls; this, by my essays the blessing of God, can in no generation be swum away, but remains with us to the end.Scott's career, of writing impromptu novels to Connection to Belonging, buy farms with, was not of a kind to Student Resume, terminate voluntarily, but to accelerate itself more and more; and one sees not to what wise goal it could, in any case, have led him.

Bookseller Constable's bankruptcy was not the ruin of Scott; his ruin was, that ambition, and even false ambition, had laid hold of Mean Girls Connection to Belonging him; that his way of life was not wise. Whither could it lead? Where could it stop? New farms there remained ever to be bought, while new novels could pay for them. More and more success but gave more and more appetite, more and more audacity. The impromptu writing must have waxed ever thinner; declined faster and College Resume Objectives faster into the questionable category, into the condemnable, into the generally condemned.

Already there existed, in to Belonging secret, everywhere a considerable opposition party; witnesses of the Waverley miracles, but unable to believe in them, forced silently to protest against Mean them. Such opposition party was in the sure case to grow; and even with the impromptu process ever going on, ever waxing thinner, to Mean Connection, draw the world over to it. Silent protest must at length have come to words; harsh truths, backed by harsher facts of nursing PlEaSe a world-popularity overwrought and worn-out, behoved to have been spoken; - such as can be spoken now without reluctance, when they can pain the Mean Girls brave man's heart no more. Who knows? Perhaps it was better ordered to be all otherwise. Otherwise, at any rate, it was. One day the Constable mountain, which seemed to Harlem Essay, stand strong like the other rock mountains, gave suddenly, as the icebergs do, a loud-sounding crack; suddenly, with huge clangor, shivered itself into ice-dust; and sank, carrying much along with it. In one day Scott's high-heaped money-wages became fairy-money and nonentity; in one day the rich man and lord of land saw himself penniless, landless, a bankrupt among creditors.It was a hard trial. He met it proudly, bravely, - like a brave proud man of the Girls Connection world.

Perhaps there had been a prouder way still: to have owned honestly that he was unsuccessful, then, all bankrupt, broken, in the world's goods and repute; and to have turned elsewhither for some refuge. Refuge did lie elsewhere; but it was not Scott's course, or fashion of mind, to College Student Resume Objectives, seek it there. Mean Girls To Belonging? To say, Hitherto I have been all in Girls Connection to Belonging the wrong, and Mean to Belonging this my fame and pride, now broken, was an empty delusion and spell of accursed witchcraft! It was difficult for flesh and blood! He said, I will retrieve myself, and make my point good yet, or die for it. Silently, like a proud strong man, he girt himself to the Hercules' task of removing rubbish-mountains, since that was it; of paying large ransoms by what he could still write and Girls Connection sell. In his declining years, too; misfortune is doubly and trebly unfortunate that befalls us then.

Scott fell to his Hercules' task like a very man, and went on with it unweariedly; with a noble cheerfulness, while his life-strings were cracking, he grappled with it, and Mean Connection to Belonging wrestled with it, years long, in death-grips, strength to strength; - and it proved the stronger; and of a debate? his life and heart did crack and Mean Girls Connection to Belonging break: the cordage of a most strong heart! Over these last writings of Scott, his Napoleons, Demonologies, Scotch Histories, and the rest, criticism, finding still much to wonder at, much to Between a Behavioral Study, commend, will utter no word of blame; this one word only, Woe is me! The noble war-horse that once laughed at the shaking of the spear, how is he doomed to toil himself dead, dragging ignoble wheels! Scott's descent was like that of a spent projectile; rapid, straight down; - perhaps mercifully so. It is Connection, a tragedy, as all life is; one proof more that Fortune stands on a restless globe; that Ambition, literary, warlike, politic, pecuniary, never yet profited any man.Our last extract shall be from Correlation Sitting Preference in Class and Academic Performance: Study Volume Sixth; a very tragical one.

Tragical, yet still beautiful; waste Ruin's havoc borrowing a kind of sacredness from a yet sterner visitation, that of Death! Scott has withdrawn into a solitary lodging-house in Mean Edinburgh, to do daily the day's work there; and Harlem had to leave his wife at Mean Girls Connection, Abbotsford in the last stage of disease. He went away silently; looked silently at the sleeping face he scarcely hoped ever to see again. We quote from a Diary he had begun to keep in those months, on hint from Byron's Ravenna Journal: copious sections of itrender this Sixth Volume more interesting than any of the former ones:'Abbotsford, May 11 (1826). - * * It withers my heart to think of it, and to recollect that I can hardly hope again to Starting of a, seek confidence and counsel from that ear, to which all might be safely confided. But in her present lethargic state, what would my attendance have availed? - and Anne has promised close and constant intelligence.

I must dine with James Ballantyne today en famille. Mean To Belonging? I cannot help it; but would rather be at home and alone. However, I can go out too. Between Preference In Class Study? I will not yield to the barren sense of hopelessness which struggles to invade me.''Edinburgh, - Mrs. Brown's lodgings, North St.

David Street - May 12. I passed a pleasant day with kind J. B., which was a great relief from the black dog, which would have worried me at home. Mean Girls Connection To Belonging? He was quite alone.''Well, here I am in Arden. And I may say with Touchstone, When I was at home I was in a better place; I must, when there is occasion, draw to my own Bailie Nicol Jarvie's consolation - One cannot carry the comforts of the Saut-Market about with one. Were I at ease in Play mind, I think the Mean Girls Connection to Belonging body is very well cared for.

Only one other lodger in the house, a Mr. Duet-Modern Play Essay? Shandy, - a clergyman, and, despite his name, said to be a quiet one.''May 14. - A fair good-morrow to you, Mr. Sun, who are shining so brightly on Connection these dull walls. Methinks you look as if you were looking as bright on the banks of the Student Tweed; but look where you will, Sir Sun, you look upon sorrow and suffering. - Hogg was here yesterday, in danger, from having obtained an accommodation of 100l. from James Ballantyne, which he is Girls, now obliged to repay. I am unable to help the poor fellow, being obliged to Job Ad my essays, borrow myself.''May 15. - Received the melancholy intelligence that all is over at Abbotsford.''Abbotsford, May 16. Girls Connection To Belonging? - She died at nine in the morning, after being very ill for two days - easy at last. I arrived here late last night.

Anne is worn out, and has had hysterics, which returned on my arrival. Correlation Between Sitting Performance:? Her broken accents were like those of a child, the language as well as the tones broken, but in the most gentle voice of submission. Mean Girls Connection To Belonging? Poor mamma - never return again - gone forever - a better place. College Student? Then, when she came to herself, she spoke with sense, freedom and strength of mind, till her weakness returned. It would have been inexpressibly moving to me as a stranger - what was it then to the father and the husband?

For myself, I scarce know how I feel; sometimes as firm as the Bass Rock, sometimes as weak as the water that breaks on it. Girls Connection? I am as alert at thinking and deciding as I ever was in my life. Duet-Modern? Yet, when I contrast what this place now is, with what it has been not long since, I think my heart will break. Lonely, aged, deprived of my family - all but poor Anne; an impoverished, an embarrassed man, deprived of the sharer of my thoughts and counsels, who could always talk-down my sense of the calamitous apprehensions which break the heart that must bear them alone. - Even her foibles were of Girls service to me, by giving me things to think of beyond my weary self-reflections.'I have seen her. The figure I beheld is, and in Class and Academic a Behavioral is not, my Charlotte - my thirty-years companion.

There is the Girls same symmetry of Correlation Between Sitting Preference in Class Performance: a Behavioral form, though those limbs are rigid which were once so gracefully elastic - but that yellow mask, with pinched features, which seems to mock life rather than emulate it, can it be the face that was once so full of Mean Girls Connection to Belonging lively expression? I will not look on it again. Anne thinks her little changed, because the latest idea she had formed of her mother is as she appeared under circumstances of extreme pain. Mine go back to plans??? PlEaSe HeLp!!?, a period of comparative ease. Connection? If I write long in Correlation Performance: a Behavioral Study this way, I shall write-down my resolution, which I should rather write-up, if I could.'May 18. - * * Cerements of lead and Mean Girls Connection of wood already hold her; cold earth must have her soon. Of A? But it is not my Charlotte, it is Mean Girls Connection, not the bride of my youth, the College Student Objectives mother of my children, that will be laid among the ruins of Dryburgh, which we have so often visited in gaiety and pastime. No, no.''May 22. - * * Well, I am not apt to Mean Girls to Belonging, shrink from that which is my duty, merely because it is painful; but I wish this funeral-day over. Nursing Care? A kind of cloud of Mean Connection to Belonging stupidity hangs about Between Preference in Class Study, me, as if all were unreal that men seem to be doing and Mean Girls talking.''May 26. - * * Were an nursing care HeLp!!? enemy coming upon Mean Connection to Belonging, my house, would I not do my best to fight, although oppressed in nursing care plans??? PlEaSe HeLp!!? spirits; and shall a similar despondency prevent me from mental exertion? It shall not, by Heaven!''Edinburgh, May 30. - Returned to town last night with Charles. This morning resume ordinary habits of rising early, working in Girls Connection the morning, and attending the Court. I finished correcting the proofs for the Quarterly; it is but a flimsy article, but then the circumstances were most untoward. - This has been a melancholy day - most melancholy.

I am afraid poor Charles found me weeping. I do not know what other folks feel, but with me the hysterical passion that impels tears is a terrible violence - a sort of throttling sensation - then succeeded by a state of of a dreaming stupidity, in to Belonging which I ask if my poor Charlotte can actually be dead.'15 [Footnote 15: Vol. vi. pp. 297-307.] This is beautiful as well as tragical. Job Ad Questionnaire? Other scenes, in that Seventh Volume, must come, which will have no beauty, but be tragical only. Mean Girls Connection To Belonging? It is better that we are to end here.And so the curtain falls; and the strong Walter Scott is Mean Girls Connection, with us no more. A possession from him does remain; widely scattered; yet attainable; not inconsiderable.

It can be said of him, When he departed, he took a Man's life along with him. No sounder piece of Girls British manhood was put together in that eighteenth century of Time. Alas, his fine Scotch face, with its shaggy honesty, sagacity and goodness, when we saw it latterly on Mean Girls the Edinburgh streets, was all worn with care, the joy all fled from it; - ploughed deep with labour and sorrow. We shall never forget it; we shall never see it again. Adieu, Sir Walter, pride of all Scotchmen, take our proud and sad farewell. Source:London and Westminster Review, No. 12. - Memoirs of the Mean Girls Connection to Belonging Life of Sir Walter Scott, Baronet, Vols. i. - vi., Edinburgh, 1837.]reprinted in, Mill, John Stuart, 1806-1873. Autobiography ; Essay on liberty / John Stuart Mill.

Characteristics ; Inaugural address ; Essay on Scott / Thomas Carlyle ; with introductions and notes. New York, Collier [c1909] The Harvard classics v. 25. This text is part of the Internet Modern History Sourcebook. The Sourcebook is a collection of Between Sitting and Academic Performance: Study public domain and copy-permitted texts for introductory level classes in modern European and World history. Unless otherwise indicated the specific electronic form of the Mean Girls Connection document is copyright.

Permission is granted for Correlation Sitting Preference in Class and Academic Performance: a Behavioral Study electronic copying, distribution in print form for educational purposes and personal use. If you do reduplicate the document, indicate the source. No permission is granted for Mean Girls commercial use of the Sourcebook. © Paul Halsall, August 1998.